Vacana, aka: Vācanā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vacana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachana.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Vacana (वचन).—lit. statement; an authoritative statement made by the authors of the Sutras and the Varttikas as also of the Mahabhasya; cf. अस्ति ह्यन्यदेतस्य वचने प्रयोजनम् (asti hyanyadetasya vacane prayojanam) M. Bh. on Siva Sutra 1 Vart. 1 The word is also used predicatively in the sense of वक्तव्यम् (vaktavyam) by the Varttikakara; cf. ऌति ऌ वावचनम्, ऋति ऋ वावचनम् (ḷti ḷ vāvacanam, ṛti ṛ vāvacanam);

2) Vacana.—Number, such as एकवचन, द्विवचन, बहुवचन (ekavacana, dvivacana, bahuvacana) etc.; cf. वचनमेकत्वद्वित्वबहुत्वानि (vacanamekatvadvitvabahutvāni) Kas.on P.I.2.51 ; cf लुपि युक्तिवद् व्यक्ति-वचने । लुकि अभिधेयवल्लिङ्गवचनानि भवन्ति। लवणः सूपः। लवणा यवागूः। (lupi yuktivad vyakti-vacane | luki abhidheyavalliṅgavacanāni bhavanti| lavaṇaḥ sūpaḥ| lavaṇā yavāgūḥ|) M.Bh.on P.I. 2.57;

3) Vacana.—Expressive word; cf. गुणवचनब्राह्मणादिभ्यः कर्मणि च (guṇavacanabrāhmaṇādibhyaḥ karmaṇi ca) P. V.1.124 where the Kasika explains the word गुणवचन (guṇavacana) as गुणमुक्तवन्तो गुणवचनाः (guṇamuktavanto guṇavacanāḥ); cf. also the terms गुणवचन, जातिवचन, क्रियावचन (guṇavacana, jātivacana, kriyāvacana) etc. as classes of words; cf. also अभिज्ञावचने लृट् (abhijñāvacane lṛṭ) P.III.2.112;

4) Vacana.—That which is uttered; cf. मुखना-सिकावचनोनुनासिकः। मुखसहिता नासिका मुखनासिका । तया य उच्चार्यते असौ वर्णः (mukhanā-sikāvacanonunāsikaḥ| mukhasahitā nāsikā mukhanāsikā | tayā ya uccāryate asau varṇaḥ) Kas. on P. I.1.8.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vacana in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vācana (वाचन) is simple recitation.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vācāna (वाचान, “teaching”).—One of the five types of self-study (svādhyāya);—What is meant by ‘teaching’ (vācāna)? To teach the disciples is called teaching.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vacana in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vacana : (nt.) utterance; word; saying; a term; an expression. || vācana (nt.), recitation; reading.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vācanā, (f.) (fr. vāceti) recitation, reading; °magga way of recitation, help for reading, division of text (into chapters or paragraphs) Tikp 239; KhA 12, 14, 24. (Page 606)

— or —

Vacana, (nt.) (fr. vac; Vedic vacana) 1. speaking, utterance, word, bidding S. II, 18 (alaṃ vacanāya one says rightly); IV, 195 (yathā bhūtaṃ); A. II, 168; Sn. 417, 699, 932, 984, 997; Miln. 235; Pv. II, 27; SnA 343, 386.—mama vacanena in my name PvA. 53.—dubbacana a bad word Th. 2, 418 (=dur-utta-vacana ThA. 268).—vacanaṃ karoti to do one’s bidding J. I, 222, 253. ‹-› 2. (t. t. g.) what is said with regard to its grammatical, syntactical or semantic relation, way of speech, term, expression, as: āmantana° term of address KhA 167; SnA 435; paccatta° expression of sep. relation, i.e. the accusative case SnA 303; piya° term of endearment Nd2 130; SnA 536; puna° repetition SnA 487; vattamāna° the present tense SnA 16, 23; visesitabba° qualifying (predicative) expression VvA. 13; sampadāna° the dative relation SnA 317. At SnA 397 (combd with linga and other terms) it refers to the “number, ” i.e. singular & plural.

—attha word-analysis or meaning of words Vism. 364; SnA 24. —kara one who does one’s bidding, obedient; a servant Vv 165; 8421; J. II, 129; IV, 41 (vacanaṃ-kara); V, 98; PvA. 134. —khama gentle in words S. II, 282; A. IV, 32. —paṭivacana speech and counterspeech (i.e. reply), conversation DhA. II, 35; PvA. 83, 92, 117. —patha way of saying, speech M. I, 126 (five ways, by which a person is judged: kālena vā akālena vā, bhūtena & a°, saṇhena & pharusena, attha-saṃhitena & an°, mettacittā & dosantarā); A. II, 117, 153; III, 163; IV, 277, cp. D. III, 236; Vv 6317 (=vacana VvA. 262); SnA 159, 375. —bheda variance in expression, different words, kind of speech SnA 169, cp. vacanamatte bhedo SnA 471. —vyattaya distinction or specification of expression SnA 509. —sampaṭiggaha “taking up together, ” summing up (what has been said), résumé KhA 100. —sesa the rest of the words PvA. 14, 18, 103. (Page 592)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vacana (वचन).—n (S) Speech, a matter spoken; word, declaration, affirmation, promise &c. 2 A dictum, an aphorism, a rule; any utterance or expression considered as authoritative. 3 In grammar. Number; as ēkavacana, dvivacana, anēkavacana or bahuvacana Singular, Dual, Plural. vacanācā kharā a True to one's promise or word. vacanācyā ājñēnta or ardhyā vacanānta asaṇēṃ or vāgaṇēṃ To be exceedingly obedient and tractable. vacanīṃ gōvaṇēṃ To entangle, i.e. to bind or fix, by his own promise or word.

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vācana (वाचन).—n S Reading.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vacana (वचन).—n Speech. Promise. A dictum. (In gram.) Number. ardhyā vacanānta asaṇēṃ Be exceedingly obedient and tracable. vacanācā kharā True to one's promise or word. vacanīṃ gōṃvaṇēṃ Entangle i. e. bind or fix, by his own promise or word.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vacana (वचन).—[vac-lyuṭ]

1) The act of speaking, uttering. saying.

2) Speech, an utterance, words (spoken), sentence; ननु वक्तृविशेषनिःस्पृहा गुणगृह्या वचने विपश्रितः (nanu vaktṛviśeṣaniḥspṛhā guṇagṛhyā vacane vipaśritaḥ) Ki.2. 5; प्रीतः प्रीतिप्रमुखवचनं स्वागतं व्याजहार (prītaḥ prītipramukhavacanaṃ svāgataṃ vyājahāra) Me.4.

3) Repeating, recitation.

4) A text, dictum, rule, precept, a passage of a sacred book; शास्त्रवचनम्, श्रुतिवचनम्, स्मृति- वचनम् (śāstravacanam, śrutivacanam, smṛti- vacanam) &c.

5) An order, a command, direction; शुश्रूषां गौरवं चैव प्रमाणं वचनक्रियाम् (śuśrūṣāṃ gauravaṃ caiva pramāṇaṃ vacanakriyām) (kuryāt) Rām.2.12.26; मद्वच- नात् (madvaca- nāt) 'in my name', 'by my order'.

6) Advice, counsel, instruction.

7) Declaration, affirmation.

8) Pronunciation (of a letter) (in gram.).

9) The signification or meaning of a word; अत्र पयोधरशब्दः मेघवचनः (atra payodharaśabdaḥ meghavacanaḥ).

1) Number (in gram.); (there are three numbers, singular, dual and plural).

11) Dry ginger.

Derivable forms: vacanam (वचनम्).

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Vācana (वाचन).—[vac-ṇic svārthe vā ṇic lyuṭ]

1) Reading, reciting.

2) Declaration, proclamation, utterance; as in स्वस्तिवाचनम्, पुण्याहवाचनम् (svastivācanam, puṇyāhavācanam) q. q. v. v.

-nā 1 A lesson.

2) A chapter.

Derivable forms: vācanam (वाचनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vacana (वचन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Speech, speaking. 2. A sentence, a text, a dictum, an aphorism, a rule. 3. Recitation. 4. Advice. 5. Order, command. 6. Dry-ginger. 7. The pronunciation of a letter, (in gram.) 8. The meaning of a word. 9. Number, (in gram.) E. vac to speak, aff. lyuṭ .

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Vācana (वाचन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Reading, reciting. 2. Proclamation, declaration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 196 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bahuvacana
Bahuvacana (बहुवचन).—n. (-naṃ) The plural number. (in grammar.) E. bahu, and vacana saying.
Nirvacana
Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—1) Utterance, pronunciation.2) A proverbial expression, proverb; न निर्मन्...
Vacanakara
Vacanakara (वचनकर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) 1. Obedient. 2. Speaking. m. (-raḥ) The author or enu...
Dvivacana
Dvivacana (द्विवचन).—the dual number in grammar. Derivable forms: dvivacanam (द्विवचनम्).Dvivac...
Priyavacana
Priyavacana (प्रियवचन).—nt. LV 182.6; Dharmas 19; -vadya, nt. (both these two occur in Sanskrit...
Ekavacana
Ekavacana (एकवचन).—the singular number. Derivable forms: ekavacanam (एकवचनम्).Ekavacana is a Sa...
Punyahavacana
puṇyāhavācana (पुण्याहवाचन).—n A ceremony performed righteous.
Svastivacana
Svastivācana (स्वस्तिवाचन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. A religious rite, preparatory to a sacrifice or any im...
Vacanavirodha
Vacanavirodha (वचनविरोध).—m. (-dhaḥ) Incongruity, contradiction, inconsistency of texts. E. vac...
Anekavacana
Anekavacana (अनेकवचन).—the plural number; dual also. Derivable forms: anekavacanam (अनेकवचनम्)....
Abhayavacana
Abhayavacana (अभयवचन).—f. an assurance or promise of safety. Derivable forms: abhayavacanam (अभ...
Gunavacana
Guṇavacana (गुणवचन).—a word which connotes an attribute or quality, an adjective, or substantiv...
Satyavacana
Satyavacana (सत्यवचन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Speaking truth. 2. Acknowledging or admitting truth. E. sat...
Pratipavacana
Pratīpavacana (प्रतीपवचन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Contradiction. 2. A perverse or evasive answer, a speec...
Vacanakrama
Vacanakrama (वचनक्रम).—m. (-maḥ) Discourse, order of words. E. vacana, and krama order.

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