Nirnaya, Nirṇaya: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nirnaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirnaya in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) refers to “ascertainment”, or “settlement”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Nirṇaya (निर्णय, “confutation”) refers to “settlement” or “ascertainment” and represents the ninth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). By rejecting the opposite arguments establishment of the self-opinion is called nirṇaya. Nirṇaya is the last result of tarka. Nirṇaya is a certain knowledge about anything. It is stated in the Nyāyasūtra that nirṇaya is the establishment of something by stating two opposite sides.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirṇaya (निर्णय, “ascertainment”) refers to ‘settlement’ of the plot. Nirṇaya represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Declaration of facts personally known is called Ascertainment (nirṇaya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) is one of the five types of adhikaraṇa (exegetical format).—Nirṇaya refers to arguments for the conclusion reached

context information

Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m (S) Determination or settlement; decision or conclusion after investigation. 2 In law. Sentence, decision, decree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m Determination, decision after investigation. Sentence, decree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—&e. See under निर्णी (nirṇī).

Derivable forms: nirṇayaḥ (निर्णयः).

See also (synonyms): nirṇīta, nirṇetṛ.

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Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—

1) Removing, removal.

2) Complete ascertainment, decision, affirmation, determination, settlement; संदेहनिर्णयो जातः (saṃdehanirṇayo jātaḥ) Ś.1.27; Ms.8.31,49;9.25; Y.2.1; हृदयं निर्णयमेव धावति (hṛdayaṃ nirṇayameva dhāvati) Ki.2.29.

3) Deduction, inference, conclusion, demonstration (in logic).

4) Discussion, investigation, consideration

5) Sentence, verdict, judgment; बाहुवीर्याश्रिते मार्गे वर्तसे दीप्तनिर्णये (bāhuvīryāśrite mārge vartase dīptanirṇaye) Mb. 3.292.2; सर्वज्ञस्याप्येकाकिनो निर्णयाभ्युपगमो दोषाय (sarvajñasyāpyekākino nirṇayābhyupagamo doṣāya) M.1.

6) Application of a conclusive argument.

7) (In Rhet.) Narration of events.

Derivable forms: nirṇayaḥ (निर्णयः).

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Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—

1) Ascertainment, determination.

2) Positive conclusion, settlement.

Derivable forms: nirṇayam (निर्णयम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Certainty, positive conclusion. 2. Doubt, discussion, investigation. 3. (In Law,) Sentence, decision. 4. (In the Mimansa.) The application of a conclusive argument. 5. (In Logic,) Complete ascertainment. E. nir affirmative prefix, ṇī to guide, affix, bhāve ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—i. e. nis-nī + a, m. 1. Removal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 112. 2. Decision, Mahābhārata 13, 7535.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—[masculine] taking away, removal; composing, settling; decision, determination; sentence, verdict ([jurisprudence]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Nirṇaya (निर्णय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in [dharma] See Ācāranirṇaya, Kālanirṇaya, etc. by Gopāla.

2) Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—belonging to the Śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtra. B. 1, 192.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—a etc. See nir-ṇī.

2) [=nir-ṇaya] [from nir-ṇī] b m. taking off, removing, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] complete ascertainment, decision, determination, settlement, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] (in logic) deduction, inference, conclusion, demonstration

5) [v.s. ...] application of a conclusive argument

6) [v.s. ...] (in law) sentence, verdict (cf. -pāda below)

7) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) narration of events, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] discussion, consideration (= vicāra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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