Nirnaya, Nirṇaya: 23 definitions


Nirnaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirnay.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirnaya in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) refers to “ascertainment”, or “settlement”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Nirṇaya (निर्णय, “confutation”) refers to “settlement” or “ascertainment” and represents the ninth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). By rejecting the opposite arguments establishment of the self-opinion is called nirṇaya. Nirṇaya is the last result of tarka. Nirṇaya is a certain knowledge about anything. It is stated in the Nyāyasūtra that nirṇaya is the establishment of something by stating two opposite sides.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirṇaya (निर्णय, “ascertainment”) refers to ‘settlement’ of the plot. Nirṇaya represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Declaration of facts personally known is called Ascertainment (nirṇaya).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) is one of the five types of adhikaraṇa (exegetical format).—Nirṇaya refers to arguments for the conclusion reached

Mimamsa book cover
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—[nirṇayaḥ] Decisissive statements which establish a conclusion, settlement of a subject after detailed consideration of all relevant and related facts

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) refers to the “teaching (concerning the thirty-two syllable vidyā)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Next I will proclaim the teaching concerning the thirty-two (syllable) Vidyā [i.e., vidyā-dvātriṃśa-nirṇaya] by just knowing which one clearly attains insight. Nityā, Klinnā and Raktā (are the goddesses in the transmissions of the) Aged, Youth and the Child. These three divisions are said to be the auspicious arising of the teachers. Other, secondary divisions are (those of) the common initiate, adept and apprentice. [...]”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (shaktism)

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) refers to a “critique” (of a particular doctrine), according to the 17th century Kaulagajamardana (“crushing the Kaula elephant”) authored by Kāśīnātha or Kṛṣṇānandācala.—Accordingly, [as Īśvara said to Pārvatī]: “Listen, O Pārvatī, I shall give a critique (nirṇaya) of the Pāṣaṇḍas. Knowing this, a wise man is not defeated by them. Those devoted to fake observances; those who rebuke the religion of the Vedas; those who have fallen from caste and religious duties; those who have erred and think themselves learned, they are [all] called Pāṣaṇḍas [because] they act contrary to [true] religion. They fall into a terrifying hell until the end of the world. [...]”

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) refers to an “exposition” (of a doctrine or conduct), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “After this, O Śivā, hear the exposition of the Kula Conduct (kulācāranirṇayakulācārasya nirṇayam). After he has joined the tradition of the Siddhas, he should worship his guru as divine. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m (S) Determination or settlement; decision or conclusion after investigation. 2 In law. Sentence, decision, decree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m Determination, decision after investigation. Sentence, decree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—&e. See under निर्णी (nirṇī).

Derivable forms: nirṇayaḥ (निर्णयः).

See also (synonyms): nirṇīta, nirṇetṛ.

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Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—

1) Removing, removal.

2) Complete ascertainment, decision, affirmation, determination, settlement; संदेहनिर्णयो जातः (saṃdehanirṇayo jātaḥ) Ś.1.27; Manusmṛti 8.31,49;9.25; Y.2.1; हृदयं निर्णयमेव धावति (hṛdayaṃ nirṇayameva dhāvati) Kirātārjunīya 2.29.

3) Deduction, inference, conclusion, demonstration (in logic).

4) Discussion, investigation, consideration

5) Sentence, verdict, judgment; बाहुवीर्याश्रिते मार्गे वर्तसे दीप्तनिर्णये (bāhuvīryāśrite mārge vartase dīptanirṇaye) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.292.2; सर्वज्ञस्याप्येकाकिनो निर्णयाभ्युपगमो दोषाय (sarvajñasyāpyekākino nirṇayābhyupagamo doṣāya) M.1.

6) Application of a conclusive argument.

7) (In Rhet.) Narration of events.

Derivable forms: nirṇayaḥ (निर्णयः).

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Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—

1) Ascertainment, determination.

2) Positive conclusion, settlement.

Derivable forms: nirṇayam (निर्णयम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Certainty, positive conclusion. 2. Doubt, discussion, investigation. 3. (In Law,) Sentence, decision. 4. (In the Mimansa.) The application of a conclusive argument. 5. (In Logic,) Complete ascertainment. E. nir affirmative prefix, ṇī to guide, affix, bhāve ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—i. e. nis-nī + a, m. 1. Removal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 112. 2. Decision, Mahābhārata 13, 7535.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय).—[masculine] taking away, removal; composing, settling; decision, determination; sentence, verdict ([jurisprudence]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Nirṇaya (निर्णय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in [dharma] See Ācāranirṇaya, Kālanirṇaya, etc. by Gopāla.

2) Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—belonging to the Śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtra. B. 1, 192.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—a etc. See nir-ṇī.

2) [=nir-ṇaya] [from nir-ṇī] b m. taking off, removing, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] complete ascertainment, decision, determination, settlement, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] (in logic) deduction, inference, conclusion, demonstration

5) [v.s. ...] application of a conclusive argument

6) [v.s. ...] (in law) sentence, verdict (cf. -pāda below)

7) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) narration of events, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] discussion, consideration (= vicāra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय):—[nir-ṇaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Certainty; doubt; decision; demonstration.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiṇṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirnaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirnaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirṇaya (निर्णय) [Also spelled nirnay]:—(nm) a judgment, decision, conclusion; ~[kartā] a judge, referee, umpire.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirṇaya (ನಿರ್ಣಯ):—

1) [noun] a terminating of being terminated; termination.

2) [noun] the act of deciding or settling a dispute or question by giving a judgment.

3) [noun] determination; firmness of mind.

4) [noun] a judgment or conclusion reached or given.

5) [noun] a formal statement of opinion or determination adopted by an assembly or any other formal group;a resolution.

6) [noun] the discrete knowledge about what is right or wrong.

7) [noun] a statement made to explain or to make something clear; explanation.

8) [noun] (logic.) consideration and discussion of alternatives before reaching a decision; deliberations.

9) [noun] ನಿರ್ಣಯ ಮಾಡು [nirnaya madu] nirṇaya māḍu to decide; to judge; ನಿರ್ಣಯವಾಗು [nirnayavagu] nirṇayavāgu to be decided; to be judged.

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Nirnaya (ನಿರ್ನಯ):—[noun] = ನಿರ್ಧಾರ [nirdhara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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