Nirupana, Nirūpaṇa, Nirūpaṇā: 19 definitions


Nirupana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirupan.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) refers to “examination”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.138.—Accordingly, “And [against the thesis of the existence of the external object,] there is not only this [aforementioned] refuting argument (bādhaka) which functions through the means of [valid] knowledge (pramāṇa) [lacking in the case of the external object]; [there is] also [a refuting argument] which functions ‘by itself’ [according to the Vivṛti], that is to say, through the [external object’s] own [nature, or more precisely,] through the awareness arising from the examination of the [contradictory] nature (svarūpa-nirūpaṇa) of the object of knowledge (prameya). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirupana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) refers to an “explanation”, according to the 17th century Yogacintāmaṇi by Śivānanda: a large compilation of roughly 3423 verses dealing with the various methods of (Haṭha) Yoga and Aṣṭāṅgayoga.—Accordingly, “Also in the Layakhaṇḍa, a sequence of Siddhis is taught following an explanation (nirūpaṇa-pūrvaka) of the practice of Samādhi. [This sequence of Siddhis is taught] according to progress in the practice of [Samādhi]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Pratibhā, intuition, and practical knowledge

Nirūpaṇā (निरूपणा) referst to (the three kinds of) “determination”, according to Bhartṛhari’s fifth-century Vākyapadīya—an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with the philosophy of grammar.—Accordingly, “[...] Every object—which has as the basis [for its awareness] a word that conveys it—descends into the domain of action insofar as it is determined by means of recollective determination (smṛti-nirūpaṇā), linguistic determination (abhijalpa-nirūpaṇā), and determination through a form (ākāra-nirūpaṇā). And the distinction amongst musical notes such as ṣaḍja, ṛṣabha, gāndhāra, dhaivata, niṣāda, pañcama, and madhyama—relative to which no commonly known word that conveys them has been established—isn’t determined without an awareness of a word that could serve as the basis for that determination. [...]”.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Nirupana in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) refers to “ascertaining someone’s mind” (by the movement of their eyes and actions), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the importance of hawks]: “[...] To please and protect the people and to test their loyalty or otherwise by keen observation, to take into, and inspire them with confidence or to distrust them, as the case may be, to know their mind by the movement of their eyes and their actions (netraceṣṭā-nirūpaṇa), [...] and such other qualities, which have been highly spoken of in politics [are considered also essential in the art of hawking]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nirūpaṇā (निरूपणा) refers to “examination”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Equipped with the vikalpas of examination (nirūpaṇā) and memory (anusmaraṇa), the mental consciousness, by itself, has a clear notion (saṃjñā) of the object. The other consciousnesses have only a very vague notion. The visual consciousness cognizes blue (nīlaṃ jānāti), but does not know “It is blue” (no tu nīlam iti). In the same way, the auditory consciousness is insufficient to identify a sound; it must be complemented by a mental consciousness.—(See Kośa, I, p. 28, n. 1, on this subject).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nirūpaṇa.—(LP), order for transfer of service; appointment. Note: nirūpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirūpaṇa (निरूपण).—n (S) Describing or delineating. 2 Narrating, declaring, telling, indicating. Ex. tukā mhaṇē nirōpaṇīṃ || śēṭa jhālē brahmajñānī ||; also purāṇīṃ baisatāṃ jāvūna || tōṃ nirōpaṇa nighālēṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirupaṇa (निरुपण).—n Describing. Narrating, declaring.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) or Nirūpaṇā (निरूपणा).—

1) Form, shape.

2) Sight, seeing.

3) Looking for, searching.

4) Ascertaining, investigation; determination.

5) Definition.

Derivable forms: nirūpaṇam (निरूपणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Sight, seeing. 2. Doubt, discussion, investigation. 3 Ascertaining, determining. 4. Searching, looking for. 5. Form, shape. E. ni implying certainty, rūpa to have form, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण).—i. e. ni-rūp + ana, I. adj. Determining, Sāh. D. 8, 14. Ii. n. 1. Shape, Mahābhārata 3, 2802. 2. Determining, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 3, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण).—[adjective] (—°) & [neuter] determining, defining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण):—[=ni-rūpaṇa] [from ni-rūp] mfn. stating, determining, defining (ifc.), [chapter] of [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) Nirūpaṇā (निरूपणा):—[=ni-rūpaṇā] [from ni-rūpaṇa > ni-rūp] f. the act of stating etc., [Śaṃkarācārya]

3) Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण):—[=ni-rūpaṇa] [from ni-rūp] n. idem, [Purāṇa; Śaṃkarācārya; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

4) [v.s. ...] looking into, searching, investigation, examination, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] sight, appearance, form, shape, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण):—[nir-ūpaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Sight; search; doubt; ascertaining; appointing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇirūvaṇa, Ṇirūvaṇayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirupana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirupana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirūpaṇa (निरूपण) [Also spelled nirupan]:—(nm) representation; portrayal; characterisation; explanation; demonstration.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirūpaṇa (ನಿರೂಪಣ):—[noun] = ನಿರೂಪಣೆ [nirupane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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