Nikama, Nikāma: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Nikama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nikāma (निकाम) refers to an “abundance” (of rain), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the second yuga are known as—1. Aṅgirā, 2. Śrīmukha 3. Bhāva, 4. Yuvā and 5. Dhātā. Of these, during the first three years mankind will enjoy happiness and during the last two they will not enjoy much of it. In the first three of the above five years there will be abundance of rain [i.e., nikāma-varṣin] and mankind will be freed from fears and anxieties; in the last two years the rainfall will be moderate but disease and wars will afflict mankind”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nikāma (निकाम) refers to “desire”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “O gentle lady, I cannot understand anything. Your penance is wonderful. Your body is not charred by the fire. Still your desire remains unsatiated so far. O gentle lady, let me know about your desire [i.e., nikāma]; I am a Brahmin who can bestow pleasure upon everyone. Please tell me everything truly and methodically. Since we have become friends nothing should be kept a secret from me”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nikāma, (Vedic nikāma, ni+kāma) desire, pleasure, longing: only in cpds.; see nanikāma.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nikāma (निकाम).—a. [ni kam ghañ]

1) Plentiful, copious, abundant; निकामजलां स्रोतोवहाम् (nikāmajalāṃ srotovahām) Ś.6.16.

2) Desirous of.

-maḥ, mam Wish, desire; हातुं प्रचक्रमे राजां तां पुरीमनिकामतः (hātuṃ pracakrame rājāṃ tāṃ purīmanikāmataḥ) Bhāg. 4.28.1.

-mam ind.

1) According to one's wish or desire, agreeably to desire.

2) To one's satisfaction, to the heart's content; रात्रौ निकामं शयितव्यमपि नास्ति (rātrau nikāmaṃ śayitavyamapi nāsti) Ś.2 'I cannot even sleep at ease or comfortably at night'.

3) Very much, exceedingly; निकामं क्षामाङ्गी (nikāmaṃ kṣāmāṅgī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.3; often used as the first member of comp. when it loses its final म् (m); निकामनिरङ्कुशः (nikāmaniraṅkuśaḥ) Gītagovinda 7; Kumārasambhava 5.23; Śiśupālavadha 4.54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikāma (निकाम).—n. adv.

(-maṃ) Voluntarily, willingly, implying certainty. E. ni, kāma will.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikāma (निकाम).—i. e. ni-kam + a, I. m. Desire. Ii. ºmam, acc. adv. 1. Willingly, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 2, 24. 2. At one’s own discretion, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 417.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikāma (निकाम).—1. [masculine] desire, wish, pleasure, satisfaction; °—, [accusative], & [ablative] in tas [adverb]

--- OR ---

Nikāma (निकाम).—2. [adjective] desirous, eager, greedy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nikāma (निकाम):—[=ni-kāma] [from ni-kam] m. desire, wish, pleasure, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] ind. [in the beginning of a compound], = (am) according to wish or desire, to one’s heart’s content, abundantly, excessively, [Varāha-mihira; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc. (cf. yadā-nikāmam)

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. desirous, covetous, greedy, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an Agni, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikāma (निकाम):—[ni-kāma] (maṃ) adv. Voluntarily.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nikāma (निकाम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇikāma, Ṇigāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nikama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇikāma (णिकाम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nikāma.

2) Ṇikāma (णिकाम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nikāma.

3) Ṇikāma (णिकाम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nikāma.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nikāma (ನಿಕಾಮ):—

1) [adjective] very plentiful; ample; abundant; copious.

2) [adjective] desiring or desirous of.

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Nikāma (ನಿಕಾಮ):—[noun] great plenty; abundance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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