Murdhaja, Mūrdhaja, Murdhan-ja: 8 definitions
Murdhaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज) refers to the “hair”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] (The gross form has) five faces, ten arms and, pure, it has a smiling face. [...] She has beautiful eyebrows and nose and long eyes [i.e., dīrghākṣī]. (Her) hair is tied together in a topknot [i.e., śikhākuñcita-mūrdhajā]. She has beautiful ears, hands and cheeks and is adorned with beautiful earrings. She has beautiful arms, throat and heart and her breasts are fat and upraised. The middle part (of her belly) is crinkled with three (charming) folds and she is adorned with a line of hair (that travels down from the navel). [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVI).—Accordingly, “King Ting cheng (Mūrdhaja) reigned over the four continents (cāturdvīpaka); the heavens rained down [on him] the seven jewels (saptaratna) and the things he needed; Śakra devānām indra shared his seat with him and made him sit beside him; nevertheless, despite all his wealth, he was unable to obtain the Path”.
Māndhātar, surnamed Mūrdhaja because he was born from a bump on his father’s head, reigned in the western kingdom and successively conquered those of the south, the east and the north. He possessed the seven jewels of a cakravartin king and, when he closed his left hand and touched it with his right hand, the sky rained down a shower of the seven kinds of jewels, which accumulated up to the height of his knees. He went to visit the world of the gods and reigned first over the heaven of the Caturmahārājikas. From there, he went to the heaven of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Śakra took him by the hand and made him sit beside him. Māndhatar then sought to take over Śakra’s throne, but he was sent back at once to earth where he died of sickness.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) the hair (of the head); पर्याकुला मूर्धजाः (paryākulā mūrdhajāḥ) Ś.1.3; विललाप विकीर्णमूर्धजा (vilalāpa vikīrṇamūrdhajā) Kumārasambhava 4.4 'she tore her hair for grief'.
2) the mane.
3) a crown, helmet; विमुक्तमूर्धजा ये च ये चापि हतवाहनाः (vimuktamūrdhajā ye ca ye cāpi hatavāhanāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.5.12.
Derivable forms: mūrdhajaḥ (मूर्धजः).
Mūrdhaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mūrdhan and ja (ज).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज).—i. e. mūrdhan-ja, m. Hair, the hair of the head, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 29.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज).—[masculine] [plural] hair or mane (l. head-born).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज):—[=mūrdha-ja] [from mūrdha > mūrdhan] m. [plural] ‘head-born’, the hair of the h°, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] the mane, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Cakravartin, [Buddhist literature]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Dhvastamurdhaja, Harimurdhaja, Kathinamurdhaja, Kunchitamurdhaja, Kuncitamurdhaja, Luncitamurdhaja, Muktamurdhaja, Patitamurdhaja, Prakirnambaramurdhaja, Pravaramurdhaja, Sumurdhaja, Vanamurdhaja, Vikirnamurdhaja, Vikritamurdhaja, Vimurdhaja, Vyakulamurdhaja.
Full-text (+1): Patitamurdhaja, Vikirnamurdhaja, Vimurdhaja, Murdhvaja, Pravaramurdhaja, Muktamurdhaja, Dhvastamurdhaja, Vyakulamurdhaja, Prakirnambaramurdhaja, Vikritamurdhaja, Luncitamurdhaja, Harimurdhaja, Kathinamurdhaja, Jatamukuta, Kakapada, Shikhanda, Kuncitamurdhaja, Raga, Shikha, Tamra.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Murdhaja, Murdha-ja, Mūrdha-ja, Mūrdhaja, Murdhan-ja, Mūrdhan-ja; (plurals include: Murdhajas, jas, Mūrdhajas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 2 - The story of king Mūrdhaja (Māndhātar) < [Chapter XXVI - Exertion]
Part 1 - Exertion (vīrya), fourth virtue < [Chapter XXVI - Exertion]
Part 14 - The omniscient Buddha < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
Vastu-shastra (5): Temple Architecture (by D. N. Shukla)
Tibetan tales (derived from Indian sources) (by W. R. S. Ralston)
Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich)
Chapter 2 - The genealogy of Mahāsammata < [Book 1 - The beginning of the story of the Doctrine]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)