Murdhaja, Mūrdhaja, Murdhan-ja: 8 definitions


Murdhaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज) refers to the “hair”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] (The gross form has) five faces, ten arms and, pure, it has a smiling face. [...] She has beautiful eyebrows and nose and long eyes [i.e., dīrghākṣī]. (Her) hair is tied together in a topknot [i.e., śikhākuñcita-mūrdhajā]. She has beautiful ears, hands and cheeks and is adorned with beautiful earrings. She has beautiful arms, throat and heart and her breasts are fat and upraised. The middle part (of her belly) is crinkled with three (charming) folds and she is adorned with a line of hair (that travels down from the navel). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of murdhaja in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVI).—Accordingly, “King Ting cheng (Mūrdhaja) reigned over the four continents (cāturdvīpaka); the heavens rained down [on him] the seven jewels (saptaratna) and the things he needed; Śakra devānām indra shared his seat with him and made him sit beside him; nevertheless, despite all his wealth, he was unable to obtain the Path”.

Māndhātar, surnamed Mūrdhaja because he was born from a bump on his father’s head, reigned in the western kingdom and successively conquered those of the south, the east and the north. He possessed the seven jewels of a cakravartin king and, when he closed his left hand and touched it with his right hand, the sky rained down a shower of the seven kinds of jewels, which accumulated up to the height of his knees. He went to visit the world of the gods and reigned first over the heaven of the Caturmahārājikas. From there, he went to the heaven of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Śakra took him by the hand and made him sit beside him. Māndhatar then sought to take over Śakra’s throne, but he was sent back at once to earth where he died of sickness.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of murdhaja in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज).—

1) the hair (of the head); पर्याकुला मूर्धजाः (paryākulā mūrdhajāḥ) Ś.1.3; विललाप विकीर्णमूर्धजा (vilalāpa vikīrṇamūrdhajā) Kumārasambhava 4.4 'she tore her hair for grief'.

2) the mane.

3) a crown, helmet; विमुक्तमूर्धजा ये च ये चापि हतवाहनाः (vimuktamūrdhajā ye ca ye cāpi hatavāhanāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.5.12.

Derivable forms: mūrdhajaḥ (मूर्धजः).

Mūrdhaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mūrdhan and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज).—i. e. mūrdhan-ja, m. Hair, the hair of the head, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज).—[masculine] [plural] hair or mane (l. head-born).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mūrdhaja (मूर्धज):—[=mūrdha-ja] [from mūrdha > mūrdhan] m. [plural] ‘head-born’, the hair of the h°, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the mane, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Cakravartin, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Murdhaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of murdhaja in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: