Sindura, Sindūra: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sindura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sindūra (सिन्दूर) refers to either “red lead”, “mercury oxide” or “vermilion” (powdered mineral cinnabar). It is used in Ayurvedic literature such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit book on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Sindūra (सिन्दूर).—Red lead (sindūra) was used in ancient paintings and its hue is light, used by western Indian painters. The colour was prepared by roasting white lead in open air till it attained deep colour. The nῑm gum was used as a medium with it.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Sindūra (सिन्दूर) is the name of a member of the mahāparṣad (assembly) mentioned in the “Ciñcaṇī plate of the reign of Cittarāja”. Accordingly, “Now, while the Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara, the illustrious Cāmuṇḍarāja, who, by his religious merit, has obtained the right to the five mahāśabdas... is governing Saṃyāna, he addresses all persons, whether connected with himself or others (such as Sindūra)...”.

This plate (mentioning Sindūra) was found together with eight others at Chincaṇī in the Ḍahāṇu tāluka of the Ṭhāṇā District, North Koṅkaṇ, in 1955. The object of the inscription is to record the grant, by Cāmuṇḍarāja, of a ghāṇaka (oil-mill) in favour of the temple Kautuka-maṭhikā of the goddess Bhagavatī at Saṃyāna. The gift was made by pouring out water on the hand of the Svādhyāyika (scholar) Vīhaḍa, on the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight (i.e. amāvāsyā) of Bhādrapada in the śaka year 956.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sindūra.—(IA 19), corruption of sindhura, an elephant. Note: sindūra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sindura in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sindūra : (m.) red arsenic.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sindūra (सिंदूर).—m n (S Popularly śēndūra) Red lead, minium.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sindura (सिंदुर).—m n Red lead.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sindūra (सिन्दूर).—[syand-uran saṃprasāraṇam Uṇ.1.68] A kind of tree.

-ram Red lead; स्वयं सिन्दूरेण द्विपरणमुदा मुद्रित इव (svayaṃ sindūreṇa dviparaṇamudā mudrita iva) Gīt.11; N.22.45.

Derivable forms: sindūraḥ (सिन्दूरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sindūra (सिन्दूर).—n.

(-raṃ) Red lead, minium. m.

(-raḥ) A sort of tree. f. (-rī) 1. Red cloth or clothes. 2. Rochani, (a sort of Crinum.) 3. A plant, (Lythrum fruticosum.) E. syanda to ooze, Unadi aff. ūran; also sindura

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sindūra (सिन्दूर).— (vb. syand ?), I. m. A sort of tree. Ii. f. . 1. Red clothes. 2. The name of two plants. Iii. n. Red lead, minium, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 24; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 23, 78 (red colour).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sindūra (सिन्दूर).—[neuter] red lead, minium.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sindūra (सिन्दूर):—m. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 69], [from] √syand) a sort of tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) a proper Name [Catalogue(s)]

3) n. red lead, minium, vermilion, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

4) (= rakta-śāsana, rāja-lekha, and rāja-lekhitadakṣiṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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