Mitravaruna, Mitrāvaruṇa: 3 definitions


Mitravaruna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mitravaruna in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mitrāvaruṇa (मित्रावरुण).—The combined name of two of the Dvādaśādityas (twelve Sūryas) Mitra and Varuṇa. These two are always seen together. Agastya and Vasiṣṭha were born as sons of Mitrāvaruṇa. It was due to a curse by Mitrāvaruṇas that Urvaśī had to marry King Purūravas, a man of the earth. Manu had no children and he performed a yāga to placate Mitrāvaruṇas. But since there were many faults in the ceremony a girl was born to him. (For details see under Ilā, Nimi, Urvaśī, Vasiṣṭha and Mitra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mitrāvaruṇa (मित्रावरुण).—The scrotum of the Supreme Being;1 father of Agastya and Vasiṣṭha by dropping semon in a jar at the sight of Ūrvaśī2 cursed Ūrvaśī to be born a human being;3 in the course of a ritual in their honour done by Manu was born Ilā.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 32.
  • 2) Ib. VI. 18. 5-6; IX. 13. 6.
  • 3) Ib. IX. 14. 17.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 99; 60. 5 & 8.

1b) A Vāsiṣṭha Brahmavādin.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 110.

1c) One of the 16 Ṛtviks for yajña; issued from the back of Nārāyaṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 167. 8.

1d) The two Vedic deities in whose honour Prajāpati made a sacrifice out of which came Iḍā;1 into their tejas the soul of Vasiṣṭha entered, cursed by Nimi; they met Ūrvaśī and Vasiṣṭha took another body from her.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 6-7.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 11-12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mitravaruna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mitrāvaruṇa (मित्रावरुण).—[masculine] [dual] Mitra and Varuṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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