Mauktika: 9 definitions

Introduction

Mauktika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mauktika (मौक्तिक, “Pearl”):—One of the nine gems (navaratna) according to the 13th century Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

The Pearl (mauktika) has the following Pharmaco-therapeutic properties:

  • pittadoṣa-pacifying,
  • acts as bṛṃhaṇa (strengthening) and vṛṣya (aphrodisiac),
  • destroys kāsa, śvāsa, agnimāndya, kṣaya, dāha, unmāda or kaphaja-unmāda and the diseases caused by vātadoṣa.

It may be used in all times (seasons).

Superior: The best and pure of Pearls are considered to be possessed of the following properties: Pleasure-giving, white and clear like rays, roundin shape, looking clear like water, greasy, heavy in weight and big in size.

Inferior: Pearls should totally be discarded if they contain the following properties: Rough on surface, less shining, blackish or reddish in colour, half white, having knots (nodules), appearing like a kṣāra, unstraight, available in pairs, and associated with doṣas mentioned above.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mauktika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) refers to “pearl”, representing the material of Soma’s liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] Goddess Lakṣmī took a crystal liṅga. The Ādityas (the twelve suns) took liṅgas made of copper. The Moon (Soma) took a liṅga made of pearl (Mauktika-liṅga) and the god of fire took a liṅga of diamond. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n S A pearl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n A pearl.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—[muktaiva svārthe ṭhak] A pearl; गारुमतं च माणिक्यं मौक्तिकं श्रेष्ठमेव हि (gārumataṃ ca māṇikyaṃ mauktikaṃ śreṣṭhameva hi) Śukra.4.162; मोक्तिकं न गजे गजे (moktikaṃ na gaje gaje) Subhāṣ.

Derivable forms: mauktikam (मौक्तिकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A pearl. E. muktā a pearl, ṭhak pleonastic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—[adjective] desirous of emancipation; [neuter] ([masculine]) a pearl.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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