Mauktika: 18 definitions


Mauktika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mauktika (मौक्तिक, “Pearl”):—One of the nine gems (navaratna) according to the 13th century Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

The Pearl (mauktika) has the following Pharmaco-therapeutic properties:

  • pittadoṣa-pacifying,
  • acts as bṛṃhaṇa (strengthening) and vṛṣya (aphrodisiac),
  • destroys kāsa, śvāsa, agnimāndya, kṣaya, dāha, unmāda or kaphaja-unmāda and the diseases caused by vātadoṣa.

It may be used in all times (seasons).

Superior: The best and pure of Pearls are considered to be possessed of the following properties: Pleasure-giving, white and clear like rays, roundin shape, looking clear like water, greasy, heavy in weight and big in size.

Inferior: Pearls should totally be discarded if they contain the following properties: Rough on surface, less shining, blackish or reddish in colour, half white, having knots (nodules), appearing like a kṣāra, unstraight, available in pairs, and associated with doṣas mentioned above.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mauktika in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) refers to “pearl”, representing the material of Soma’s liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] Goddess Lakṣmī took a crystal liṅga. The Ādityas (the twelve suns) took liṅgas made of copper. The Moon (Soma) took a liṅga made of pearl (Mauktika-liṅga) and the god of fire took a liṅga of diamond. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) represents the food taken in the month Magha for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Magha, the tooth-brush is that of plakṣa-wood. The food taken is mauktika. The deity to be worshipped is Naṭeśvara. The flowers used in worship are karavīra. The naivedya offerings is kṛśara. The result  accrued is vahusvama.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mauktika (मौक्तिक ) refers to “pearls”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Revatī will be dealers in water-flowers, salt, gems, conch shells, pearls (mauktika ), creatures of water, fragrant flowers and perfumes; they may also be boat-men. Those who are born on the lunar day of Aśvinī will keep horses, will be commanders of army; physicians, servants, dealers in horse, riders, tradesmen or masters of horses”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mauktika in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) refers to a “pearl”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] [The yogin] who has remained in absorption continually for twenty-four years, [gains] the Siddhi of the Śakti element. Indeed, he becomes absorbed in the Śakti element.  [The Yogin] will see the entire universe like a pearl (mauktika) held in [his] hand and truly understand its essential nature [to be] in his own body. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) refers to “pearl (festoons)” which were commonly used to decorate the rooms attached to the Vimānas (temple complex) of ancient India, as vividly depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 92.24-31: [...] Such was the external appearance of Vimāna but in its middle portion or inside there were living apartments with rooms or retiring chambers beautified all-round with pearl-festoons (mauktika-jāla-mālā) furnished with a bed spread of chalcedony and blue stone, foot-stool of emerald, placed on a floor of precious stones and furnished above with a devāṅga cloth and upper canopy like devadūṣya cloth.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n S A pearl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n A pearl.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—[muktaiva svārthe ṭhak] A pearl; गारुमतं च माणिक्यं मौक्तिकं श्रेष्ठमेव हि (gārumataṃ ca māṇikyaṃ mauktikaṃ śreṣṭhameva hi) Śukra.4.162; मोक्तिकं न गजे गजे (moktikaṃ na gaje gaje) Subhāṣ.

Derivable forms: mauktikam (मौक्तिकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A pearl. E. muktā a pearl, ṭhak pleonastic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—i. e. muktā + ika, n. A pearl, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 78.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक).—[adjective] desirous of emancipation; [neuter] ([masculine]) a pearl.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mauktika (मौक्तिक):—mfn. ([from] mukti) striving after final emancipation, [Pañcatantra]

2) m. (only in [Mahābhārata]) n. ([from] muktā; [compound] f(ā). ) a pearl (properly ‘a collection of p°’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauktika (मौक्तिक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A pearl.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mauktika (मौक्तिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Mutti, Muttia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mauktika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mauktika (ಮೌಕ್ತಿಕ):—[noun] a smooth lustrous round structure inside the shell of a clam or oyster; much valued as a jewel; a pearl.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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