Mauna: 19 definitions


Mauna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Maun.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mauna (मौन) or Maunatapasya refers to the “penance of silence”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.5. Accordingly, as Nārada instructed Sandhyā:—“[...] the whole penance (tapasya) begins with silence (mauna). I shall explain it. Listen. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mauna (मौन).—Eleven of them ruled as kings, (18 kings, Vāyu-purāṇa.); for three centuries, while the total reign of Ābhīras, Gardabhins, Kankas, Yavanas, Turuṣkas and Guruṇḍas amounted to 1099 (1009 Viṣṇu-purāṇa) years. Thereafter came the Maunas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 30-32; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 173-7; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 360; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 53-54.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mauna (मौन) or Maunavrata refers to the “vow of silence”, according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā verse 18-119-12.—Accordingly, “Washing first (his) food with water, he should eat it with the left hand. Maintaining the vow of purity and silence [i.e., mauna-vrata], (he should remains) concentrated and content. All the food he has earned is the sacrificial pap (caruka) he eats. The pervasion (vyāpti) (of the deity) and success in the repetition of mantra (japasiddhi) arise due to that. This should be done in one's own home or in a secluded place where there are no other people. Otherwise, the householder should not do it”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Mauna (मौन) refers to one of the ten Niyamas (restraint) prescribed for forest dwelling, as mentioned in the the Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra.—The Mānasollāsa verse 9.21-24ab lists thirty Yamas and Niyamas. The Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra (8.4), whose date has been estimated between the fourth and eighth centuries, is the earliest source for a list of twenty Yamas and Niyamas [e.g., mauna]. These were prescribed to a sage at the forest dwelling (vanāśrama) stage of life.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Mauna (मौन) refers to “silence”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as Agastya-Ṛṣi taught the offering manual] “O Bhagavān, having recited the Great Ṛṣi heart[-mantra] spell into a water-pot 108 times facing east, one should scatter [the water] in the four directions with Ṛṣi-silence (mauna). [...] One should recite thus seven times. Upon reciting this all hostile Nāgas become inflamed [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māūna (माऊन).—n A purgative drug, Mana.

--- OR ---

mauna (मौन).—n (S) Silence. 2 Taciturnity.

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mauna (मौन).—a S Dumb or silent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mauna (मौन).—a Silent or dumb.

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mauna (मौन).—n Silence; taciturnity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mauna (मौन).—[munerbhāvaḥ aṇ]

1) Silence, taciturnity; विभूषणं मौनमपण्डितानाम् (vibhūṣaṇaṃ maunamapaṇḍitānām) Bhartṛhari 2.7; मौनं सर्वार्थसाधनम् (maunaṃ sarvārthasādhanam) 'open your lips'; मौनं समाचर (maunaṃ samācara) 'hold your tongue'.

2) The unblooming state (apraphullībhāva); गुञ्जति मञ्जु मिलिन्दे मा मालति मौनमुपयासीः (guñjati mañju milinde mā mālati maunamupayāsīḥ) Bv.1.19.

Derivable forms: maunam (मौनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mauna (मौन).—[, read maula, q.v., Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 16.14.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauna (मौन).—n.

(-naṃ) Silence, taciturnity. E. muni a sage, (who practises,) aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauna (मौन).—i. e. muni + a, n. Silence, taciturnity, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 134, M.M.; [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 51.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauna (मौन).—[neuter] the condition of a Muni or holy sage; silence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mauna (मौन):—m. ([from] muni) a [patronymic] [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [plural] Name of a dynasty, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) n. the office or position of a Muni or holy sage, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

4) silence, taciturnity, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.] (maunaṃ with √kṛ, or vi-√dhā or sam-ā-√car, to observe silence, hold one’s tongue).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mauna (मौन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Silence.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mauna (मौन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Mūṇa, Moṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mauna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mauna (मौन) [Also spelled maun]:—(a) mum, quiet, quiescent, silent, speechless, mute; tacit; (nm) silence, quiescence; —[bhaṃga] breaking the spell of silence; speaking out; —[mudrā] quiescence, adoption of silence; —[vrata] a vow to keep quiet, to adopt silence; ~[vrata/vratadhārī] one who has taken a vow for silence; —[sammati] tacit concurrence; [maunaṃ sammati lakṣaṇam] quiescence reflects tacit concurrence, silence is half-consent; —[toḍanā] to break a (prolonged) spell of silence, to break one’s silence; —[lenā/-sādhanā] to observe silence, to take a vow to keep silence.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mauna (ಮೌನ):—

1) [noun] the state or fact of keeping silent; a refraining from speech or from making noise.

2) [noun] the period during which one refrains from talking as a religious vow.

3) [noun] absence of sound; silence.

4) [noun] speechlessness caused by the agony of being separated from one’s lover.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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