Matsyakshi, Matsya-akshi, Matsyākṣī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Matsyakshi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Matsyākṣī can be transliterated into English as Matsyaksi or Matsyakshi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Matsyakshi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी) is another name (synonym) for Pattūra, which is a Sanskrit name referring to to Alternanthera sessilis (dwarf copperleaf), from the Amaranthaceae family. Certain plant parts of Pattūra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी) is another name for Kākamācī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum nigrum Linn. (or ‘black nightshade’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.133-135 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Matsyākṣī and Kākamācī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Brāhmī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.63-66. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Suvarcalā and Brāhmī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra identifies Brāhmī with 1) Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban. while Bāpālāl and Th. B.S. et al identify it with 2) Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell.

3) Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with either (1) the Kannada synonym Hongonda—Alternanthera sessilis or (2) Enhydra fluctuans Lour., according to verse 5.127 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.

Matsyākṣī is mentioned as having four synonyms: Brāhmī, Vayasyā, Mīnākṣī and Somavallarī.

Properties and characteristics: “Matsyākṣī is cooling (śiśira), appetiser (rucya) and useful in wounds and tuberculosis”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Alternanthera sessilis L. DC” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning matsyākṣī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matsyakshi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी).—Name of a kind of Soma plant.

Matsyākṣī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms matsya and akṣī (अक्षी). See also (synonyms): matsyākṣakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी).—f. (-ścī) The moon-plant, (Asclepias acida.) E. matsya a fish, akṣa an eye, aff. ṅīṣ; to which the flowers are compared.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी):—[from matsya > matsa] f. = [preceding] m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Hincha Repens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Solanum Indicum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of grass (= gaṇḍa-dūrvā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsyākṣī (मत्स्याक्षी):—[matsyā+kṣī] (kṣī) 3. f. The moon plant.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matsyakshi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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