Matarisvan, Matarishvan, Mātariśvan: 11 definitions


Matarisvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mātariśvan can be transliterated into English as Matarisvan or Matarishvan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Matarisvan in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्).—A devatā (demigod). There are several stories in the Vedas regarding the birth of Agni (fire). Though Agni originating from the clouds reaches the earth as lightning it hides itself making it invisible to man. It was Mātariśvan who took its form from the earth and gave it to the Bhṛgu family and made it possible for them to make it as and when it was required. (Ṛgveda).

This Mātariśvan was one of the prominent sons of Garuḍa. (Śloka 14, Chapter 10, Udyoga Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Matarisvan in Ayurveda glossary

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्) (lit. “one who flies in the sky”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Matarisvan in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

According to the Rig Veda, Matarisvan is the name of the man who first brought Agni, the fire to man kind, the equivalent of Prometheus from Greek Mythology.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matarisvan in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्).—[mātari antarīkṣe śvayati vardhate śvi kanin ḍiñca aluk sa° Uṇ 1.156] Wind; पुनरुषसि विविक्तैर्मातरिश्वावचूर्ण्य ज्वलयति मदनाग्निं मालतीनां रजोभिः (punaruṣasi viviktairmātariśvāvacūrṇya jvalayati madanāgniṃ mālatīnāṃ rajobhiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 11.17; Kirātārjunīya 5.36; मातरिश्वा वायुर्मातर्यन्तरिक्षे श्वसिति मातर्याशु अनिति वा (mātariśvā vāyurmātaryantarikṣe śvasiti mātaryāśu aniti vā) Nir.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्).—m.

(-śvā) Air, wind. E. mātṛ space in the seventh case, in the heavens, śvi to increase, Unadi aff. manin

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्).—i. e. mātṛ + i-śvan (vb. śvi), m. Air, wind, Chr. 27, 4; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 36; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्).—[masculine] [Name] of a divine being closely connected with Agni, or of A. himself.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्):—[=mātari-śvan] [from mātari > mātṛ] m. (mātari-; [probably], ‘growing in the m°’ id est. in the fire-stick, [from] √śvi) Name of Agni or of a divine being closely connected with him (the messenger of Vivasvat, who brings down the hidden Fire to the Bhṛgus, and is identified by, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 93, 6] with Vāyu, the Wind), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] (doubtful for, [Ṛg-veda]) air, wind, breeze, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (cf. [Nirukta, by Yāska vii, 26])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātariśvan (मातरिश्वन्):—(śvā) 5. m. Air, wind.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matarisvan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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