Vistirna, Vistīrṇa, Vistīrṇā: 19 definitions


Vistirna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vistirn.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Vistīrṇā (विस्तीर्णा) refers to a “creeper” (viz., a creeping plant), as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms for Vīrudh or Latā, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Vistīrṇā] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) (Cf. Suvistīrṇa) refers to “broad” (e.g., one who has ‘broad’ thighs), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “His heart is uplifted and his nose and the rest (of his face) is well balanced. The sign of one who is well accomplished is that he is well behaved and he produces abundance. His foot is upraised and his thighs are broad [i.e., vistīrṇa], the forehead is well balanced. He is accomplished from a previous life and is Bhairava. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) refers to “broad (loins)” [?], according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Śakti]:—[...] She is anointed with divine ointments and she is dressed in divine clothes, with her loins exposed (vistīrṇa-jaghana-antarā). Her thighs and shanks are beautiful. Her body is the ultimate essence of gracefulness. Her feet are embellished with anklets. She wears divine garlands and [has been anointed] with divine ointments. She is delighted by the wine she is enjoying. Her body is filled with passion. She is restless with wantonness. [This is how the Yogin] should visualise his lover as Śakti, O Maheśvarī”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) refers to “widespread (fame)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[...] Ambarīśa, Śuka, Alarka, Māndhātṛ, Purūravas, Rājoparicara, Dhundhu, Śibi and Śrutakīrtana—those Kings of old attained Universal Sovereignty after performing this. They became free of diseases and free of enemies. Their fame was widely spread and blameless (vistīrṇavistīrṇāmalakīrtayaḥ)”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vistirna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) or Suvistīrṇa refers to a “large and spacious (maṇḍapa)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.38 (“Description of the dais or maṇḍapa”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] He called Viśvakarman and requested him to erect a large and spacious (su-vistīrṇa) dais beautiful with side rostrums, altars etc. The dais, O celestial sage, was ten thousand Yojanas wide. It was wonderfully constructed and had all the characteristic features. All the mobile and immobile objects of the world were represented there with realistic appearance. Everything was wonderfully portrayed. The mobile objects presented there surpassed the immobile ones and the immobile ones surpassed the mobile ones in excellence. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vistirna in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) refers to “broad” (e.g., “making the chest broad”), according to the Jayākhyasaṃhitā verse 33.19.—Accordingly, “[The Yogin] should make the joints of his body loose, his chest broad (vistīrṇa) and shoulders comfortable. Having made his arms relaxed, he should slightly tilt the head [down]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) refers to “(that which is) extensive” (i.e., the sky), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this had been said, the Lord said to the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja: ‘Just as the sky is unlimited, in the same way, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift making his mind endless. Just as the sky is extensive (vistīrṇa) and without obstacle, in the same way, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift as the transformation for awakening. Just as there is no material in the sky, thus, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift not being dependent on any material. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) refers to a “great (joy)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The doctrine is able to produce the happiness which is the best part of the city of the chief of the snakes. The doctrine is the great joy conveyed to the world of mortals  [com.datta-manuṣyaloka-vistīrṇa-prema—‘the great joy granted to the human world’] for those possessing a desire for that. The doctrine is the place of the arising of the taste for the constant happiness in the city of heaven. Does not the doctrine make a man fit for pleasure with a woman [in the form] of liberation?”.

Synonyms: Vipula.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण).—p Spread out, expanded.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण).—p. p.

1) Spread out, expanded, extended.

2) Wide, broad; विस्तीर्णं योजनं स्निग्धं ततो द्विगुणमायतम् (vistīrṇaṃ yojanaṃ snigdhaṃ tato dviguṇamāyatam) Rām.7.13.3.

3) Large, great, extensive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण).—adj.-ppp., nt. °ṇam, (supply) in full, like vistaraḥ, °reṇa (see vistara 2) used to mark abbreviation of a fuller text: yadā dāni ekaṃ pārśvaṃ pakvaṃ bhavati, vistīrṇam, atha dvitīyena pārśvena Mahāvastu i.25.7. So I inter- pret the word; Senart's interpretation seems to me im- possible; I admit, however, that I do not know the full text here abbreviated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Large, roomy, great. 2. Spread, expanded. 3. Broad. E. vi before stṛ to cover or spread, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण).—[adjective] strewed, scattered, covered; spread, expanded, developed, broad, wide, ample, numerous, far-sounding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण):—[=vi-stīrṇa] [from vi-stṛ] mfn. strewn or covered or studded with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] spread out, expanded, broad, large, great, copious, numerous, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] extensive, long (as a tale), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] far-sounding, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण):—[vi-stīrṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a. Large; spread.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vittiṇṇa, Vitthinna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vistirna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vistirna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vistīrṇa (विस्तीर्ण) [Also spelled vistirn]:—(a) expanded, spread out; spacious; elaborate, copious; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vistīrṇa (ವಿಸ್ತೀರ್ಣ):—[adjective] broad; wide.

--- OR ---

Vistīrṇa (ವಿಸ್ತೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [noun] breadth; width.

2) [noun] the quality or fact of being large; largeness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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