Prema: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prema means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prem.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Prema (प्रेम) refers to “pure love for Kṛṣṇa, which is extremely concentrated, which completely melts the heart, and which gives rise to a deep sense of mamatā, or possessiveness, in relationship to Him”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Prema (प्रेम) refers to:—(1) love for Śrī Kṛṣṇa which is extremely concentrated, which completely melts the heart and which gives rise to a deep sense of possessiveness (mamatā), in relation to Śrī Kṛṣṇa; (2) when bhāva becomes firmly rooted and unchecked by any obstacle it is known as prema. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Prema (प्रेम) refers to:—Extremely concentrated love for the Supreme Personality of Godhead that completely melts the heart and gives rise to a deep sense of mamatā (possessiveness) in relation to the Lord. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prema (प्रेम) or Preman refers to “emotions of love”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.24. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on hearing her [Satī’s] words Rāma became happy, his eyes shining with brilliance. He thought upon his lord Śiva. Emotions of love (prema) swelled in his heart. O sage, without the specific permission of Śatī he did not go near Śiva. Describing his greatness Rāma spoke to Satī again”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Premā (प्रेमा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as उ.उ.इ.उ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find twenty examples of Premā variety of Upajāti metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.6. [...] The other examples are as follows: IV.8, IV.11, IV.23, IV.30, IV.50, X.1, X.8, X.15, X.19, X.20, X.25, X.33, XI.2, XI.10, XI.12, XIV.30, XIV.35, XIV.40 and XIV.44.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Premā (प्रेमा) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Premā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prēma (प्रेम).—m (S) Love, affection, kindness, tender regard. 2 Divine love. 3 The rising and forthflowing of affection or tenderness. v .

--- OR ---

prēmā (प्रेमा).—m S Affection or kindness. 2 The overflowing or swelling of love or tenderness. v .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prēma (प्रेम) [-mā, -मा].—m Love, affection. Divine love.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prema (प्रेम).—(adj. —°) = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prema (प्रेम):—[from prī] 1. prema (ifc. f(ā). ) = preman love, affection (cf. sa-p)

2) Premā (प्रेमा):—[from prema > prī] a f. See below.

3) Prema (प्रेम):—[from prī] 2. prema in [compound] for preman.

4) Premā (प्रेमा):—[from prī] b in [compound] for preman.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prema (प्रेम):—

1) am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) st. preman Liebe, Zuneigung: sapremām von Liebe erfüllt [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 132.] sapremā (könnte auch auf sapreman zurückgehen) [28, 78.] —

2) f. premā a) = preman in premābandha. —

3) ein best. Metrum: a. b. d. ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ c. ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ u. s. w. [HALL] in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 514.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prema (प्रेम):——

1) am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ā) = preman 1). —

2) f. ā — a) dass. — b) ein best. Metrum.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prema (प्रेम) [Also spelled prem]:—(nm) love; affection; attachment; -[kathā/-kahānī] a love story; tale of love; -[gīta] a lovesong; -[pagā] soaked in love, full of feelings of love; -[patra] a loveletter; -[pātra] dear, beloved; -[pāśa] bond of love; -[baṃdhana] bond of love; -[bhakti] love-inspired or affection-based devotion; -[bhāva] love, emotion of love; ~[maya] loving, affectionate; -[vihāra] love-making; -[vihvala] love-sick; -[vyāpāra] loveaffair; ~[śūnya] loveless.

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