Mandalika, Māṇḍalika, Maṇḍalikā, Maṇḍalīka, Mamdalika: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Mandalika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Māṇḍalika refers to the title of a ruler of a territyory.—The Āndhra māṇḍala political situation thus outlined gave rise to the māṇḍalika setup of administration. The epigraphs of the period refer to the māṇḍalika, sāmanta, mahāsāmanta and mahāmaṇḍaleśvara. The term māṇḍalika is found only with reference to the Hecerla family who were ruling over Sabbi-nāḍu the home province of the Kākatīyas. The term māṇḍalika, in contradistination to the sāmanta, mahāsāmanta is higher in status.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक) refers to “provincial (rulers)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. [...] If the horns should together appear like a circle then the provincial rulers [i.e., māṇḍalika] will have to quit their places. If the northern horn should be higher than the southern one otherwise than as stated already, the crops will flourish and there will be good rain. If the southern horn should be similarly higher there will be famine and fear in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Maṇḍalika (मण्डलिक) refers to a “(wooden) plate”, according to the Dhammapadaṭṭha (Cf. Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, chapter 4).—Accordingly, “According to the Dhammapadaṭṭha, wishing to damage the Buddha’s reputation, the heretical scholars went to a young nun of their sect, Ciñca, who pretended to go and spend the nights at the monastery of the Buddha and declare to anyone who wanted to listen that she had shared Gautama’s room. She went so far as to fake pregnancy by wrapping her belly in linens (pilotika), and then attaching a wooden plate (dāru-maṇḍalika) to her belly. She entered the assembly where the Buddha was in the process of preaching the Dharma and bitterly reproached him for abandoning her and having no interest in the baby that was about to be born. The Buddha remained calm: [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Maṇḍalika.—(EI 26), ruler of a maṇḍala or district; same as Māṇḍalika. Note: maṇḍalika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Māṇḍalika.—(IE 8-2; BL; CII 4), ruler of a maṇḍala or district; title of a feudatory chief; cf. Maṇḍalika, Maṇḍalīka. Note: māṇḍalika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Maṇḍalīka.—(IE 8-2; SII 1; SITI; BL), feudatory title; ruler of a maṇḍala; same as Maṇḍalika and Māṇḍalika, also called Maṇḍaleśvara. Note: maṇḍalīka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

maṇḍalika : (adj.) belonging to a circle or a small country.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇḍalika, (adj. -n.) (fr. maṇḍala, cp. maṇḍalaka-rājā “the king of a small country” Mvyut 94) a district officer, king’s deputy Vin. III, 47 f. maṇḍalikā=maṇḍala 4, i.e. circus, ring, round, in assa° race court Vin. III, 6. (Page 517)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māṇḍalika (मांडलिक).—m S A prince ruling over a maṇḍala or circumscribed region; as contrad. from sārvabhauma Sovereign paramount; a Raja or ordinary potentate in general.

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māṇḍaḷīka (मांडळीक).—m (Poetry.) See māṇḍalika.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māṇḍalika (मांडलिक).—m A prince ruling over a circum- scribed region.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍalikā (मण्डलिका).—a group, troop, band, crowd.

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Maṇḍalīka (मण्डलीक).—A tributary king; तेजो निजं मुकुलयन्ति च मण्डलीकाः (tejo nijaṃ mukulayanti ca maṇḍalīkāḥ) Kīr. K.2.111.

Derivable forms: maṇḍalīkaḥ (मण्डलीकः).

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Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक).—a. (- f.) Relating to, or ruling a province.

-kaḥ 1 The ruler of a province.

2) A sovereign with an annual income between 3 to 1 lacs of rupees; सामन्तः स नृपः प्रोक्तो यावल्लक्षत्रयावधि । तदूर्ध्वं दशलक्षान्तो नृपो माण्डलिकः स्मृतः (sāmantaḥ sa nṛpaḥ prokto yāvallakṣatrayāvadhi | tadūrdhvaṃ daśalakṣānto nṛpo māṇḍalikaḥ smṛtaḥ) || Śukra.1.183.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇḍalika (मण्डलिक).—adj. or subst. m. (= next 1; Pali id., compare Sanskrit māṇḍalika), ruler of a (minor) region: (rājābhūt) °kas Gaṇḍavyūha 399.13. ([Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] defines as district officer, king's deputy, which seems inadequate; Vin. commentary 309.7 = ye dīpadese pi ekam-ekaṃ maṇḍalaṃ bhuñjanti.) See also nāga-maṇḍalika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The ruler of a province. f. (-kī) Ruling a province.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक).—i. e. maṇḍala + ika, m. The superintendent of a district or province.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक).—[masculine] governor of a province.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇḍalikā (मण्डलिका):—[from maṇḍalaka > maṇḍala] f. a group, troop, band, crowd, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) Maṇḍalika (मण्डलिक):—[from maṇḍala] [wrong reading] for māṇḍalika q.v.

3) Māṇḍalika (माण्डलिक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] maṇḍala) relating to a province, [ib.]

4) ruling a province (-maṇḍalaṃ rakṣati), [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 106 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) m. the governor of a province, [Varāha-mihira; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Maṇḍalika (मण्डलिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃḍalia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mandalika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandalika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṃḍalika (ಮಂಡಲಿಕ):—[noun] the administrator or a ruler of a division of a state.

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Maṃḍalīka (ಮಂಡಲೀಕ):—[noun] = ಮಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika].

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Maṃḍaḷika (ಮಂಡಳಿಕ):—[noun] = ಮಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika].

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Maṃḍaḷīka (ಮಂಡಳೀಕ):—[noun] = ಮಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika].

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Māṃḍalika (ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ):—

1) [adjective] relating to a division of a state.

2) [adjective] ruling a division of state.

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Māṃḍalika (ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ):—[noun] the administrator or ruler of a division of a state; a governor.

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Māṃḍalīka (ಮಾಂಡಲೀಕ):—[noun] = ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika]2.

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Māṃḍaḷika (ಮಾಂಡಳಿಕ):—[adjective] = ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika]1.

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Māṃḍaḷika (ಮಾಂಡಳಿಕ):—[noun] = ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika]2.

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Māṃḍaḷīka (ಮಾಂಡಳೀಕ):—[noun] = ಮಾಂಡಲಿಕ [mamdalika]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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