Kona, Koṇa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Kona means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Koṇā (कोणा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Koṇā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Koṇā (कोणा).—A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 28.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Koṇa (कोण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.14, I.35, I.52.5, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Koṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Koṇa (कोण) refers to “plectrum”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Accordingly, “during the application of the dhruvās, the experts should generally play with the plectrum (koṇa) two vīṇās to accompany a song or other instruments”

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Koṇa (कोण).—Angle, corner. Note: Koṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

koṇa : (m.) corner; end; a bow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Koṇa, (cp. Sk. koṇa & also P. kaṇṇa) 1. a corner Vin. II, 137; catu°=catu-kaṇṇa PvA. 52;—°racchā crossroads PvA. 24.—2. a plectrum for a musical instrument Miln. 53. (Page 228)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṇa (कोण).—pron int (kaḥ S) Who? 2 What? Ex. tumhī hā udyōga karitāṃ hyācā viṣaya kōṇa? kōṇācā kōṇa Who is he and belonging to whom? Pr. kō0 pitaḷācā hōna sāṇḍalā tara śōdhatō kōṇa? Who knows anything about him and who cares? Also sugrīva kō0?

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kōṇa (कोण).—m (S) A corner or angle.

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kōna (कोन).—m (kōṇa S) A corner, an angle. 2 (From the woman's being at that time in a retired part of the house.) Childbirth, parturition, delivery. Note. This sense, although the sense of certain phrases occasionally met with (as ticā kōna nighā- lā or jhālā, or ticā kōna cāṅgalā mhaṇūna lavakara bāḷantīṇa hōtī), is not the generally received sense. tī kōnīṃ nighālī & tilā kōna ālā She is brought to bed,--are the only undisputed applications. 3 The clothes, vessels, and other articles of a puerperal woman.

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kōna (कोन).—n A yam.

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kōnā (कोना) [or न्या, nyā].—m C (kōna) A corner-stone. 2 A broad and flat tile used over the corners and ridge. 3 A corner-rafter. 4 (Usually kōna) A corner. 5 C (kuṇabī) A contemptuous and covert term for a kuṇabī. (In Canarese kōnā is Male buffalo.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōṇa (कोण).—pro Who? What? m A corner or angle.

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kōna (कोन).—m A corner, an angle. n A yam.

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kōnā (कोना) [-nyā, -न्या].—m A corner-rafter. A broad and flat tile used over the corners and ridge. A corner-stone.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṇa (कोण).—[kuṇ-karaṇe ghañ karttari ac vā Tv.]

1) A corner, an angle (of anything); भयेन कोणे क्वचन स्थितस्य (bhayena koṇe kvacana sthitasya) Vikr.1. 99. युक्तमेतन्न तु पुनः कोणं नयनपद्मयोः (yuktametanna tu punaḥ koṇaṃ nayanapadmayoḥ) Bv.2.173.

2) An intermediate point of the compass.

3) The bow of a lute; a fiddle-stick.

4) The sharp edge of a sword or weapon.

5) A stick, staff, club.

6) A drum-stick; ... कोणैर्भे- र्यो निजघ्निरे (koṇairbhe- ryo nijaghnire) Bk.14.2.

7) Name of the planet Mars.

8) Name of the planet Saturn.

9) A sort of musical instrument [cf. Gr. gonia].

Derivable forms: koṇaḥ (कोणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṇa (कोण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A corner, an angle. 2. The quill or bow of a lute, a fiddle-stick, &c. 3. A drum stick. 4. A sort of stringed musical instrument. 5. The sharp edge of a sword. 6. A stick, a staff, a club. 7. A name of Mangala, the planet Mars. 8. A name of the planet Saturn. 9. An intermediate point of the compass. E. kuṇa, to sound, &c. ghañ aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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