Malina, Malinā: 19 definitions



Malina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Malinā (मलिना, “pale”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses a ‘transitory state’ (saṃcāribhāva). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

A type of glance (or facial expression): Malina: the lashes partly closed as if by rheum, the pupils sunken; this unclean eye denotes women (i.e. dissipation).

Source: Natya Shastra

Malinā (मलिना).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a transitory state (saṃcāribhāva);—The Glance in which ends of the eyelashes are not shaking and ends of the eyes are pale, and which is characterised very much by half-shut eyelids, is called Malinā (pale).

Uses of Malinā (pale)—in discouragement, change of colour.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Malina (मलिन).—A son of Trasu, a Brahmavādin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 132.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Mālina (मालिन) possibly corresponds to the ancient name for Campā: the capital of Aṅga: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Aṅga’s capital Campā was situated on the river (mod. Chāndan) of the same name (Jātaka 506) and the Ganges, 17 at a distance of 60 yojanas from Mithilā. The actual site of Campā, the ancient capital of Aṅga, is probably marked by two villages Campānagara and Campāpura that still exist near Bhagalpur. The ancient name of Campā was probably Mālinī or Mālina as stated in the Mahābhārata, the Purāṇas, and the Harivaṃśa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

malina : (adj.) dirty; stained; impure. (nt.), impurity.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Malina, (adj.) (fr. mal, *mel to make dirty, to which belongs mala.—Cp. Lat. mulleus reddish, purple; Gr. mέlas black, molu/nw to stain, mέltos reddish; Lith. mulvas yellowish, mélynas blue; Ohg. māl stain) dirty, stained, impure, usually lit.—J. I, 467; Miln. 324; DhA. I, 233; VvA. 156; PvA. 226; VbhA. 498. (Page 525)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

malina (मलिन).—a (S) Dirty, filthy, foul. 2 fig. Foul with crime or vice; criminal, vitious, corrupt, depraved. 3 Lax, heedless, slovenly, nasty; esp. as disregardful of the enjoined rites and acts towards personal purity. 4 Dull or dim, rusty--learning &c. from disuse, or a learned man from non-practice.

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maḷīṇa (मळीण).—a (malina S or from maḷa) Dirty, filthy, foul. 2 Foul figuratively; soiled with crime or vice. 3 Rusty, not fresh or ready--learning &c.

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māḷīṇa (माळीण).—f (māḷī) A female gardener. 2 (Because it is removed by sniffing flowers.) A painful pimple that arises in the nose.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

malina (मलिन).—a Dirty. Nasty. Dull. Fig. Vicious.

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maḷīṇa (मळीण).—a Dirty, filthy; foul. Rusty.

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māḷīṇa (माळीण).—f A female gardener. A nose-pimple.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Malina (मलिन).—a. [mala astyarthe inan]

1) Dirty, foul, filthy, impure, unclean, soiled, stained, sullied (fig. also); धन्यास्तदङ्गरजसा मलिनीभवन्ति (dhanyāstadaṅgarajasā malinībhavanti) Ś.7.17; किमिति मुधा मलिनं यशः कुरुध्वे (kimiti mudhā malinaṃ yaśaḥ kurudhve) Ve.3.4.

2) Black, dark (fig. also); मलिनमपि हिमांशोर्लक्ष्म लक्ष्मीं तनोति (malinamapi himāṃśorlakṣma lakṣmīṃ tanoti) Ś.1.2; अतिमलिने कर्तव्ये भवति खलानामतीव निपुणा धीः (atimaline kartavye bhavati khalānāmatīva nipuṇā dhīḥ) Vās; Śi.9.18.

3) Sinful, wicked, depraved; धियो हि पुंसां मलिना भवन्ति (dhiyo hi puṃsāṃ malinā bhavanti) H.1.26; मलिनाचरितं कर्म सुरभेर्नन्वसांप्रतम् (malinācaritaṃ karma surabhernanvasāṃpratam) Kāv.2.178.

4) Low, vile, base; लघवः प्रकटीभवन्ति मलिनाश्रयतः (laghavaḥ prakaṭībhavanti malināśrayataḥ) Śi.9.23.

5) Clouded, obscured.

-nam 1 Sin, fault, guilt.

2) Butter-milk.

3) Borax.

4) A dirty cloth; ततो मलिनसंबीतां राक्षसीभिः समावृताम् (tato malinasaṃbītāṃ rākṣasībhiḥ samāvṛtām) Rām.5.15.18.

-nā, -nī A woman during menstruation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Malina (मलिन).—name of a nāga king: Megh 306.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Malina (मलिन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Dirty, filth, foul. 2. Black. 3. Vile, bad. 4. Foul, (figuratively,) soiled with crime or vice, sinful, depraved. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Butter-milk. 2. Fault, defect. 3. Borax. f. (-nī) A woman during menstruation. E. mala dirt, ilan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Malina (मलिन).—i. e. mala + in + a, I. adj. 1. Dirty, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 178; soiled, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 39. 2. Black, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 18; obscure, ib. 23; obscured, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 27, M. M. 3. Sinful. 4. Bad. Ii. n. 1. Fault. 2. Buttermilk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Malina (मलिन).—[adjective] dirty, impure (lit. & [figuratively]); darkcoloured, gray, black. [masculine] a religious mendicant; [neuter] meanness, fault, sin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Malina (मलिन):—[from mala] a mfn. dirty, filthy, impure, soiled, tarnished ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of a dark colour, gray, dark gray, black, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a religious mendicant wearing dirty clothes (perhaps) a Pāśupata, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Taṃsu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] anila)

5) [v.s. ...] f(ā or ī). (ā [Prāyaścitta-tattva] or ī [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a woman during menstruation

6) [v.s. ...] n. a vile or bad action, [Pañcatantra; Bhartṛhari; Viddhaśālabhañjikā]

7) [v.s. ...] buttermilk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) b etc. See [column]2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Malina (मलिन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Dirty, balck, bad. f. () Menstruous woman. n. Fault; butter-milk; borax.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Malina (मलिन):—(von 1. mala)

1) adj. f. ā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 114.] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 2, 49.] a) schmutzig, unrein (eig. und übertr.) [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 4.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 251] (dūṣite st. bhūṣite zu lesen). [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1435.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 397. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 104.] [Halāyudha 4, 42.] von Personen [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 70.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2338. 2423. 2514. 2662.] [Pañcatantra III, 178.] dīrghādhva [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 166.] vastra [Spr. 5176, v. l.] [Meghadūta 84.] [Mahābhārata 4, 245] (su) . [Suśruta 1, 105, 6.] vasāvaśeṣa (asthika) [Spr. 3335.] darpaṇa [Kapila 4, 30.] himāṃśorlakṣma [Śākuntala 19.] svinnāṅguliviniveśa [142.] āśādaśakamamalinam [Spr. 1753.] f. menstruirend [Medinīkoṣa] malinā [PRĀYAŚCITTEND. 39,a,1.] malinī [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 535.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — kimiti mudhā malinaṃ yaśaḥ kriyeta so v. a. beflecken [Spr. 2369.] kaḥ kurvīta śiraḥpraṇāmamalinaṃ mānam [3254.] nīcāvamānamalināṃ yo bhuṅkte saṃpadaṃ pumān [4479.] nṛpaśrī [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 373.] malinācaritaṃ karma von einem Befleckten, Unreinen (eig. und übertr.) [kāvyādarśa 2, 178.] kṛpaṇa [Spr. 1227.] khal [4962.] cetas [Kapila 4, 29.] antarmalinacetas [PAÑCAR. 1, 2, 38.] malinātman [Spr. 2864.] manas [4998.] amalinadhī [1802.] parasātkṛtāpi kurute malinam Schmutziges, Gemeines [931. 1922.] atimaline kartavye bhavati khalānāmatīva nipuṇā dhīḥ [57.] prāyaḥ samāsannavipattikāle dhiyo pi puṃsāṃ malinā bhavanti so v. a. sich verfinstern [283.] laghavaḥ prakaṭībhavanti malināśrayataḥ schmutzig, finster (= nikṛṣṭa [Mallinātha]) [Śiśupālavadha 9, 23.] — b) von unbestimmter dunkler Farbe, dunkelgrau, schwarz; = asita, kṛṣṇa [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [LAGHUJ. 1, 6] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 278.] cañcucaraṇaiḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 24.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1326.] [Halāyudha 2, 97.] nāgayūthamalināni tamāṃsi [Śiśupālavadha 9, 18.] mahoragatvac [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 373.] kṛpāṇa [Spr. 1227.] gaṇikākaṭākṣāḥ [4962.] makarālaya [5317.] ārdratamālapattra [Mṛcchakaṭikā 84, 8.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Taṃsu (anila andere Autt.) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 448,] [Nalopākhyāna 12.] —

3) n. a) Buttermilch (ghola) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Borax [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. mālinya .

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Malina (मलिन):—[Sp. 600, Z. 3] lies khala .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Malina (मलिन):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) schmutzig , befleckt , unrein (eig. und übertr.). — b) f. ā menstruirend. Angeblich auch ī. — c) von unbestimmter dunkler Farbe , grau , dunkelgrau , schwarz.

2) m. — a) ein ein schmutziges Gewand tragender religiöser Bettler , vielleicht ein Pāśupata [Viṣṇusūtra 63,36.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Taṃsu. v.l. anila. —

3) n. — a) eine Gemeinheit , Schlechtigkeit [Viddhaśālabhañjikākhyanāṭikā 7,5.] — b) *Buttermilch. — c) *Borax [Rājan 6,242.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Malina (मलिन) [Also spelled malin]:—(a) dirty, filthy, tarnished; shabby; gloomy; ~[] dirtiness, filthiness; shabbiness; tarnish; gloominess; ~[prabha] lustreless, who has lost brilliance; tarnished; ~[mukha] sad; melancholy, gloomy.

2) Malīna (मलीन):—(a) see [malīna; ~tā] see [malinatā] (under [malina]).

3) Mālina (मालिन) [Also spelled malin]:—(nf) a maid gardener; wife of a gardener (feminine form of [mālī]).

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