Mahendraditya, Mahendrāditya: 3 definitions

Introduction

Mahendraditya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahendraditya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Mahendrāditya (महेन्द्रादित्य) is the name of an ancient king from Śaśāṅkapura, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 101. Accordingly, as Muni Kaṇva said to Mṛgāṅkadatta in his hermitage: “... the ambassador [Surathadeva] travelled quickly, and reached the city of King Mahendrāditya on the shore of the sea, named Śaśāṅkapura. There he embarked on a ship, and after some days he reached the palace of King Mandāradeva in Haṃsadvīpa”.

2) Mahendrāditya (महेन्द्रादित्य) is the name of a world-conquering king (jagajjayin) from Avanti, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 120. Accordingly, as sage Kaṇva narrated to Naravāhanadatta: “... there dwelt in that city [Avanti] a world-conquering king, named Mahendrāditya, the slayer of his enemies’ armies, like Indra in Amarāvatī. In regard of prowess he was a wielder of many weapons”.

Also, as Śiva said to his Gaṇa named Mālyavat: “my son, descend into the condition of a man, and be born in the city of Ujjayinī as the brave son of King Mahendrāditya. That king is a portion of me, and his wife is sprung from a portion of Ambikā; be born in their family, and do the heaven-dwellers the service they require...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahendrāditya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahendraditya in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mahendrāditya.—(IE 8-2), see āditya. Note: mahendrāditya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahendraditya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahendrāditya (महेन्द्रादित्य):—[from mahendra > mahā > mah] m. Name of a king, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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