Mahasattva, aka: Maha-sattva, Mahāsattva; 5 Definition(s)
Mahasattva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mahāsattva (महासत्त्व).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IX), what is a Mahāsattva?
1) Mahā means great, and sattva means being or bravery. The person who is able to accomplish a great work without regressing or turning back in his bravery is called Mahāsattva.
2) Moreover, he is called Mahāsattva because he is the chief of many beings.
3) Furthermore, he is called Mahāsattva because he feels great loving kindness (mahāmaitrī) amd great compassion (mahākaruṇā) for many beings; he establishes them in the Greater Vehicle, he travels the great Path (mahāmārga) and attains a very high place.
4) Furthermore, he is called Mahāsattva because he is endowed with the marks of the Great Man (mahāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇa).
5. Furthermore, he is called Mahāsattva because he must preach the Dharma and destroy the great wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭi) and the afflictions (kleśa), such as great craving (mahātṛṣṇā), pride (abhimāna), great attachment to the self (ātmasneha), etc., in all others as well as in himself.
6. Finally, like the great ocean (mahāsamudra), beings (sattva) are without beginning and without end. A skillful teacher of arithmetic (gaṇanācārya) who would keep track for numberless years would not reach the end of them. The Bodhisattva wishes to save them all, free them all from suffering and establish them all in the happiness of unconditioned safety. He is called Mahasattva because he has made this great resolution to save these numerous beings.
The Bodhisattvas are called Mahāsattva because they make the great vow (mahāpraṇidhāna), because they want to do the great work and because they want to arrive at the great place.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
Mahāsattva, (lit: "great being"), is a great Bodhisattva practicing the Buddhism for a long time and reaching a very high level on the path to awakening (bodhi), generally refers to the Bodhisattvas who have reached at least the seventh ground of the ten Bodhisattvas' grounds (bodhisattvānām daśabhūmīḥ).
The eight most famous Mahāsattvas are
- Âkāśagarbha (Akasagarbha),
- and Sarvanīvaraṇaviṣkambhin (Sarvanivarana-Vishkambhin).
etymology: The translation of the word Mahāsattva in Chinese is móhé sāduò (摩诃萨埵) (simplified: móhésà 摩诃萨) and dàshì (大士), in Japanese, makasatsu or daishi.Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
Languages of India and abroad
2) very strong or powerful.
3) just, righteous. (-ttvaḥ) 1 a large animal.
2) Name of Sākyamuni.
3) an epithet of Kubera.
Mahāsattva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and sattva (सत्त्व).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mahāsattva (महासत्त्व).—m. (1) ‘great Being’, standard ep. of Bodhisattvas: Mvy 626 et passim (very often follows bodhisattva); (2) n. of a prince, hero of Vyāghrīparivarta (chapter 18) of Suv: Suv 206.13 ff. Several times in the verse version, 225.11, 234.13, 238.14, Mahāsattva-varo (°varaḥ) is printed as if a cpd., tho the name otherwise appears as Mahāsattva also in verses, e.g. 226.6 etc.; perhaps better division would be Mahāsattva (m.c. for °vo, °vaḥ) plus (adj.) varaḥ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Mahasattva, Maha-sattva or Mahāsattva. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 6 - Honoring all the buddhas by means of a single offering < [Chapter XLIX - The Four Conditions]
Part 3 - Mastering the four great elements < [Chapter XLIX - The Four Conditions]
Chapter XXII - On Pure Actions (b) < [Section Four]
Chapter XIX - On Holy Actions (a) < [Section Two]
Chapter XXX - On Bodhisattva Highly-Virtuous King (d) < [Section Six]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
A. The description of the four Brahma-viharas < [Chapter VII - The Four immeasurables]
1f) The benefit of vast qualities < [Part 1 - The explanation of the benefits]
Part 2c.1 - The great perfection beyond accepting and rejecting < [B. The teaching of the three factors of immovable samadhis]
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva fundamental vow sutra (by Johnny Yu)