Kurava: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Kurava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kurava (कुरव).—One of the fourteen gaṇas of Apsaras, born of Soma's rays.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 55.

1b) (c)—the land of Kurus, part of Haritāśva kingdom; also kuruvaṃśa.1 Situated between oceans and served by siddhas; there is a madhuphala tree from which clothes and ornaments are taken; besides there is another tree kṣīriṇa of six rasas, all the earth set with presious gems; people are born mithunas and soon grow into lofty youthful men and women, loyal like cakravāka birds; they live 13,150 years. There are two kulaparvatas and a river Bhadraśīma besides others flowing with honey, milk and ghee; there are gardens in it of tamāla, agaru, sandal, etc., besides sporting grounds and creeper houses of different kinds and musical instruments of different varieties; men adorn themselves with beautiful jewels of all sorts. They are not troubled by disease or old age.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 18; 35. 8; 69. 11; 121. 49.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 11-50.

1c) A caste equal to Kṣatriya in Plakṣadvīpā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 17.

1d) Thirty-six kings who were contemporaries of ten Śisunāgas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 137; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 16; 273. 72.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kurava (कुरव) refers to the bird “Tree Pie” (Dendrocitta vagabunda).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kurava] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurava (कुरव).—A species of amaranth; [Barlaria Prionitis Linn] It is a handsome shrub. Kālidāsa describes the plant as कान्तामुखद्युति (kāntāmukhadyuti) (cf. Ṛs. 6.18). Modern scientists describe it as a lipped flower referring to the form of its petals. कुरवका रवकारणतां ययुः (kuravakā ravakāraṇatāṃ yayuḥ) R.9.29; Me.8; Ṛs.6.18. -वम् (vam) (bam), -व (va)(ba) कम् (kam) The flower of this tree; चूडापाशे नवकुरवकम् (cūḍāpāśe navakuravakam) Me.67; प्रत्याख्यातविशेषकं कुरवकं श्यामावदातारुणम् (pratyākhyātaviśeṣakaṃ kuravakaṃ śyāmāvadātāruṇam) M.3.5.

Derivable forms: kuravaḥ (कुरवः).

See also (synonyms): kuraba, kuravaka, kurabaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurava (कुरव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Having a bad voice. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A bad or harsh sound. 2. Red or yellow amaranth: see kuravaka. E. ku bad or ill, and rava what sounds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurava (कुरव).—m. The name of a plant; see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurava (कुरव):—[=ku-rava] [from ku] a mfn. having a bad voice, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of dove, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [=ku-rava] [from ku] ([see also sub voce kuraba, which is sometimes written kurava.])

4) [=ku-rava] b etc. See 1. ku.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurava (कुरव):—[ku-rava] (baḥ-vā-vaṃ) a. Having a bad voice. m. Bad sound.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kurava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kurava (ಕುರವ):—

1) [noun] = ಕುರರ [kurara].

2) [noun] a calling out noisily; an outcry; bellowing; bawling.

3) [noun] the plant Barleria buxifolia (var. roseaflora) of Acanthaceae family; prickly purple nail dye.

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Kuṟava (ಕುಱವ):—

1) [noun] a piece of land surrounded by water; an island.

2) [noun] a raised mass of earth, stones; a small hill or mound.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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