Kroda, Krōḍa, Kroḍa: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Kroda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kroḍa (क्रोड):—[kroḍaḥ] Cardiac region. The region contained the heart.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Kroḍa (क्रोड) refers to the incarnation of the Boar, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[Now the pala-verses]: [...] For the welfare of the world, there [manifested the incarnations of] the Fish, the Tortoise, the Boar [Kroḍa], the Man-Lion, One who had a Short Stature, Paraśurāma, Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, Buddha and Kalkin. I bow to Govinda, the god of gods, who in this manner assumed diverse forms, diverse shapes and diverse names, and who is meditated upon by sage”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kroḍa (क्रोड) refers to “(Viṣṇu’s form of the) Boar”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] My son Marīci begot Kaśyapa who married thirteen daughters of Dakṣa. The eldest of them Diti bore two sons: Hiraṇyakaśipu the elder and Hiraṇyākṣa the younger. When these two began to harass the gods, Viṣṇu assumed the forms of Man-lion and Boar [i.e., nṛsiṃha-kroḍa-rūpatas] and killed them. Then the gods became fearless and happy”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kroḍa.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: kroḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kroḍa.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: kroḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

krōḍa (क्रोड).—m f (kōṭi S) Ten millions, a crore. 2 n S The breast. 3 n or krōḍapatra n A paper on which is extracted a passage or word of a book, with remarks &c., a sort of adversaria.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

krōḍa (क्रोड).—m f Ten millions, a crore.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kroḍa (क्रोड).—[kruṅ ghanībhāve saṃjñāyāṃ ghañ]

1) A hog; भ्रातर्येवं विनिहते हरिणा क्रोडमूर्तिना (bhrātaryevaṃ vinihate hariṇā kroḍamūrtinā) Bhāg.7.2.1.

2) The hollow of a tree, cavity; हा हा हन्त तथापि जन्मविटपिक्रोडे मनो धावति (hā hā hanta tathāpi janmaviṭapikroḍe mano dhāvati) Udb.

3) The chest, bosom, breast; क्रोडीकृ (kroḍīkṛ) to clasp to the bosom; क्रोडीकरोति प्रथमं यथा जातमनित्यता । धात्रीव जननी पश्चा- त्तथा शोकस्य कः क्रमः (kroḍīkaroti prathamaṃ yathā jātamanityatā | dhātrīva jananī paścā- ttathā śokasya kaḥ kramaḥ) || Nāg.4; Bh.2.35.

4) The middle part of anything; Vikr.11.75; see क्रोड (kroḍa) (n.)

5) An epithet of the planet Saturn.

-ḍam, -ḍā 1 The breast, chest, the part between the shoulders; Rām.5.24.4.

2) The interior of anything, a cavity, hollow; उदया- स्ताचलावेतौ यत्क्रोडे बाल्यवार्धके (udayā- stācalāvetau yatkroḍe bālyavārdhake) Mv.7.23.

3) The breast of a horse.

4) The lap; U.4.

-ḍī A sow; हा वत्स्यामि कथं क्रोडीगर्भे (hā vatsyāmi kathaṃ kroḍīgarbhe) Ks.53.12.

Derivable forms: kroḍaḥ (क्रोडः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroḍa (क्रोड).—nf.

(-ḍaṃ-ḍā) 1. The breast, the chest. 2. The haunch, the flank, the hollow above the hip. m.

(-ḍaḥ) 1. A name of Sani or Saturn. 2. A hog. E. kruḍ. to be thick, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroḍa (क्रोड).—I. m. and f. ḍā. 1. The breast, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 82, 10; [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 34, 14 (the bosom used to keep money in). 2. The interior, [Hitopadeśa] 80, 14. Ii. m. A hog, [Pañcatantra] 120, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroḍa (क्रोड).—[masculine] breast, chest, lap; cavity, hollow; a hog.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kroḍa (क्रोड):—m. (n. in later language, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) the breast, chest, bosom (of men and animals), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

2) (of a bird), [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 18, 32]

3) ([plural]), [Mahābhārata xiii, 2660]

4) (named as a place where money is kept), [Mṛcchakaṭikā ii]

5) ifc. f(ā). , [Pāṇini 4-1, 56] (e.g. kalyāṇa-kroḍā, a woman with a well-formed breast, [Kāśikā-vṛtti])

6) the flank, hollow above the hip, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) the lap (= aṅka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) the interior of anything, cavity, hollow, [Bālarāmāyaṇa vi, 65; Hitopadeśa]

9) m. a hog, [Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Varāha-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) Name of the planet Saturn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) ‘anything left in the bosom’, an additional verse or note, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

12) Name of a teacher, [Kaiyaṭa, kaiyyaṭa on Pāṇini 4-2, 66], [vArttika] 6, [Patañjali] (cf. krauḍa)

13) Kroḍā (क्रोडा):—[from kroḍa] f. the breast, bosom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Kroḍa (क्रोड):—n. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroḍa (क्रोड):—[(ḍaḥ-ḍā-ḍaṃ)] 1. n. f. The haunch; the breast. m. Saturn; a hog.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kroḍa (क्रोड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kola.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kroda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Krōḍa (ಕ್ರೋಡ):—

1) [noun] the chest a) the part of the body enclosed by the ribs, breastbone, and diaphragm; thorax; b) the outside front part of this.

2) [noun] the swine Sus scrofa; a hog.

3) [noun] Viṣṇu, in his third of ten major incarnations, in the form of a boar.

4) [noun] the planet Saturn.

5) [noun] (myth.) one of the eight serpents which bear the earth.

6) [noun] an elephant, Elephas maximus.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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