Kravyada, Kravyāda, Kravya-ada: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Kravyada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद):—Sixth of the nine male deities, presiding over the Dūtīcakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. They originated from Ananta (presiding deity of the Dūtīcakra), who multiplies himself nine times. These nine deities divide themself each nine times, resulting in the eighty-one Dūtīs.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) are the vulture and other birds that eat raw flesh only, and also the peacock and others that eat both raw and cooked flesh. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 5.11)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kravyada in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—A particular group of the Manes or the deified ancestors that receive the souls of the deceased. Mention is made about the Kravyādas in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 269, Stanza 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—A class of Rurus (s.v.) in Mahāraurava hell.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 26. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, ajīrṇa: indigestion). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., kravyāda): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kravyada (क्रव्यद) (lit. “one who devours flesh”) is a synonym (another name) for the Hawk/Falcon (Śyena), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) or Kravyādavrata refers to the “vow of eating meat”, according to the Brahmayāmala verse 21.1-4ab.—Accordingly, “Next I will explain the vows born from Ucchuṣma (Bhairava). The Vow of Nakedness is one. The second is (the vow of wearing) rags. The third one is the one of impurity. The fourth is (the Vow of) Madness. The sixth one is said to be the one of the skull. The sixth one is said to be (the Vow of) Bhairava. The seventh is called the (vow of behaving like a) child. The eighth is (the vow of) eating meat [i.e., kravyāda-vrata]. The ninth is the (vow of) growth, which gives all accomplishments. These are said to be the nine Vows that belong to the Vidyā division”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) (or Kravya, Kravyāśyā) refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Kravyāda] [...]”.

2) Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) refers to “one who takes animal food”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Maghā will be possessed of wealth, grains and storehouses; will delight in frequenting hills and in the performance of religious rites; will be merchants; will be valiant; will take animal food (kravyāda) and will be female haters. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—a S Carnivorous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—a Carnivorous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—m. eating raw flesh; Ṛgveda 1.16.9. Manusmṛti 5.131. (-m.)

1) a carnivorous animal, such as a tiger &c.; क्रव्याद्भ्यो बलिमिव निर्घृणः क्षिपामि (kravyādbhyo balimiva nirghṛṇaḥ kṣipāmi) Uttararāmacarita 1.49.

2) a demon, goblin; R.15.16.

Kravyāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kravya and ada (अद). See also (synonyms): kravyād, kravyabhuj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) An eater of flesh or meat, carnivorus. m.

(-daḥ) 1. A goblin, a Rakshasa. 2. A lion. 3. A hawk. Funeral fire. E. See the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—i. e. kravya-āda, adj., f. , Devouring raw flesh, Mahābhārata 1, 932.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.; [masculine] beast of prey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kravyāda (क्रव्याद):—[from kravya > kravi] mf(ā)n. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 69; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) consuming flesh or corpses (as Agni), [Mahābhārata i, 932; Gṛhyāsaṃgraha i, 11; Tithyāditya]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a carnivorous animal, beast of prey, [Mahābhārata i, 115, 24]

3) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a hawk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a goblin, Rākṣasa, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] the fire of the funeral pile, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a metallic substance, [Bhāvaprakāśa iv, 30]

8) Kravyādā (क्रव्यादा):—[from kravyāda > kravya > kravi] f. Name of one of the nine Samidhs, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha i, 27]

9) Kravyāda (क्रव्याद):—[from kravya > kravi] m. [plural] Name of a class of Manes, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] m. of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 18] ([varia lectio] vyākhya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद):—(daḥ) 1. m. A goblin; flesheater; beast of prey.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kravyāda (क्रव्याद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kavvāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kravyada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kravyāda (ಕ್ರವ್ಯಾದ):—

1) [noun] a flesh-eating man; a demon.

2) [noun] any carnivorous animal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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