Krathana: 10 definitions



Krathana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Krathana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Krathana (क्रथन).—A son of Khaśā, and a Rākṣasa; an asura in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 133; Matsya-purāṇa 161. 80.

1b) The city of a Rākṣasa in the Sutalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Krathana (क्रथन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.28.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Krathana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Krathana (क्रथन):—[krathanaṃ] Krathan-kvaṇan (Arun. Ah. N. 4. 13), krathan-kūjan (Hem. Ah. N. 4. 13) 

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Krathana (क्रथन).—

1) A slaughter.

2) Cutting.

Derivable forms: krathanam (क्रथनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krathana (क्रथन).—n. (naṃ) 1. Slaughter, killing. 2. Snoring, stertor. E. krath to kill, affix lyaṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krathana (क्रथन).—I. n. Slaughter, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 5, 10. Ii. m. The name of an Asura or demon, Mahābhārata 1, 1488; a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 63, 4, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Krathana (क्रथन):—[from krath] mfn. one who is in danger of suffocation, [Caraka]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an Asura, [Mahābhārata i; Harivaṃśa 12696]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga (son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra), [Mahābhārata i, 4550]

4) [v.s. ...] of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, v, vi]

5) [v.s. ...] n. cutting through (as with an ax), [Prabodha-candrodaya]

6) [v.s. ...] slaughter, killing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] sudden interruption of breath, [Suśruta]

8) Krāthana (क्राथन):—[from krātha] n. moving, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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