Karu, Kāru: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Karu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kāru (कारु).—A mountain of the Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 92.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kāru (कारु, “craftsman”) refers a member of a theatrical party, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, “one who fashions different objects out of lac, stone, metal and wood, is called a craftsman (kāru)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Karu (करु) or Caru refers to “pulse”, mentioned as an example of a gift  used in a Yajña (sacrifice), in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., iṣṭi], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

Puroḍāśa is a cake made of meal (‘pakvaḥ piṣṭapiṇḍaḥ’), different from karu, which is more of a pulse consisting of grains of rice or barley, and clarified butter (‘‘ghṛtataṇḍulobhayātmakam’). This puroḍāśa cake has to be divided for presentation to different deities. If there are more than two deities, the plural vyāvartadhvam, separate, has to be used.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Karu in the Hindi and Bengali language is another name for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Other than the Hindi/Bengali word Karu, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which sixteen are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Kāru (कारु) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins). Kāru is known as Caraka according to the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāru (कारु).—m (S) An artificer or artisan. 2 A common term for the twelve balutēdāra q. v. Also kārunāru m pl q. v. in nārukāru.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārū (कारू).—m An artisan, artificer; term for the 12 balutēdāra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—a. (- f.) [कृ-उण् (kṛ-uṇ) Uṇ.1.1]

1) A maker, doer, an agent, servant; राघवस्य ततः कार्यं कारुर्वानरपुङ्गवः (rāghavasya tataḥ kāryaṃ kārurvānarapuṅgavaḥ) Bk.7.28.

2) An artisan, mechanic, artist; कारुभिः कारितं तेन कृत्रिमं स्वप्नहेतवे (kārubhiḥ kāritaṃ tena kṛtrimaṃ svapnahetave) Vb.1.13; इति स्म सा कारुतरेण लेखितं नलस्य च स्वस्य च सख्यमीक्षते (iti sma sā kārutareṇa lekhitaṃ nalasya ca svasya ca sakhyamīkṣate) N.1.38; Y.2.249,1.187; Ms.5.129;1.12. (They are :-takṣā ca tantravāyaśca nāpito rajakastathā | pañcamaścarmakāraśca kāravaḥ śilpino matāḥ ||)

3) Terrible, horrible; जरेति क्षयमाहुर्वै दारुणं कारुसंज्ञितम् (jareti kṣayamāhurvai dāruṇaṃ kārusaṃjñitam) Mb.1.4.3.

-ruḥ 1 An epithet of विश्वकर्मन् (viśvakarman) the architect of the gods.

2) An art, a science.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) 1. An artist, an artificer, an agent, a maker, a doer. m.

(-ruḥ) A name of Viswakarma, the artist of the gods. 2. An art, a science. E. kṛñ to do, and uṇ Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—i. e. kṛ + u, adj. and s., f. , Working, an artisan, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 360.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—1. [masculine] [feminine] artisan.

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Kāru (कारु).—2. [masculine] singer, praiser, poet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāru (कारु):—1. kāru mf. ([from] √1. kṛ), a maker, doer, artisan, mechanic, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

2) m. ‘architect of the gods’, Name of Viśva-karman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) an art, science, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) mfn. (only etymological) horrible, [Mahābhārata i, 1657.]

5) 2. kāru m. ([from] √2. kṛ), one who sings or praises, a poet, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) m. [plural] (avas) Name of a family of Ṛṣis, [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāru (कारु):—(ruḥ) 2. m. An artist; an art.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāru (कारु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāru.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kāru (कारु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kāru.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karu (ಕರು):—

1) [noun] a young cow, bull or buffalo; (in gen.) a young of any animal.

2) [noun] (fig.) a child.

3) [noun] ಕರುಬಿಡು [karubidu] karu biḍu to milk a cow or buffalo; ಕರುಹಾಕು [karuhaku] karu hāku to give birth to (a falf).

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Karu (ಕರು):—

1) [noun] a pattern, hollow form or matrix for giving a certain shape to something in a plastic or molten state; a mould.

2) [noun] something formed or shaped in or on or as if in or on, a mould.

3) [noun] the work of carving, raising or printing ( a design etc.) as to raise it above the surface; an embossment work; something so embossed.

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Karu (ಕರು):—

1) [noun] foundation a) the base on which something rests, esp. the supporting part of a wall, house, etc., usu. of masonry, concrete, etc., and at least partially underground; b) a small structure, pillar, etc. established to symbolise commencement of a civil work.

2) [noun] that in which something has its beginning; source; origin.

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Karu (ಕರು):—[noun] a point or place considerably above most others; eminence; elevation.

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Kaṟu (ಕಱು):—

1) [verb] to be full of anger; to act wildly; to speak furiously.

2) [verb] to aim at; to target; to keep something or someone as an aim.

3) [verb] ಕಱುತ್ತಿಱಿ [karuttiri] kaṛuttiṛi to pierce, stab with extreme rage or force.

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Kaṟu (ಕಱು):—

1) [noun] a young of a cow, bull buffalo, etc.

2) [noun] (fig.) a child; a baby.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—[verb] to eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; to vomit.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—

1) [noun] the season characterised by much rainfall; the rainy season.

2) [noun] the clouds that bring rain.

3) [noun] the wet mud; mud saturated with water; soggy land.

4) [noun] crop fed by rainwater.

5) [noun] ಕಾರುಹಬ್ಬ [karuhabba] kāru habba a festival observed during rainy season.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—[adjective] (in comp.) of black colour.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—

1) [noun] one who makes; a worker in a skilled trade, as smith, carpenter, cobbler, etc.; a craftsman; an artisan.

2) [noun] the work or skill of such a person; artisanship; craftsmanship.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—[noun] the share or cutting blade of a plough.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—[noun] a, usu. four-wheeled, passenger vehile; a car.

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Kāru (ಕಾರು):—[verb] to eat; to chew; to swallow; to devour.

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Kāṟu (ಕಾಱು):—[verb] to eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth.

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Kāṟu (ಕಾಱು):—[noun] the share or cutting blade of a plough.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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