Karu, aka: Kāru; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kāru (कारु).—A mountain of the Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 92.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kāru (कारु, “craftsman”) refers a member of a theatrical party, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, “one who fashions different objects out of lac, stone, metal and wood, is called a craftsman (kāru)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Karu (करु) or Caru refers to “pulse”, mentioned as an example of a gift  used in a Yajña (sacrifice), in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., iṣṭi], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

Puroḍāśa is a cake made of meal (‘pakvaḥ piṣṭapiṇḍaḥ’), different from karu, which is more of a pulse consisting of grains of rice or barley, and clarified butter (‘‘ghṛtataṇḍulobhayātmakam’). This puroḍāśa cake has to be divided for presentation to different deities. If there are more than two deities, the plural vyāvartadhvam, separate, has to be used.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kāru (कारु).—m (S) An artificer or artisan. 2 A common term for the twelve balutēdāra q. v. Also kārunāru m pl q. v. in nārukāru.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārū (कारू).—m An artisan, artificer; term for the 12 balutēdāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—a. (- f.) [कृ-उण् (kṛ-uṇ) Uṇ.1.1]

1) A maker, doer, an agent, servant; राघवस्य ततः कार्यं कारुर्वानरपुङ्गवः (rāghavasya tataḥ kāryaṃ kārurvānarapuṅgavaḥ) Bk.7.28.

2) An artisan, mechanic, artist; कारुभिः कारितं तेन कृत्रिमं स्वप्नहेतवे (kārubhiḥ kāritaṃ tena kṛtrimaṃ svapnahetave) Vb.1.13; इति स्म सा कारुतरेण लेखितं नलस्य च स्वस्य च सख्यमीक्षते (iti sma sā kārutareṇa lekhitaṃ nalasya ca svasya ca sakhyamīkṣate) N.1.38; Y.2.249,1.187; Ms.5.129;1.12. (They are :-takṣā ca tantravāyaśca nāpito rajakastathā | pañcamaścarmakāraśca kāravaḥ śilpino matāḥ ||)

3) Terrible, horrible; जरेति क्षयमाहुर्वै दारुणं कारुसंज्ञितम् (jareti kṣayamāhurvai dāruṇaṃ kārusaṃjñitam) Mb.1.4.3.

-ruḥ 1 An epithet of विश्वकर्मन् (viśvakarman) the architect of the gods.

2) An art, a science.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāru (कारु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) 1. An artist, an artificer, an agent, a maker, a doer. m.

(-ruḥ) A name of Viswakarma, the artist of the gods. 2. An art, a science. E. kṛñ to do, and uṇ Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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