Karunya, Kāruṇya: 12 definitions
Karunya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kāruṇya (कारुण्य, “compassion”) refers to “compassion for the suffering”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly:—“[...] after he had thus installed his son in the kingdom, Śatabala himself assumed the sovereignty of tranquillity at the feet of an Ācārya. [... ] With unbroken meditation augmented by the mental attitudes—friendliness, etc. [viz., kāruṇya], plunged in great joy, he remained always in emancipation, as it were”.
Note: Cf. Tattvārthādhigamasūtra 7.6. Yogaśāstra 4.117.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Kāruṇya (कारुण्य, “afflicted”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.11.—What is meant by compassion and sympathy for the afflicted (kāruṇya)? The disposition to render assistance to the afflicted is compassion and sympathy for the afflicted. What is the subject of contemplation on compassion and sympathy for the afflicted? The subject of this contemplation is those who are afflicted with sufferings from anguish and distress. It develops feelings of sympathy in the practitioner.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kāruṇya (कारुण्य).—n S Compassion or tenderness.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kārūṇya (कारूण्य).—n Compassion, tenderness.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Compassion, kindness, pity; कारुण्यमातन्वते (kāruṇyamātanvate) Gīt.1; करिण्यः कारुण्यास्पदम् (kariṇyaḥ kāruṇyāspadam) Bv.1.2.
2) Sentiment of Pathos कारुण्यं भवभूतिरेव तनुते (kāruṇyaṃ bhavabhūtireva tanute) |
Derivable forms: kāruṇyam (कारुण्यम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇyaṃ) Compassion, tenderness. E. karuṇā compassion, &c. ṇyat aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruṇya (कारुण्य).—i. e. karuṇa + ya, n. Compassion, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 25.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruṇya (कारुण्य).—[adjective] praiseworthy, excellent; [neuter] pity, compassion.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kāruṇya (कारुण्य):—[from kāru] 1. kāruṇya mfn. praiseworthy [Comm.] [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii.]
2) [from kāruṇika] 2. kāruṇya n. compassion, kindness, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Tarakarunya.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Karunya, Kāruṇya, Kārūṇya; (plurals include: Karunyas, Kāruṇyas, Kārūṇyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 21 - Treatment for diarrhea (12): Karunya-sagara rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter I - Introduction < [Book I - Vairagya khanda (vairagya khanda)]
Chapter CCXVI - Conclusion of the celestial messenger's message of liberation < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.3.37 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Verse 2.2.93 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.4.245 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.1.45 < [Part 1 - Neutral Love of God (śānta-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.254 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 1.2.309 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)