Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 174 [Four Speech waves (Tanu, Krama, Udyoga and Mukhya)], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 174 [Four Speech waves (Tanu, Krama, Udyoga and Mukhya)]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 174:

अम्ब तत्र कलना पृथक्क्रिया सृष्टितः स्वपथगे क्रमे च या ।
तद्विरूपममलं तनुक्रमोद्योगमुख्यचतुरूर्मिसञ्चितम् ॥ १७४ ॥

amba tatra kalanā pṛthakkriyā sṛṣṭitaḥ svapathage krame ca yā |
tadvirūpamamalaṃ tanukramodyogamukhyacaturūrmisañcitam || 174 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Four Speech waves (Tanu, Krama, Udyoga and Mukhya)]

Śiva’s Icchāśakti, samavāyinī, causes variation in manifestation by the four waves of speech and retracts all into one to attain the unmanifest pure status. This is the Nirniketanapada where Śakti shines as Pure Cit only, being one with Śiva. The names and forms no more occur at this state. Parā, Paśyantī, Madhyamā and Vaikharī form the four waves (Tanu, Krama, Udyoga and Mukhya)[1] which cause creation of the Universe of varied names and forms.

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 101 -[Cidgaganacandrikā]-174.—

yā śaktirjagaddhātuḥ śivasya samavāyinī kathitā sā, sisṛkṣoḥ śivasyecchātvamāsthāya jagadātmanā sphuritā satī nānānāmarūpādivyapadeśaṃ bhajantī vastugatyā'bhinnā'pi bhedamāpadyate | punaśca tanukramodyoge mukhyā yāścatasra ūrmayaḥ parāpaśyantyādayaḥ, tābhiḥ sañcitaṃ saṃghaṭṭātmanā samarasībhūya amalaṃ nimarlaṃ nāmarūpopādhivinirmaṃktu tadvirūpaṃ niruttaraṃ niṣkalaṃ padamavāpya svātmamātrasthitā śuddhacinmātrayā virājate ||

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