Kadaligarbha, Kadaligarbhā: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kadaligarbha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kadaligarbha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kadaligarbhā (कदलिगर्भा).—Daughter of the great sage Maṅkaṇaka. There is a story about her in Kathāsaritsāgara.

There was once a city called Ikṣumatī. It was on the banks of the river Ikṣumatī. It was Viśvāmitra who set up that river and city. In a hermitage in the thick forest on the shores of Ikṣumatī lived a sage, Maṅkaṇaka performing penance. One day the beautiful nymph Menakā, came there from above. As a wind blew, her upper garment was displaced. Seeing her bare body, Maṅkaṇaka had emission. The semen of the sage fell into a Kadalī (plantain) tree and from there arose a maiden, extremely beautiful. Because she was born from Kadalī she was called Kadalīgarbhā. Kadalīgarbhā grew up into a beautiful lady and one day a King named Dṛḍhavarmā came that way while hunting and seeing Kadalīgarbhā he fell in love with her and married her with the permission of Maṅkaṇaka. The Devas advised her to scatter musṭard seeds on the way to her husband’s house and in case her husband abandoned her she should be guided by the mustard plants to return home. She did so.

One day by the evil advice of a barber the King divorced her and she returned to the Āśrama by following the young mustard plants. But Maṅkaṇaka took her back to the King. (Taraṅga 6, Madanamañjukālambaka, Kathāsaritsāgara).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kadaligarbha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kadalīgarbhā (कदलीगर्भा) was born as the result of the hermit Maṅkaṇaka beholding the Apsaras named Menakā, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 32. Accordingly, as Somaprabhā narrated to Kaliṅgasenā: “... and while he [Maṅkaṇaka] was performing austerities he saw an Apsaras of the name of Menakā coming through the air, with her clothes floating on the breeze. Then his mind was bewildered by Kāma, who had found his opportunity; the holy man’s seed fell upon a fresh plantain-flower, and there was born to him a daughter named Kadalīgarbhā, beautiful in every limb. And since she was born in the interior of a plantain, her father, the hermit Maṅkaṇaka, gave her the name of Kadalīgarbhā. She grew up in his hermitage like Kṛpī, the wife of Droṇa, who was born to Gautama on his beholding Rambhā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kadalīgarbhā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kadaligarbha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kadalīgarbha (कदलीगर्भ):—[=kadalī-garbha] [from kadalī > kadala] m. the pith of the plantain tree, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) Kadalīgarbhā (कदलीगर्भा):—[=kadalī-garbhā] [from kadalī-garbha > kadalī > kadala] f. Name of a daughter of Maṅkaṇaka, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxxii, 104.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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