Heracles; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Heracles means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Greek Heracles (Herakles), like Krishna, proves himself in the cradle by defeating the evil serpents. Furthermore, he gains immortality by taking milk from the breast of Hera.

(Source): Google Books: Mythology: The Voyage of the Hero

Herakles (Ἡρακλῆς) from Greek mythology.—In the Sanskrit Mahabharata, the divine hero Krishna, whom Alexander’s Greeks identified with Heracles, was shot in the heel and killed by the hunter Jara who, in some myths, appears as his brother.

(Source): The Greek Myths, Vol.1: Atlas and Prometheus

India history and geogprahy

It is well known that King Heracles (1970-1895 BCE) was the founder of the Macedonian Kingdom and all Macedonians were the descendants of him. In all probability, Heracles was the descendant of immigrant Yavanas or Ionians settled in Greece. Arrian clearly records that Heracles conquered up to Bactria and Gandhara and established a vast kingdom. Heracles appointed his governors in Bactria and Gandhara who laid the foundations of Indo-Greek kingdom. It appears that the sons of Heracles lost their kingdom in Greece immediately after the death of Heracles. Latinus, the son of Heracles had to migrate to Italy and founded the kingdom of Latins. Most probably, some of the descendants of Heracles also migrated to Gandhara and Bactria

(Source): academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Arrian says that Dionysus preceded Heracles by 15 generations. Historians wrongly identified Heracles as Krishna but Haryashva was born in the 15 th generation of Manu. Therefore, Haryashva I must be identified as Heracles and not Sri Krishna of Mahabharata period.

In all probability, King Heracles of Argos conquered Asia up to Afghanistan around 1930-1920 BCE and came up to the rock of Aornus near the city of Nysa but could not capture it. Arrian says that Heracles conquered the Kingdom of Sibians, the Indian community.

(Source): academia.edu: The Yona or Yavana Kings of the time of the Legendary King Ashoka
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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