Harya, Haryā: 12 definitions


Harya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Haryā (हर्या).—The mother of Hari in the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 39.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Harya (हर्य) refers to one of the four sons of Dhruva: the son of Uttānapāda and grandson of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Hārya (हार्य) refers to the “dividend” in bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu names for the operation are bhāgahāra, bhājana, haraṇa, chedana, etc. All these terms literally mean “to break into parts”, i.e., “to divide”, excepting haraṇa which denotes “to take away”. This term shows the relation of division to subtraction. The dividend is termed bhājya, hārya, etc., the divisor bhājaka, bhāgahara or simply hara, and the quotient labdhi “what is obtained” or labdha.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Harya in India is the name of a plant defined with Terminalia bellirica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Myrobalanus laurinoides (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kuntze (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1996)
· Hooker’s Journal of Botany Kew Gard. Misc. (1851)
· Novae Plantarum Species (1821)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Flora of the British India (1878)
· Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique (1856)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Harya, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hārya (हार्य).—a S (Possible, purposed, necessary) to be taken away or from, to be seized, removed &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hārya (हार्य).—a (Possible) to be taken away or from.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hārya (हार्य).—a.

1) To be taken or conveyed.

2) To be borne or carried on; यदूढया वारणराजहार्यया (yadūḍhayā vāraṇarājahāryayā) Kumārasambhava 5.7.

3) To be taken away or snatched off; इतः परानर्भकहार्यशस्त्रान् वैदर्भि पश्यानुमता मयासि (itaḥ parānarbhakahāryaśastrān vaidarbhi paśyānumatā mayāsi) R.7.67.

4) To be displaced or borne away (as by wind); निःश्वासहार्यांशुकमाजगाम घर्मः प्रिया वेशमिवोपदेष्टुम् (niḥśvāsahāryāṃśukamājagāma gharmaḥ priyā veśamivopadeṣṭum) R.16.43.

5) To be shaken (as one's resolution); विमुच्य सा हारमहार्यनिश्चया (vimucya sā hāramahāryaniścayā) Kumārasambhava 5.8.

6) To be secured or won over, to be attracted, conquered or influenced; वहसि हि धनहार्यं पण्यभूतं शरीरम् (vahasi hi dhanahāryaṃ paṇyabhūtaṃ śarīram) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.31; Ku. 5.53; Manusmṛti 7.217.

7) To be seized or robbed; नहि तस्यास्ति किंचित् स्वं भर्तृहार्यधनो हि सः (nahi tasyāsti kiṃcit svaṃ bhartṛhāryadhano hi saḥ) Manusmṛti 8.417.

8) To be destroyed; संनिबद्धमपहर्तुंमहार्यं भूरि दुर्गतिभयं भुवनानाम् (saṃnibaddhamapahartuṃmahāryaṃ bhūri durgatibhayaṃ bhuvanānām) Kirātārjunīya 18.3.

9) To be warded off; स संप्रधार्यैवमहार्यसारः सारं विनेष्यन् सगणस्य शत्रोः (sa saṃpradhāryaivamahāryasāraḥ sāraṃ vineṣyan sagaṇasya śatroḥ) Kirātārjunīya 16.25.

1) Captivating, charming; हार्योऽयं विषयो ब्रह्मन् गान्धर्वो नाम नामतः (hāryo'yaṃ viṣayo brahman gāndharvo nāma nāmataḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.19.49.

-ryaḥ 1 A snake.

2) The tree called Bibhītaka.

3) The dividend (in math.).

-ryā A kind of sandal-wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hārya (हार्य) or Hāryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) 1. To be taken, to be taken away. 2. To be shaken, to be unsettled. 3. To be attracted, to be influenced. m.

(-ryaḥ) 1. Beleric myrobalan. 2. A serpent. 3. The dividend, (in math.) E. hṛ to take, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hārya (हार्य).—[adjective] to be taken away or stolen; ravishing, charming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hārya (हार्य):—[from hara] a mfn. to be borne or carried, [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] to be taken away or carried off or robbed or appropriated, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] to be shaken or altered (See a-h)

4) [v.s. ...] to be won over or bribed, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Vāsavadattā]

5) [v.s. ...] to be acted (as a play), [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) to be divided, the dividend, [Āryabhaṭa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] captivating, charming, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1429]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a serpent, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Bellerica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Hāryā (हार्या):—[from hārya > hara] f. a kind of sandal wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Hārya (हार्य):—b See p. 1289, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harya (हर्य):—haryyati 1. a. To go; to desire; to be weary.

2) Hārya (हार्य):—[(ryyaḥ-ryyā-ryyaṃ) a.] That should be taken. m. Beleric myrobalan.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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