Ghantarava, Ghaṇṭārava, Ghanta-rava, Ghamtarava: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ghantarava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ghantarava in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Ghaṇṭāravā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ghantarava in Shaivism glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Agnivaktrā they preside over Airuḍī: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the vajra and śakti. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ghantarava in Shaktism glossary
Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Ghaṇṭāravā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Ghaṇṭāravā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

1) Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Agnimukhī Devī they preside over Eruḍī: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Their weapon is the vajra and śakti and their abode is the kāñcana-tree. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

2) Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव) is also mentioned as the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector), who, together with Vidyunmukhī Devī preside over Pṛṣṭhāpura. Their weapon is the daṇḍa and śakti.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ghantarava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव).—

1) a species of hemp (Mar. turī, śaṇapuṣpikā, laghutāga i.)

2) sound of a bell; घण्टारवः शणसुमे घण्टानादे च पुंसि वा (ghaṇṭāravaḥ śaṇasume ghaṇṭānāde ca puṃsi vā) Nm.

Derivable forms: ghaṇṭāravaḥ (घण्टारवः).

Ghaṇṭārava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ghaṇṭā and rava (रव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा).—f.

(-vā) Crotolaria of various species. E. ghaṇṭā, and rava sound; the seed rattling within the husk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव).—I. m. the sound of a bell, [Pañcatantra] 229, 15. Ii. f. , crotolaria of various species.

Ghaṇṭārava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ghaṇṭā and rava (रव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव).—[masculine] the sound of a bell.

--- OR ---

Ghaṇṭārāva (घण्टाराव).—[masculine] the sound of a bell.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṇṭārava (घण्टारव):—[=ghaṇṭā-rava] [from ghaṇṭā > ghaṇṭa] m. the sound of a bell, [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Rāga

3) Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा):—[=ghaṇṭā-ravā] [from ghaṇṭā-rava > ghaṇṭā > ghaṇṭa] f. Crotolaria of various species, [Caraka i, 1, 77 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) Ghaṇṭārāva (घण्टाराव):—[=ghaṇṭā-rāva] [from ghaṇṭā > ghaṇṭa] m. = -rava, [Hitopadeśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṇṭāravā (घण्टारवा):—[ghaṇṭā-ravā] (vā) 1. f. Crotolaria.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghantarava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ghantarava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghaṃṭārava (ಘಂಟಾರವ):—[noun] = ಘಂಟಾಘೋಷ [ghamtaghosha].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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