Erudi, Eruḍī: 2 definitions



Erudi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Semantic Scholar: The Brahmayāmalatantra (dissertation)

1) Eruḍī (एरुडी) is the name of a cow-faced Goddess at the Bherāghāt temple.—The non-Sanskrit names of some goddesses might suggest locally meaningful identities. Dehejia draws attention to the Yoginī labelled “Teramvā” at the Bherāghāt temple, identical to Durgā “Mahiṣāsuramardinī” in iconographic type. One might mention the cow-faced Eruḍi of the same site.

2) Eruḍī (एरुडी) or Eruḍikā is the name of a a Śaiva pīṭha listed in the Tantrasadbhāva (13.74b and 15.70b). Eruḍī is also mentioned by Abhinavagupta in Tantrāloka 15.91a (as Eruḍikā). The Bherāghāt Yoginī is perhaps connected to the pīṭha by this name, but there are no grounds for linking the Eruḍī-pīṭha to the Bherāghāt region.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Eruḍī (एरुडी) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Eruḍī] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Eruḍī is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Agnimukhī accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Ghaṇṭārava. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the vajra and śakti and their abode (residence) is mentioned as being the kāñcana-tree.

Note: The Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22) mentions Airuḍī, associated with the Goddess (Devī) named Agnivaktrā, the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Ghaṇṭārava, and the weapons named vajra and śakti.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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