Gandaka, aka: Gaṇḍaka, Gaṇḍakā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “gecko”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Gaṇḍaka is part of the sub-group named Bhūmiśaya, refering to animals “who sleep in burrows in earth”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Gandaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gaṇḍaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is the name of the servant of the Jetavana (jetavana-ārāmika).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Kien ti (Gaṇḍaka) was the brother of king Po sseu ni (Prasenajit); he was handsome (abhirūpa), kind (bhadra) and endowed with an excellent heart (kalyāṇāśaya). A high court lady fell in love with him, called him secretly and asked him to follow her, but Gaṇḍaka refused. The lady became very angry and slandered him to the king, placing the blame on him. On hearing this, the king had him cut into pieces (gaṇḍa-gaṇḍa) and thrown into a cemetery (śmaśana). As he was not yet dead, a rākṣas tiger-wolf came during the night to feed him. Then the Buddha came to him and shone his rays on him; his limbs reunited at once and his heart felt great joy. (Also see Divyāvadāna, p. 153–155 )

The same Gaṇḍaka, called Gaṇḍa in the Pāli sources, appears also in another story. The gardener of king Prasenajit, he went one day to the palace to offer the king a ripe mango (ambapakka). But meeting the Buddha on the way who was on his begging round, he offered it to him instead. The Buddha ate it at once and gave the seed (aṭṭhi) to Ānanda to plant in the garden at the gate of the city. A tree grew out of it immediately to the height of one hundred cubits, laden with flowers and fruits. (also see Jātaka, IV, p. 264–265 and Dhammapadaṭṭha, III, p. 206–208)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Gaṇḍaka.—(EI 21), name of a coin; cf. gaṇdā. (EI 27), an official designation. Note: gaṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Gaṇḍaka.—same as gaṇḍā. Cf. kākinī. Note: gaṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Gandaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gaṇḍaka : (m.) a rhinoceros.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍaka, (adj.) having boils Sdhp.103. (Page 241)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक).—[gaṇḍa svārthe ka]

1) A rhinoceros.

2) An impediment, obstacle.

3) A joint, knot.

4) A mark, spot.

5) A boil, tumour, pimple.

6) Disjunction, separation.

7) A coin of the value of four cowries.

8) A mode of reckoning by fours.

9) Astrological science.

Derivable forms: gaṇḍakaḥ (गण्डकः).

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Gaṇḍakā (गण्डका).—A lump, a ball.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gandakavati
Gaṇḍakavatī (गण्डकवती).—see गण्डकी (gaṇḍakī) q. v.Gaṇḍakavatī is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Mantragandaka
Mantragaṇḍaka (मन्त्रगण्डक).—knowledge, science. Derivable forms: mantragaṇḍakaḥ (मन्त्रगण्डकः)...
Ganda
Gaṇḍa (गण्ड).—m. (nt. ? compare also gaṇḍikā and gaṇḍaka), (1) stalk of a plant (in this sense,...
Mahi
Mahī (मही) is the name of a river mentioned by the Buddha while teaching the practice of disgus...
Gandaki
Gaṇḍakī (गण्डकी) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) or River mentioned in ...
Bhumishaya
Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—A king in ancient India. Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 166, verse 75 say...
Gatika
Gatika (गतिक).—(1) m., a recourse, refuge: Kv 53.21 (prose) agatikānāṃ gatiko bhava, advīpānāṃ...
Pancaganda
Pañcagaṇḍa (पञ्चगण्ड).—(ka) , adj., see s.vv. gaṇḍa, gaṇḍaka.

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