Gandaka, aka: Gaṇḍaka, Gaṇḍakā; 7 Definition(s)
Gandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “gecko”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Gaṇḍaka is part of the sub-group named Bhūmiśaya, refering to animals “who sleep in burrows in earth”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gaṇḍaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक) is the name of the servant of the Jetavana (jetavana-ārāmika).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Kien ti (Gaṇḍaka) was the brother of king Po sseu ni (Prasenajit); he was handsome (abhirūpa), kind (bhadra) and endowed with an excellent heart (kalyāṇāśaya). A high court lady fell in love with him, called him secretly and asked him to follow her, but Gaṇḍaka refused. The lady became very angry and slandered him to the king, placing the blame on him. On hearing this, the king had him cut into pieces (gaṇḍa-gaṇḍa) and thrown into a cemetery (śmaśana). As he was not yet dead, a rākṣas tiger-wolf came during the night to feed him. Then the Buddha came to him and shone his rays on him; his limbs reunited at once and his heart felt great joy. (Also see Divyāvadāna, p. 153–155 )
The same Gaṇḍaka, called Gaṇḍa in the Pāli sources, appears also in another story. The gardener of king Prasenajit, he went one day to the palace to offer the king a ripe mango (ambapakka). But meeting the Buddha on the way who was on his begging round, he offered it to him instead. The Buddha ate it at once and gave the seed (aṭṭhi) to Ānanda to plant in the garden at the gate of the city. A tree grew out of it immediately to the height of one hundred cubits, laden with flowers and fruits. (also see Jātaka, IV, p. 264–265 and Dhammapadaṭṭha, III, p. 206–208)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geogprahy
Gaṇḍaka.—(EI 21), name of a coin; cf. gaṇdā. (EI 27), an official designation. Note: gaṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Gaṇḍaka.—same as gaṇḍā. Cf. kākinī. Note: gaṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
gaṇḍaka : (m.) a rhinoceros.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Gaṇḍaka, (adj.) having boils Sdhp.103. (Page 241)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Gaṇḍaka (गण्डक).—[gaṇḍa svārthe ka]
1) A rhinoceros.
2) An impediment, obstacle.
3) A joint, knot.
4) A mark, spot.
5) A boil, tumour, pimple.
6) Disjunction, separation.
7) A coin of the value of four cowries.
8) A mode of reckoning by fours.
9) Astrological science.
Derivable forms: gaṇḍakaḥ (गण्डकः).
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Gaṇḍakā (गण्डका).—A lump, a ball.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 5 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Mantragaṇḍaka (मन्त्रगण्डक).—knowledge, science. Derivable forms: mantragaṇḍakaḥ (मन्त्रगण्डकः)...
Mahī (मही) is the name of a river mentioned by the Buddha while teaching the practice of disgus...
Gaṇḍā (गण्डा).—A dāsī, who served the saptarṣis. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 93).
Gaṇḍakī (गण्डकी) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) or River mentioned in ...
Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—A king in ancient India. Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 166, verse 75 say...
Search found 11 books and stories containing Gandaka, Gaṇḍaka or Gaṇḍakā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 11 - Origin of the story of Gaṇḍaka < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Act 5.8: The weak, the sick and the crippled are healed < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Introduction to third volume < [Introductions]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 3 - Country of Fei-she-li (Vaishali) < [Book VII - Five Countries]
Chapter 2 - Country of Kie-pi-lo-fa-su-tu (Kapilavastu) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 2 - The greatness of Śivaliṅgas < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 5 - The nineteen incarnations of Śiva < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Śrī Śrī Rādhikā Aṣṭottara-Śata-Nāma-Stotraṃ (by Śrīla Raghunātha Dāsa Gosvāmi)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)