Du, Dū: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Du means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Du (दु).—A technical term in the Jainendra Vyakarana for the term वृद्ध (vṛddha) which is used in Panini's grammar and which is defined by Panini in the rule वृद्धिर्यस्याचामादिस्तद् वृद्धम् (vṛddhiryasyācāmādistad vṛddham) P. I. 1.73.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dū.—(IE 8-1; LP), abbreviation of Dūtaka. Note: is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Du°, 2 in cpds. meaning two°; see dvi B II. (Page 324)

2) Du°, 1 (& before vowels dur°) (indecl.) (Sk. duḥ & duṣ=Gr. duζ—, Oir. du-, Ohg. zur-, zer-; antithetic prefix, generally opposed to su°=Gr. eu)— etc. Ultimately identical with du2 in sense of asunder, apart, away from= opposite or wrong) 1. syllable of exclamation (=duḥ) “bad, woe” (beginning the word du (j) —jīvitaṃ) DhA.II, 6, 10=PvA.280, cp. J.III, 47; Bdhgh’s explanation of the syllable see at Vism.494.—2. prefix, implying perverseness, difficulty, badness (cp. dukkha). Original form *duḥ is preserved at dur- before vowels, but assimilated to a foll. consonant according to the rules of Assimilation, i.e. the cons. is doubled, with changes of v to bb & usual lengthening before r (but also du°). For purposes of convenience all cpds. with du° are referred to the simplex, e.g. dukkaṭa is to be looked up under kata, duggati under gati etc.

See: A. dur°. akkhāta, accaya, atikkama, atta, adhiroha, anta, annaya, abhisambhava; āgata, ājāna, āyuta, āsada; itthi; ukkhepa, ubbaha.—B. du°: (k)kata, kara; (g)ga, gata, gati, gandha, gahīta; (c)caja, carita, cola; (j)jaha, jāna, jivha, jīvita; (t)tappaya, tara; (d)dama, dasika; (n)naya, nikkhaya, nikkhitta, niggaha, nijjhāpaya, nibbedha, nīta; (p)pañña, paṭiānaya, paṭinissaggin, paṭipadā, paṭivijjha, paṭivedha, pabhajja, pamuñca, pameyya, parihāra, payāta, pasu, peyya, posa; (p)phassa; (bb=b): bala, balika, budha; (bb=v): dubbaca=) vaca, vacana, vaṇṇa, vijāna, vidū, vinivijjha, visodha, vuṭṭhika; (b) bhaga, bhara, bhāsita, bhikkha; (m)mati, mana, maṅku, mukha, mejjha, medha; (y)yiṭṭha, yuja, yutta; (du+r)=du-ratta, ropaya (dū+r): dū-rakkha; (l)labha; (s)saddhapaya, sassa, saha, sīla; hara. (Page 324)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍū (डू).—ad Imit. of the grunt of an eager hog.

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ḍū (डू).—m f ḍūba m Copiousness, profusion, exceeding abundance. v hō, gāja, māja, māta.

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du (दु).—The form assumed in comp. by dōna Two; also by dur. Some such compounds are inserted; but the learner must be prepared to hear in speech hundreds which are omitted.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍu (डु).—mf ḍūba m Copiousness, profusion, ex- ceeding abundance.

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ḍū (डू).—or ḍū a Beardless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Du (दु).—I. 5 P. (dunoti, duta or dūna)

1) To burn, consume with fire; स भस्मसाच्चकारारीन्दुदाव च कृतान्तवत् (sa bhasmasāccakārārīndudāva ca kṛtāntavat) Bk.14.85.

2) To torment, afflict, distress; उद्भासीनि जलेजानि दुन्वन्त्य- दयितं जनम् (udbhāsīni jalejāni dunvantya- dayitaṃ janam) Bk.6.74;5.98;17.99; (mukham) तव विश्रान्तकथं दुनोति माम् (tava viśrāntakathaṃ dunoti mām) R.8.55.

3) To pain, produce sorrow; वर्ण- प्रकर्षे सति कर्णिकारं दुनोति निर्गन्धतया स्म चेतः (varṇa- prakarṣe sati karṇikāraṃ dunoti nirgandhatayā sma cetaḥ) Ku.3.28.

4) (Intrans.) To be afflicted or pained; देहि सुन्दरि दर्शनं मम मन्मथेन दुनोमि (dehi sundari darśanaṃ mama manmathena dunomi) Gīt.3.7. -Pass. (or 4 Ā. according to some) To be afflicted or pained &c.; नायातः सखि निर्दयो यदि शठस्त्वं दूति किं दूयसे (nāyātaḥ sakhi nirdayo yadi śaṭhastvaṃ dūti kiṃ dūyase) Gīt.7; Ku.5.12,48; R.1.7; 16.21. -II. 1 P. (davati) To go, move.

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Dū (दू).—4 Ā. (dūyate, dūna)

1) To be afflicted, suffer pain, be sorry; न दूये सात्वतीसूनुर्यन्मह्यमपराध्यति (na dūye sātvatīsūnuryanmahyamaparādhyati) Śi.2.11; कथमथ वञ्चयते जनमनुगतमसमशरज्वरदूनम् (kathamatha vañcayate janamanugatamasamaśarajvaradūnam) Gīt.8. 'afflicted or distressed &c.' see दु (du) pass.

2) To give or cause pain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Du (दु).—(°-) (= Pali id.) for Sanskrit dvi-, stem for numeral two, § 3.117, especially in cpds.: see duguṇa, dupadendra, durūpa, ekadukāye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Du (दु).—r. 1st cl. (davati) To go, to move. (dunīti) r. 5th cl. (o, dū) oduṭu 1. To be in pain, to burn morally or figuratively. 2. To cause pain, anxiety, &c. 3. to burn, to heat. gatau bhvā0 pa0 aka0 aniṭ . upatāpe svā0 pa0 saka0 seṭ .

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Dū (दू).—[(o, ṅa) odūṅa] r. 4th cl. (dūyate) 1. To suffer or be consumed with pain. 2. To inflict pain or anxiety. divā0 ā0 aka0 seṭ .

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Dū (दू).—f.

(-dūḥ) Pain, distress. E. dū, and kvip aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Du (दु).—ii. 5, [Parasmaipada.] (also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 1, 3289), i. 4, dūya, [Ātmanepada.] (in epic poetry also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 4, 591). 1. To burn morally or figuratively, to be in pain, Mahābhārata 3, 10069; [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 3, 9; Mahābhārata 3, 1371. 2. To burn, to afflict, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 14, 9. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. 1. dūna, Suffering pain, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 8, 7. 2. duta, Tormented, [Śiśupālavadha] 6, 59.

— With the prep. ā ā, To grieve, Mahābhārata 1, 3289 (ii. 5, Atm.).

— With pari pari, 1. To burn violently, Mahābhārata 6, 5779. 2. To suffer pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 35, 34.

— With pra pra, 1. To be consumed by fire, Mahābhārata 13, 1800 (i. 4). 2. To torment, [Suśruta] 1, 18, 5 (ii. 5).

— With vi vi, To suffer pain, Mahābhārata 1, 3289 (ii. 5, [Ātmanepada.]); 2171 (i. 4, [Parasmaipada.]).

— Cf. dāva, etc., probably also

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Du (दु).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To go, to move.

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Dū (दू).— = 1. du.

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Dū (दू).—[dū-], for dus, before following r; cf. dūrakṣya under rakṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Du (दु).—1. dunoti (dunvate) [participle] dūna q.v. (& duta) burn, grieve (tr. & [intransitive]); [Passive] dūyate (ti) only [intransitive] [Causative] dāvayati = [Simple] tr.

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Du (दु).—2. = 1 div; only daviṣāṇi.

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Dū (दू).—[feminine] = 1 duvas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Du (दु):—1. du (or ) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 46]) davati ([perfect tense] dudāva; [future] doṣyati, dotā; [Aorist] adāvīt or adauṣīt, [Vopadeva]),

—to go:—[Causal] dāvayati or davayati (See sub voce) Actually occurring only in [subjunctive] [Aorist] daviṣāṇi, [Ṛg-veda x, 34, 5], ‘na d ebhih’, (?) I will not go id est. have intercourse with them (the dice). cf. δύω, δύνω, δεύομαι.

2) Dū (दू):—1a (or du) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 46]) davati ([perfect tense] dudāva; [future] doṣyati, dotā; [Aorist] adāvīt or adauṣīt, [Vopadeva]),

2) —to go:—[Causal] dāvayati or davayati (See sub voce) Actually occurring only in [subjunctive] [Aorist] daviṣāṇi, [Ṛg-veda x, 34, 5], ‘na d ebhih’, (?) I will not go id est. have intercourse with them (the dice). cf. δύω, δύνω, δεύομαι.

3) Du (दु):—2. du (also written ), [class] 5. [Parasmaipada] [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvii, 10; xxvi, 24]) dunoti, dūyate ([Epic] also ti; [perfect tense] dudāva; [future] doṣyati; [Aorist] adauṣīt; [infinitive mood] dotum),

—to be burnt, to be consumed with internal heat or sorrow (Pres. dunoti, [Mahābhārata iii, 10069; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 2, 17; Gīta-govinda iii, 9] ; but oftener dūyate, which is at once [Passive voice]), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Kāvya literature] etc.;

— (only dunoti) to burn, consume with fire, cause internal heat, pain, or sorrow, afflict, distress, [Atharva-veda ix, 4, 18; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kāvya literature] :—[Causal] dāvayati [Aorist] adūduvat:—[Desiderative] dudūṣati:—[Intensive] dodūyate, dodoti.

4) cf. δαίω. for δαϝιω; δύη, pain; Lit. davyti, to torment; Sl. daviti, to worry.

5) Dū (दू):—2a (also written du), [class] 5. [Parasmaipada] [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvii, 10; xxvi, 24]) dunoti, dūyate ([Epic] also ti; [perfect tense] dudāva; [future] doṣyati; [Aorist] adauṣīt; [infinitive mood] dotum),

—to be burnt, to be consumed with internal heat or sorrow (Pres. dunoti, [Mahābhārata iii, 10069; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 2, 17; Gīta-govinda iii, 9] ; but oftener dūyate, which is at once [Passive voice]), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Kāvya literature] etc.;

— (only dunoti) to burn, consume with fire, cause internal heat, pain, or sorrow, afflict, distress, [Atharva-veda ix, 4, 18; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kāvya literature] :—[Causal] dāvayati [Aorist] adūduvat:—[Desiderative] dudūṣati:—[Intensive] dodūyate, dodoti.

6) cf. δαίω. for δαϝιω; δύη, pain; Lit. davyti, to torment; Sl. daviti, to worry.

7) [from dur] 1b in [compound] for dus above.

8) 2b f. ([from] √2. du) pain, distress.

9) 3. = 2. duvas, only [nominative case] [accusative] [plural] duvas, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. a-dū).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Du (दु):—davati 1. a. To go. (na, o, ṭu) dunoti 5. a. To pain; to burn.

2) Dū (दू):—(o, ṅa) dūyate 4. a. To suffer; or to inflict pain.

3) (dūḥ) 3. f. Pain, distress.

[Sanskrit to German]

Du in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Du (दु):——an allomorph of [do] used as the first member in numerous compound words; ~[annī] a two-anna coin; ~[amlī] see [rāja; ~āba (~ābā)] a tract of land lying in between two rivers; ~[gānā] a duet; ~[gunā] double; two-fold; ~[cittā] double-minded; irresolute, uncertain; ~[taraphā] bilateral, two-sided; ~[tallā] double-storeyed; ~[dhārā] double-edged; ~[dhārī] double-edged; ~[nālī] double-barrelled; ~[paṭṭā] a rochet, scarf, an overall cover cloth; ~[paliyā] having two folds, double-folded; a kind of cap; ~[pahara] noon, mid-day; ~[pahariyā] a small plant that grows red flowers; ~[paharī] see [pahara; ~phasalī] growing in both the crops—rabi: and kharif; indefinite, uncertain; ~[bārā] a second time, once again; ~[vidhā] uncertainty; suspense; ~[bhāṣiyā] an interpreter; ~[maṃjilā] double-storeyed; ~[māhī] bimonthly; ~[muṃhā] double-mouthed, double-tongued; ~[raṃgā] two-coloured; duplex, treacherous, equivocal; ~[rāja] diarchy; ~[rājī] diarchical government, diarchical system; ~[rukhā] double-sided; bilateral; ~[laḍā] double-stringed (necklace etc.); ~[lattī] two-legged kick, kick with the two hind legs (as by a horse or an ass); ~[śālā] a double shawl; shawl; ~[sūtī] a kind of thick cloth with double warp and woof; ~[hatthā] double-handed; fitted with two hands; ~[hatthī] a double-handed stroke; ~[harā] see [duharā; ~hājū] married a second time.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Du (दु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dvi.

2) Du (दु) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dru.

3) Du (दु) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dvis.

4) Du (दु) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dur.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Du (ದು):—[noun] the number two.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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