Durdhara, Dur-dhara: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Durdhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Durdhara (दुर्धर) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Durdhara (दुर्धर): A son of Dhritarashtra killed by Bhima in the war.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Durdharā (दुर्धरा) is the name of a Piśācī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Durdharā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Durdhara (दुर्धर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Durdhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Durdhara (दुर्धर) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the northern row), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Vinami made at once sixty cities in a northern row at the command of the Nāga-king. [viz., Durdhara]. Vinami himself, who had resorted to Dharaṇendra, inhabited the city Gaganavallabha, the capital of these. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Durdhara] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durdhara (दुर्धर).—a S Difficult of seizure, apprehension, or attainment. 2 (Poetry.) Difficult, dangerous, dreadful, impracticable, rigorous, austere, harsh, hard &c. freely. Ex. tapa karīta du0 || aṅgīṃ cālalā dharmapūra ||; also mahādurdhara kānana ||.

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durdhara (दुर्धर).—m S A division of the infernal regions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

durdhara (दुर्धर).—a Difficult of seizure, apprehen- sion, or attainment. Difficult.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durdhara (दुर्धर).—a.

1) irresistible, difficult to be stopped.

2) difficult to be borne or suffered; दुर्धरेण मदनेन साद्यते (durdhareṇa madanena sādyate) Ghat.11; Ms.7.28.

3) difficult to be accomplished.

4) difficult to be kept in memory.

-raḥ quicksilver.

Durdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durdhara (दुर्धर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Difficult to be sustained or borne, troublesome, unbearable. 2. Irresistible, difficult to be restrained. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A division of hell. 2. A kind of drug, commonly Rishabha. 3. The name of an Asura or Titan. E. dur bad, ill, dhara having, possessing; it is also written durddhara . duḥkhena dhāryate dur + dhṛ-karmaṇi khal .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durdhara (दुर्धर).—adj., f. . 1. difficult to be borne, Mahābhārata 5, 4403. 2. hard to be supported, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8293. 3. hard to be managed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 28. 4. hard to be kept in remembrance, Mahābhārata 13, 3618. Dhanus, adj. sbst. armed with a bow, an archer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 74.

Durdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durdhara (दुर्धर).—[adjective] hard to be borne, held, restrained, administered (punishment), kept in mind or recollected; [masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Durdhara (दुर्धर):—[=dur-dhara] [from dur] mfn. difficult to be carried or borne or suffered, unrestrainable, irresistible, [Ṛg-veda i, 57, 1; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] d° to be administered (punishment), [Manu-smṛti vii, 28]

3) [v.s. ...] d° to be kept in memory or recollected, [Mahābhārata xiii, 3618]

4) [v.s. ...] inevitable, absolutely necessary (suffix), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 2, 51]

5) [v.s. ...] m. quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of two plants (ṛṣabha and bhallātaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of hell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of. Dhṛta-rāṣṭra (cf. -dharṣa), [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of one of Śambara’s generals, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] of Mahiṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Durdharā (दुर्धरा):—[=dur-dharā] [from dur-dhara > dur] f. Name of a [particular] constellation (cf. durudharā)

12) [v.s. ...] of Candra-gupta’s wife, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durdhara (दुर्धर):—[dur-dhara] (raḥ) 1. m. A division of hell; a drug, a demon. a. Hard to be got or borne; irresistible.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Durdhara (दुर्धर):—

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Durdhara (दुर्धर):—

1) a) maṇi [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 57, 38.] haya [Spr. 4984.] veśyāḥ [kāvyādarśa 3, 117.] saṃgrāma (rakṣas) [Kathāsaritsāgara 79, 38.] —

3) f. ā Bez. einer best. Constellation [Oxforder Handschriften 331,a,2]; vgl. durudharā .

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Durdhara (दुर्धर):—

1) c) schwer aufzuhalten so v. a. unumgänglich, nothwendig: ein Suffix [VĀMANA 5, 2, 51.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Durdhara (दुर्धर):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) schwer zu tragen , — halten , — ertragen , dessen Andrang schwer zu widerstehen ist , unaufhaltsam , unhemmbar. daṇḍa m. (Stock , Strafe) schwer zu halten , so v.a. schwer zu führen , — auszuüben. — b) schwer im Gedächtniss zu behalten. — c) schwer zurückzuhalten , so v.a. unumgänglich , nothwendig.

2) m. — a) *Quecksilber. — b) *eine best. auf dem Himavant wachsende Knolle. — c) *Semecarpus Anacardinm. — d) *eine best. Hölle. — e) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer. —

3) f. ā — a) eine best. Constellation. — b) Nomen proprium der Gattin Candragupta’s [Hemacandra's Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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