Duhkhin, Duḥkhin, Duḥkhī, Duhkhi: 13 definitions


Duhkhin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्) refers to “one who (always) suffers”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is not a Siddha: “He is excessively tall, bald, deformed, short, dwarfish, his nose is ugly or he has black teeth and is wrathful . Some of his limbs are missing and is deceitful, cripple and deformed, foolish, inauspicious, envious, deluded, badly behaved, and violent; without any teacher, he is devoid of the rites, he maligns the Krama without cause, he is not devoted to the Siddhas, he (always) suffers [i.e., duḥkhin] and is without wisdom. He is (always) ill and one should know that he is (always) attached (to worldly objects) and has no scripture. He has no energy and is dull and lazy. Ugly, he lives by cheating and, cruel, he is deluded, and devoid of (any) sense of reality. Such is the characteristic of one who is not accomplished (asiddha) in a past life”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Duḥkhī (दुःखी) refers to “one who is distressed”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Ever since I cast off my body born of Dakṣa on seeing my lord’s disrespect at the hands of my father at the altar of sacrifice, my lord Rudra is tormented by thoughts about me. [...] On account of me he was much distressed [i.e., mahā-duḥkhī]. He put on an abnormal dress. Ever since he forsook the excellent pleasure of love. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (samkhya philosophy)

Duḥkhī (दुःखी) refers to a “sad person”, according to Vācaspatimiśra’s commentary on Sāṅkhyakārikā (Kārikā 19).—Accordingly, [while equating udāsīna with neutrality—mādhyasthya]: “Therefore, because the three Guṇasare absent, neutrality [is mentioned]. A happy person who is satisfied with happiness and a sad person (duḥkhī) who detests sorrow are not neutral. Thus, one who is neutral is free of [happiness and sorrow] and he is also called udāsīna”.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्).—a.

1) Distressed, afflicted, pained.

2) Difficult, painful.

3) poor, miserable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्).—mfn. (-khī-khinī-khi) 1. Suffering pain, sorrowing, afflicted. 2. Difficult, painful. E. duḥkha, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्).—[adjective] = duḥkhita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्):—[from duḥkha] mfn. pained, afflicted, grieved, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्):—[(khī-khinī-khi) a.] Unhappy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Duḥkhin (दुःखिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dukkhi, Duhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Duhkhin in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Duhkhin in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Duḥkhī (दुःखी):—(a) sorrowful, sad, unhappy; grief-stricken, afflicted, woeful.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Duḥkhi (ದುಃಖಿ):—[adjective] = ದುಃಖಿತ [duhkhita]1.

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Duḥkhi (ದುಃಖಿ):—[noun] an aggrieved, distressed person.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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