Cincini, Ciñcinī, Ciñcinin, Cincinin: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Cincini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chinchini.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Cincini in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ciñcinī (चिञ्चिनी) is the name of a city on the shore of the sea, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter III, where the story of this city is told in “the founding of the city of Pāṭaliputra”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ciñcinī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Ciñcinī (चिञ्चिनी) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to Jayaratha (author of the 13th century commentary Tantrālokaviveka on Abhinavagupta’s Tantrāloka). Jayaratha cites the Brahmayāmala passage giving this order of the ten sounds (e.g., Ciñcinī). In the Svacchandatantra the ciñcinī sound is mentioned in connection with the prognostication of the time of death. This is taught as a simple method for Yogins who are not competent enough to observe the movement of the breath in order to determine impending death. The Yogin closes his ears with his thumbs and listens for any sounds that arise.

Ciñcinī corresponds with iḍā according to Dīkṣottara.—The Resonance is correlated with the three main channels of subtle yogic physiognomy. The left channel, known as iḍā, resonates with the ciñcinī sound, the right channel, called piṅgalā with the sound of a cricket (cīra) and the central suṣumnā channel reverberates like a bell. When the bell-like resonance in the central channel dies down the Yogin attains the silent, liberated state of Śiva.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Ciñcinin (चिञ्चिनिन्) (cf. Śrībimba) is the name of a deity, according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] (Thus the goddess) shone brilliantly like the lunar orb (candrabimba) there in the country of Śrībimba. She became intent (on exercising her) authority along with the Siddha and bestowed accomplishment. The Lord (nātha) also, who was very angry (for some reason), forcefully struck (and felled) by virtue of the intense (grace of the inward) piercing (of Kuṇḍalinī) with (his) gaze alone (the tree) called ‘tamarind’ (ciñca) and so is called the venerable Ciñcinin”.

2) Ciñcinī (चिञ्चिनी) refers to the Goddess Kubjikā, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—“[...] (The adept) should contemplate that crooked energy. Endless and tranquil (saumyarūpā), it is (the goddess) Ciñcinī (i.e. Kubjikā) who is the Supreme Power and the emanation (sṛṣṭi) (that occurs when) the withdrawal (of phenomenal existence) takes place. [...]”.—(Cf. Mālinīstava)

3) Ciñciṇī (चिञ्चिणी) is the name of the tree associated with Kāmarūpa, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to chapter 10 of the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—If the scheme in the Yogakhaṇḍa is not the first example of this model, the other most likely candidate is found in chapter ten of the Kularatnoddyota, which is an early Tantra of the Kubjikā corpus. [...] In this set-up each of the four sacred seats corresponds to a cosmic age and has a tree [i.e., Ciñciṇī], creeper, cave, monastery (maṭha), goddess, Siddha, and guardian of the field. The layout can be tabulated as follows.

4) Ciñcinī (चिञ्चिनीनाथ) or Ciñcinīnātha  is another name for Ciñcanātha, which refers to the ‘Lord of the Kula’ associated with Candra, one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

5) Ciñciṇī (चिञ्चिनीनाथ) is also mentioned the Tree associated with Kāmarūpa, another one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the same Yogakhaṇḍa.

6) Ciñciṇī (बिल्व) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Ciñciṇī] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Cincini in India is the name of a plant defined with Tamarindus indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Tamarindus officinalis Hook. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanical Magazine (4563)
· Journal of Tree Sciences (1985)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1997)
· Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Plant Sciences (1990)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1988)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Cincini, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ciñciṇī (चिंचिणी).—f C A plant of the Mimosa tribe, growing amidst grass and in rice-fields. Milch cattle are fed on it.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ciñciṇī (चिञ्चिणी):—[from ciñcāṭaka > ciñcā] f. the tamarind tree, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

2) [v.s. ...] ind. (onomatopoetic), [Haṃsa Upaniṣad] (also ciṇī).

3) Ciñcinī (चिञ्चिनी):—[from ciñcāṭaka > ciñcā] f. ‘rich in tamarind trees’, Name of a town, [Kathāsaritsāgara iii, 9.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Cincini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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