Cina, aka: Cīna, Cīnā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include China.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cīna (चीन) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “thread” or “banner”. The plant Cīna is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Cīna is said to be cold, unctuous, non-heavy, promoting the stability of and alleviates the three doṣas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Cīna (चीन).—(c) a northern kingdom;1 unfit for śrāddha;2 people of.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 7; 18. 46; 31. 83.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 16. 16.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 42; 58. 83.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cīnā (चीना) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.47.19, II.47.22, III.48.21, III.174.12, V.19.15, V.72.14, VI.10.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cīnā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Cīna refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Cīna probably corresponds to the Chinese.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Cīna (चीन) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Cīna] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The Pali name of China. It is several times mentioned in the Milindapanha (121, 327), once as a place where ships congregate (359). Nagasena speaks (121) of a contemporary Cinaraja who could charm the ocean by an Act of Truth and could enter the ocean to a distance of one league in his chariot drawn by lions, the waves rolling back at his approach.

The Apadana (ii.359) speaks of the Cinarattha in a list of countries and tribes.

The Commentaries (E.g., VibbA.159) speak of the softness of Chinese silk (Cinapata).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

cīṇa (चीण).—f ( P) The ruffle or plaits of a garment. 2 A crack or an opening (as in a wall or floor). 3 C (ciṇaṇēṃ) A well-beaten terrace or floor.

--- OR ---

cīna (चीन).—m n The root of cinī (a variety of yam). 2 m f ( P) The ruffle or plaits of a garment. 3 f (Better cīṇa) A crack or fissure. 4 n or cīna- rēśīma n An inferior kind of silk.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cīṇa (चीण).—f The ruffle of a garment. A crack. A well-beaten floor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cīna (चीन).—[ci-nak pṛṣo ° dīrghaḥ]

1) Name of a country, the modern China.

2) A kind of deer.

3) A sort of cloth.

4) A thread.

-nāḥ m. (pl.) The rulers or people of China.

-nam 1 A banner.

2) A kind of bandage for the corners of the eyes.

3) Lead.

Derivable forms: cīnaḥ (चीनः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cīna (चीन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A kind of deer. 2. A sort of panic, (Panicum miliaceum.) 3. A country, China. 4. A sort of cloth 5. A thread. n.

(-naṃ) 1. A banner, (perhaps made of deer skin.) 2. Lead. E. ci to collect, nak affix, and the deriv. irr. pṛṣo dīrghaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 30 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cinamshuka
Cīnāṃśuka (चीनांशुक).—n. (-kaṃ) China cloth, silk. E. cīna, and aṃśuka cloth.
Cinapishta
Cīnapiṣṭa (चीनपिष्ट).—m. (-ṣṭaḥ) 1. Minium or red-lead. E. cīna China, and piṣṭa cake; brought ...
Cinaja
Cīnaja (चीनज).—n. (-jaṃ) Steel. E. cīna, and ja produced. cīne jāyate jaḥ .
Mahacina
Mahācīna (महाचीन) is the name of a country (possibly identified with Mongolia), classified as K...
Cina-kkanakam
Cīna-kkanakam.—(IE 8-8), Tamil; ‘the Chinese gold coin’. Note: cīna-kkanakam is defined in the ...
Cina-tungabhadra
Cina-tuṅgabhadra is the name of a major historic river of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The evol...
Cina-kkanakkam
Cīna-kkanakkam.—Tamil; ‘Chinese gold coin’. Note: cīna-kkanakkam is defined in the “Indian epig...
Cina-pagoda
Cīna-pagoda.—(SII 12), ‘Chinese shrine’; name of a Buddhist temple at Nāgapaṭṭanam. Note: cīna-...
Cinadaru
Cīnadāru (चीनदारु).—Cinamon (Mar. dālacinī); एलां च देवकुसुमं त्वक्पत्रं चीनदारु च (elāṃ ca dev...
Cinakarpura
Cīnakarpūra (चीनकर्पूर).—a kind of camphor. Derivable forms: cīnakarpūraḥ (चीनकर्पूरः).Cīnakarp...
Cinavasu
Cīnavasu (चीनवसु).—lead.Derivable forms: cīnavasum (चीनवसुम्).Cīnavasu is a Sanskrit compound c...
Cinapatta
Cīnapaṭṭa (चीनपट्ट).—1) lead. 2) China silk; Kau. A.2.11. Derivable forms: cīnapaṭṭam (चीनपट्टम...
Cinavasas
Cīnavāsas (चीनवासस्).—n. China-cloth, silk, silken cloth; चीनांशुक- मिव केतोः प्रतिवातं नीयमानस...
Yavana
Yavana (यवन) is the name of a country (possibly identified with the Greek), classified as Hādi ...
Asikni
Asiknī (असिक्नी) is Dakṣa’s wife and mother of Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.1. Accordin...

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