Avalokita: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Avalokita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित, “looking down”) also refers to a type of glance (dṛṣṭi), defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Accordingly, the instructions for this glance are: “(turning the eyeballs) towards the ground”.

2) Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. It is also known as avaloka. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “avalokita is when in the udvāhita the repeated kalās are in the descending scale”.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Avalokita (looking down): looking down. Usage: looking at a shadow, reflection (vicāra), bed, study, looking at one’s own body.

2) A type of glance (or facial expression): Avalokita: looking down. Usage: study (paṭhanā), reflection (vicāra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Avalokita (अवलोकित) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Avalokita).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Avalokita (अवलोकित) or Avalokitalokeśvara refers to number 44 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].

Accordingly,—

“Avalokita also is one-faced and two-armed and sits in the same attitude on a lotus. He wields the sword in his right hand and holds the stem of a lotus against the chest with his left”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Avalokita] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avalōkita (अवलोकित).—p (S) Contemplated, beheld, viewed: also seen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—p. p. Seen &c.

-taḥ Name of a Buddha.

-tam A look, glance; परिवृत्यावलोकितम् (parivṛtyāvalokitam) R.4.72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—(1) nt., and once °tā, f. (= Pali °ta, oftener apalokita, nt.), act of looking; a look, gaze: fem. only Lalitavistara 227.9—10 anyonya-mukhāvalokitayā rudanti sma, they wept with a gazing look at each other's faces; nt. Lalitavistara 84.5 siṃhāvalokitaṃ mahāpuruṣāvalokitaṃ vyavalokayati sma; Lalitavistara 191.17 (prāsādikena) avalokita-vyavalokitena (see s.v. vyavalokita), according to Tibetan, looking forward; Śikṣāsamuccaya 215.10 prasāritāvalokita-vilokita-supta-jāgarita-svaśarīragatopa- sthānaṃ; elsewhere in a similar cliché ālokita-(instead of ava°)-vilokita, q.v.; especially nāgāvalokita (= Pali id., oftener °palokita), the gaze of an elephant (turning the whole body), Mahāvastu iii.55.18 sarvāvantena kāyena (so read with v.l. for text kālena) nāgāvalokitena; Divyāvadāna 208.16—17 sarvakāyena nāgāvalokitena; Gaṇḍavyūha 48.15 nāgāvalokitena pratyudāvṛtya (q.v.); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.62.17; (2) nt., name of a work (called a vyākaraṇaṃ Mahāvastu ii.257.13; 259.4; but a sūtraṃ in the colophons, 293.15; 397.7) imbedded in the Mahāvastu in two forms, following one another, ii.257.6—293.15, and 293.16—397.7. The second of these, under the name Avalokana- (or °nā-)sūtra, q.v., was used (in a rather widely variant form) as one of the sources of Śikṣāsamuccaya. (3) m., said to be used for Avalokiteśvara, q.v.: Burnouf, Introd. 224 (and Sanskrit Lex.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Seen. m.

(-taḥ) A Baudd'ha. E. ava, and the part. past of lokṛ to see.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokitā (अवलोकिता).—[feminine] a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

2) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—guru of the physician Vāgbhaṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—[=ava-lokita] [from ava-lok] mfn. seen viewed, observed, viewed by, id est. being in sight of a planet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. = avalokiteśvara below

3) Avalokitā (अवलोकिता):—[=ava-lokitā] [from ava-lokita > ava-lok] f. Name of a woman, [Mālatīmādhava]

4) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—[=ava-lokita] [from ava-lok] n. looking at, beholding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. (also) Name of a poet, [Subhāṣitāvali]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Avalokita (अवलोकित):—(wie eben)

1) adj. s. u. lok mit ava . —

2) m. = avalokiteśvara [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 17.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 5, 18.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 230.] [Burnouf 224.]

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Avalokita (अवलोकित):—

3) f. ā Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers [MĀLATĪM. 4, 16. fgg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Avalokita (अवलोकित):——

1) m. — a) ein best. Tact [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 235.] — b) = avalokiteśvara

2) f. ā ein Frauenname. —

3) n. das Hinschauen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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