Avalokita: 17 definitions


Avalokita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित, “looking down”) also refers to a type of glance (dṛṣṭi), defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Accordingly, the instructions for this glance are: “(turning the eyeballs) towards the ground”.

2) Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. It is also known as avaloka. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “avalokita is when in the udvāhita the repeated kalās are in the descending scale”.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Avalokita (looking down): looking down. Usage: looking at a shadow, reflection (vicāra), bed, study, looking at one’s own body.

2) A type of glance (or facial expression): Avalokita: looking down. Usage: study (paṭhanā), reflection (vicāra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to “seeing” (an eclipsed disc), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] These evil effects, resulting from planetary look at eclipsed disc, apply as well to the time of termination of the eclipse as to its commencement. If Jupiter, a beneficent planet, should also see [i.e., avalokita] the eclipsed disc, the evils described will vanish in just the same way as the flame of fire dies out when water is poured over it”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to “having viewed” (the tree), according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā (verse 8.88cd-94a).—Accordingly, “[...] Ciñcinin (i.e., Śrīnātha) viewed (avalokita) the (tamarind) tree with the support of (the energy of the goddess) Ciñcinī and when it was broken, as a sign (of his) realisation, (the goddess) brought it back to life. Instructed in restraint and grace, she, the supreme power, was transmitted to him in a pure form and so he is said to be Ciñcinin. (Thus) by virtue of (this) power there are two Siddhas with the (same) name, Śrīnātha and Aṃvilī. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Avalokita (अवलोकित) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Avalokita).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Avalokita (अवलोकित) or Avalokitalokeśvara refers to number 44 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].


“Avalokita also is one-faced and two-armed and sits in the same attitude on a lotus. He wields the sword in his right hand and holds the stem of a lotus against the chest with his left”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Avalokita] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to “that which can be looked upon” (as opposed to Anavalokita—‘(that which) nobody can look at’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (4) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘The sun’, all good qualities will increase. (5) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Virtue’, there will be no impurity; (6) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘The highest peak’, nobody can look at the crown of the head (anavalokita-mūrdha); [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Avalokita (अवलोकित) refers to “(particular) look”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [after the four great kings requested the Bhagavān], “Then the Bhagavān, having taken a look with a Nāga-look (nāga-avalokita) and a look of all Tathāgatas (tathāgata-avalokita), addressed the whole Nāga assembly-gathering, ‘Let the Serpent chiefs listen to these dhāraṇī-mantrapadas’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avalōkita (अवलोकित).—p (S) Contemplated, beheld, viewed: also seen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—p. p. Seen &c.

-taḥ Name of a Buddha.

-tam A look, glance; परिवृत्यावलोकितम् (parivṛtyāvalokitam) R.4.72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—(1) nt., and once °tā, f. (= Pali °ta, oftener apalokita, nt.), act of looking; a look, gaze: fem. only Lalitavistara 227.9—10 anyonya-mukhāvalokitayā rudanti sma, they wept with a gazing look at each other's faces; nt. Lalitavistara 84.5 siṃhāvalokitaṃ mahāpuruṣāvalokitaṃ vyavalokayati sma; Lalitavistara 191.17 (prāsādikena) avalokita-vyavalokitena (see s.v. vyavalokita), according to Tibetan, looking forward; Śikṣāsamuccaya 215.10 prasāritāvalokita-vilokita-supta-jāgarita-svaśarīragatopa- sthānaṃ; elsewhere in a similar cliché ālokita-(instead of ava°)-vilokita, q.v.; especially nāgāvalokita (= Pali id., oftener °palokita), the gaze of an elephant (turning the whole body), Mahāvastu iii.55.18 sarvāvantena kāyena (so read with v.l. for text kālena) nāgāvalokitena; Divyāvadāna 208.16—17 sarvakāyena nāgāvalokitena; Gaṇḍavyūha 48.15 nāgāvalokitena pratyudāvṛtya (q.v.); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.62.17; (2) nt., name of a work (called a vyākaraṇaṃ Mahāvastu ii.257.13; 259.4; but a sūtraṃ in the colophons, 293.15; 397.7) imbedded in the Mahāvastu in two forms, following one another, ii.257.6—293.15, and 293.16—397.7. The second of these, under the name Avalokana- (or °nā-)sūtra, q.v., was used (in a rather widely variant form) as one of the sources of Śikṣāsamuccaya. (3) m., said to be used for Avalokiteśvara, q.v.: Burnouf, Introd. 224 (and Sanskrit Lex.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokita (अवलोकित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Seen. m.

(-taḥ) A Baudd'ha. E. ava, and the part. past of lokṛ to see.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokitā (अवलोकिता).—[feminine] a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

2) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—guru of the physician Vāgbhaṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—[=ava-lokita] [from ava-lok] mfn. seen viewed, observed, viewed by, id est. being in sight of a planet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. = avalokiteśvara below

3) Avalokitā (अवलोकिता):—[=ava-lokitā] [from ava-lokita > ava-lok] f. Name of a woman, [Mālatīmādhava]

4) Avalokita (अवलोकित):—[=ava-lokita] [from ava-lok] n. looking at, beholding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. (also) Name of a poet, [Subhāṣitāvali]

[Sanskrit to German]

Avalokita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of avalokita in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: