Bhuyishtha, Bhūyiṣṭha: 12 definitions


Bhuyishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūyiṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Bhuyistha or Bhuyishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhuyishtha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ) refers to “(most) frequently”, mentioned in verse 4.23 and 5.5 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] all possible diseases are caused by provocation and suppression of the natural urges. A cure (has been) given (only) for those which (occur) most frequently [viz. bhūyiṣṭha] among them”.

Note (verse 4.23): Tatra has been connected with nirdiṣṭa instead of bhūyiṣṭha and reproduced by ’dir, which rather corresponds to atra, a slight irregularity necessitated by the change in relation.—Bhūyiṣṭha [bhūyiṣṭham], which is an adverb in Sanskrit, has been turned adjectively in Tibetan: śin-tu maṅ-po (“most frequent”). The following relative ye has been omitted.

Note (verse 5.5): Bhūyiṣṭha [bhūyiṣṭham] (“most”) has been replaced by thaṅ-la gnas, lit. (“to be found in the steppe”), which proves beyond doubt that the basic text had bhūmiṣṭha [bhūmiṣṭham] (“terrestrial”) instead (thus also Candranandana, Hemādri, and Indu).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhuyishtha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ) refers to “most of them” (i.e., the beings with more than one sense), according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “In one minute living being there are organisms infinite times the emancipated souls. Thus the entire universe is densely filled with one-sensed beings with no interspace. To become a being with more than one sense is as difficult as finding out a very small piece of diamond buried in the sands of an ocean. Even among these most of them (bhūyiṣṭha) are endowed with imperfect senses (i.e. less than five senses). Hence birth as a five-sensed being is as rare as gratitude among the good qualities. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhuyishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ).—a. [atiśayena bahu iṣṭhan bhvādeśe yuk ca]

1) Most, most numerous or abundant.

2) Most important, principal, chief.

3) Very great or large, very much, much, many, numerous.

4) Chiefly or for the most part composed of, mostly composed or consisting of, chiefly filled with or characterized by (at the end of com.); अभिरूपभूयिष्ठा परिषद् (abhirūpabhūyiṣṭhā pariṣad) Ś.1; शूल्यमांसभूयिष्ठ आहारोऽश्यते (śūlyamāṃsabhūyiṣṭha āhāro'śyate) Ś.2; राष्ट्रेषु कतमत्सुपुरुषभूयिष्ठम् (rāṣṭreṣu katamatsupuruṣabhūyiṣṭham) Dk.; शिल्पदारिकाभूयिष्ठं परिजनम् (śilpadārikābhūyiṣṭhaṃ parijanam) M.5; R.4.7.

5) Almost, mostly, nearly all (usually after a past passive participle); अये उदितभूयिष्ठ एष तपनः (aye uditabhūyiṣṭha eṣa tapanaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; निर्वाणभूयिष्ठमथास्य वीर्यम् (nirvāṇabhūyiṣṭhamathāsya vīryam) Kumārasambhava 3.52; V.1.8.

-ṣṭham ind.

1) For the most part, mostly; भूयिष्ठमन्यविषया न तु दृष्टिरस्याः (bhūyiṣṭhamanyaviṣayā na tu dṛṣṭirasyāḥ) Ś.1.3.

2) Exceedingly, very much, in the highest degree; भूयिष्ठं भव दक्षिणा परिजने (bhūyiṣṭhaṃ bhava dakṣiṇā parijane) Ś.4.18; R.6.4;13.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) Many, very many, much, most: see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ).—see bahu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ).—([superlative]) most, greatest, chiefest; very abundant, numerous, or important; mostly consisting of, chiefly filled with or accompanied by (—°); nearly, almost (—° after a [participle], e.[grammar] gatabhūyiṣṭha nearly gone). [neuter] [adverb] mostly, chiefly, very much (also instr).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ):—[from bhū] mf(ā)n. ([according to] to [Pāṇini 6-4, 158] [superlative degree] of bahu) most numerous or abundant or great or important, chief principal, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. = having anything as chief part or ingredient, chiefly filled with or characterised by, nearly all, almost; cf. śūdra-bh, nirvāṇa-bh etc.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) a.] Many, much.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhūyiṣṭha (भूयिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhūiṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhuyishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhuyishtha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūyiṣṭha (ಭೂಯಿಷ್ಠ):—[adjective] most numerous; abundant.

--- OR ---

Bhūyiṣṭha (ಭೂಯಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [noun] the condition of being numerous; numerousness; abundance.

2) [noun] (collectively) relatives; kinsfolk.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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