Bibhatsa, Bībhatsa, Bībhatsā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bibhatsa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स) is a variant spelling for Bībhatsaka, a Sanskrit technical term referring to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Bībhatsa (बीभत्स) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Bībhatsa) various roles suitable to them.

2) Bībhatsa (बीभत्स) refers to the “odious” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the bībhatsa is blue (nīla), and the presiding deity of of the odious (bībhatsa) sentiment is Mahākāla (Śiva).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Odious (bībhatsa) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of disgust. It is created by Determinants like hearing of unpleasant, offensive, impure and harmful things or seeing them or discussing them.”.

3) Bībhatsa (बीभत्स, “odious”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The Glance in which the cornets of the eyes are nearly covered by eyelids, the eyeballs arc disturbed in disgust and the eyelashes are still and close to each other, is called Bībhatsā (odious).

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स) or the “sentiment (rasa) of disgust”.—Bībhatsarasa is that where, the sthāyibhāva is jugupsā or aversion. It is alleged by the mythologists to be blue-coloured and to have Mahākāla i.e. an awful form of Śiva as its presiding deity. The stinking flesh and fibre and fat are regarded as its ālambanavibhāvas, while therein, the presence of worms etc. are treated as uddīpanas. Again, spitting, averting of the face, closing of the eyes etc. are its anubhāvas and bewilderment, epilepsy, agitation, sickness, death etc. are regarded as vyabhicāribhāvas in connection to Bībhatsa.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Bībhatsā (बीभत्सा) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Bībhatsā] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Bībhatsa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स, “disgust”) refers to the “nine sentiments” (navarasa) in poetics and dramaturgy and represents one of the topics dealt with in the Anuyogadvārasūtra : a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—In Muni Puṇyavijaya’s words, “the Nandi which is of the form of five Jñānas serves as a mangala in the beginning of the study of the Āgamas; and the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra serves as a key to the understanding of the Āgamas”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—a (S) Disgusting, nauseous, loathsome, obscene, that excites disgust--an object gen., speech, a speaker. 2 Laxly. Frightful, hideous, monstrous, shocking, appalling.

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bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—m S One of the nine sentiments or affections,--Disgust or abhorrence. See navarasa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—a Disgusting, obscene. Fright- ful. One of the nine sentiments or rasa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—a. [badh svārthe san]

1) Disgusting, loathsome. nauseous, hideous, revolting; हन्त बीभत्समेवाग्रे वर्तते (hanta bībhatsamevāgre vartate) Māl. 5 'Oh ! it is indeed a loathsome sight'.

2) Envious, malignant, mischievous.

3) Savage, cruel, ferocious.

4) Estranged in mind.

5) Loathing, detesting; बीभत्सु- रतिबीभत्सं कर्मेदमकरोत् कथम् (bībhatsu- ratibībhatsaṃ karmedamakarot katham) Mb.11.24.13.

6) Sinful, wicked.

-tsaḥ 1 Disgust, abhorrence, detestation.

2) The disgusting sentiment, one of the 8 or 9 rasas in poetry; जुगुप्सास्थायिभावस्तु बीभत्सः कथ्यते रसः (jugupsāsthāyibhāvastu bībhatsaḥ kathyate rasaḥ) S. D.236. (e. g. Māl.5.16.).

3) Name of Arjuna.

-tsā Loathing, abhorrence.

-tsam Anything loathsome.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bibhatsa (बिभत्स).—adj. (m.c. for Sanskrit bī°), loathsome: Lalitavistara 206.2 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—mfn. Subst.

(-tsaḥ-tsā-tsaṃ) 1. Disgust, abhorrence. Adj. Detesting, loathing, changed or averted in mind. 2. Cruel, mischievous. 3. Compassionate. 4. Wicked. 5. Envious. E. badh to bind, to hate, &c. aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—an anomal. desider. probably of bādh, [Ātmanepada.] To be angry, to detest, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 6, 6 (with abl.).

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Bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—i. e. bībhatsa + a, I. m. Disgust, abhorrence. Ii. adj. 1. Loathing, detesting. 2. Loathful, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 99, 9; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 112. 3. Mischievous, cruel. 4. Envious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bībhatsa (बीभत्स).—[adjective] loathsome, disgusting, hideous ([abstract] [feminine]); [feminine] ā (& [neuter]*) disgust, horror.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bībhatsa (बीभत्स):—mf(ā)n. ([from] [Desiderative] of √bādh) loathsome, disgusting, revolting, hideous, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; ???; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) loathing, detesting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) envious, cruel, wicked, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) changed or estranged in mind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) m. disgust, abhorrence

6) (with rasa) the sentiment of disgust (one of the 8 Rasas q.v.), [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

7) Name of Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Bībhatsā (बीभत्सा):—[from bībhatsa] f. loathing, abhorrence, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. a-b)

9) Bībhatsa (बीभत्स):—n. anything loathsome or hideous, a h° sight, [Mālatīmādhava]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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