Bhringi, aka: Bhṛṅgī, Bhṛṅgi; 6 Definition(s)
Bhringi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Bhṛṅgī and Bhṛṅgi can be transliterated into English as Bhrngi or Bhringi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Bhṛṅgī (भृङ्गी) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.
While the gaṇas such as Bhṛṅgī were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.(Source): Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa
Bhṛṅgī (भृङ्गी).—A Maharṣi who was a devotee of Śiva. Once he went to Kailāsa and began to go round Śiva to pay homage to him. But since Pārvatī and Śiva were sitting together as one body, he could not go round Śiva separately. He did not have much reverence for Pārvatī. So he took the form of a female beetle (Bhṛṅgī) and bored his way through a hole made in the place where their bodies were united and thus went round Śiva alone. Pārvatī was angry at this slight shown to her and cursed him to become physically weak. His legs became so weak that they were unable to support his body. So he prayed to Śiva again and he blessed him with a third leg. In this way Bhṛṅgī became a Maharṣi with three legs. (Maharṣis).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Bhṛṅgi (भृङ्गि).—The head of a Śiva gaṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 28; IV. 30. 75; 34. 89.
1b) An image of, in attendance on Śiva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 259. 24; 266. 42.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Bhṛṅgī (भृङ्गी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Bhṛṅgi (भृङ्गि).—Bhṛṅgi is three- legged and two-handed. He has a Jaṭa coiffuer. He wears necklaces and upavīta made of bells. Bhṛṅgi is supposed to have a rickety figure, with his skeletal frame prominently visible. But in this example, he is not represented so. He has a supple body but the idea of his skeleton is symbolically represented through prominently visible ribs on his chest.(Source): Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The buzzing of the black bee (bhṛngī), symbolizing the guru, attracts the insect, which becomes so entranced that it is eventually transformed into a bhṛngī.(Source): Google Books: The Bijak of Kabir
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Bhringi, Bhṛṅgī or Bhṛṅgi. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CXV - Description of the triple conduct of men < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter LXXV - On mancipation and emancipation < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Chapter XXII - Account of past ages < [Book VI - Nirvana prakarana part 1 (nirvana prakarana)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 4 - The Rasalinga or Rasalingam (Phallus made of Mercury) < [Chapter I - Requisites for metallurgical operations]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 37 - Destruction of Dakṣa’s sacrifice < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 52 - The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 4 - Cañculā’s salvation < [Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 41 - The narrative of Bhārgava Paraśurāma (e) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)