Bhramaṇa, Bhramana, Bhrāmaṇa: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Bhramaṇa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhraman.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण, “moving round”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyeballs (tārā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण, “moving round”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyeballs (tārā);—Instructions: turning round the eyeballs at random. Uses: in the Heroic (vīra) and the Furious (raudra) Sentiments (rasa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण):—Wandering

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) refers to the “daily motion” (of the planets), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must know the length, in yojana (5 miles), of the daily motion [i.e., bhramaṇa] of each planet in its orbit and of the orbit itself, and generally the length, in yojanas in every ease”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) refers to the “rotation” (of the bowl), according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl [i.e., ghaṭī-bhramaṇa-phala], starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates [i.e., bhramaṇa] in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhūmṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan, (?) virtuous, endowed wit h sons, wealth and relatives. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) (Cf. Aṭana) means “to wander about”, according to the Brahmayāmala verse 21.5cd-10.—Accordingly, “(One who is engaged) in the Vow of Nakedness is always naked and has no upper garment. His body is covered in ashes and his hair is always dishevelled. (He should) always worship the place where (he practices) Yoga. He should wander about [i.e.,. bhramaṇa] at midday. O dear one, whether in a village or a town he must certainly wander about. He has deposited the mantra on his body and, devoid of the five insignia, he always keeps silent. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) refers to “wandering” (in the four states of existence), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the cause (hetutvam) of the result (karmaṇi) of wandering in the four states of existence (caturgatibhramaṇe)]—Embodied souls, living in immovable and movable bodies, are born [and] die constrained by the chains of their own actions. In this world sometimes corporeal [souls] filled with a mass of virtue appear in heaven because of the development of life and name karmas connected with the celestial state of existence”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—n (S) Whirling, going round, moving circularly. 2 Wandering, roaming, roving, lit. fig. 3 Straying figuratively, deviating from rectitude. 4 A certain kumuhūrtta or inauspicious period.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—n Going round; wandering.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—[bhram-lyuṭ]

1) Moving or roving about, roaming about.

2) Turning round, revolution.

3) Deviation, swerving.

4) Shaking, tottering, unsteadiness, staggering.

5) Erring.

6) Giddiness, dizziness.

7) A tour, excursion.

8) The orbit of a planet

9) A cupola.

-ṇī 1 A kind of game.

2) A leech.

3) Name of one of the 5 धारणा (dhāraṇā)s. °विलासः (vilāsaḥ) a pleasure trip; विधेः कदाचिद्भ्रमण- विलासे (vidheḥ kadācidbhramaṇa- vilāse) N.3.19.

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Bhrāmaṇa (भ्रामण).—[bhram-ṇic lyuṭ] Swinging or turning round, causing to revolve.

Derivable forms: bhrāmaṇam (भ्रामणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Whirling, going round 2. Wandering, literally or figuratively. 3. Erring. 4. Giddiness. f. (-ṇī) 1. A leech. 2. A sort of game, performed by women for the amusement of a lover or husband. E. bhram to go round, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—i. e. bhram + ana, I. n. 1. Whirling, turning round, Bhā- ṣāp. 6. 2. Giddiness, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 17, 5. 3. Wandering, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 23, 11. Ii. f. ṇī, A sort of game performed by women for the amusement of a lover or husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण).—[neuter] roaming, wandering through (—°); tottering, wavering, unsteadiness; turning round, revolution (of a star), giddiness, dizziness.

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Bhrāmaṇa (भ्रामण).—[neuter] swinging or turning round.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण):—[from bhram] n. wandering or roaming about, roving through, circumambulating ([compound]), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa]

2) [v.s. ...] wavering, staggering, unsteadiness, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] turning round, revolution, the orbit (of a planet), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] giddiness, dizziness, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a cupola, [Agni-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] erring, falling into error, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) causing to go round (cf. paṭaha-bhr)

8) Bhrāmaṇa (भ्रामण):—[from bhram] n. ([from] [Causal]) turning round, swinging, waving, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] giddiness, dizziness, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A whirling, a wandering. f. (ṇī) A leech; kind of game.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jhaṃṭaṇa, Jhaṃpaṇa, Bhamaṇa, Bhamāḍaṇa, Bhāmaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhramaṇa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhramaṇa (भ्रमण) [Also spelled bhraman]:—(nm) walk; going round; excursion; travel, roaming; [vṛttāṃta] a travelogue; ~[śīla] wandering / roaming / rambling/roving.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramaṇa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhramaṇa (ಭ್ರಮಣ):—

1) [noun] = ಭ್ರಮ - [bhrama -] 1, 2, 3 & 7.

2) [noun] a particular trick or lock in wrestling.

3) [noun] the path of celestial body on which it revolves round another celestial body.

4) [noun] the act of trembling, shivering.

5) [noun] the state or quality of being unstable, unsteady; unstibility; unsteadiness.

6) [noun] the condition of being utterly perplexed; bewilderment; utter confusion.

7) [noun] the act or an instance of making a mistake, blunder.

8) [noun] the act of turning (something), causing to revolve around some other thing.

9) [noun] the act or process of travelling; travel.

10) [noun] the dome of a building; a rounded roof or ceiling; a cupola.

11) [noun] (dance.) the act of rolling the eye-balls in a regulated manner.

12) [noun] (fig.) the cycle of births and deaths of a being.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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