Padarthadharmasamgraha and Nyayakandali

by Ganganatha Jha | 1915 | 250,428 words

The English translation of the Padarthadharmasamgraha of Prashastapada including the commentary called the Nyayakandali of Shridhara. Although the Padartha-dharma-sangraha is officially a commentary (bhashya) on the Vaisheshika-Sutra by Kanada, it is presented as an independent work on Vaisesika philosophy: It reorders and combines the original Sut...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Text 151:

संस्कारात् कर्म् अइष्वादिषूक्तम् । तथा चक्रादिष्ववयवानां पार्श्वतः प्रतिनियतदिग्देशसम्योगविभागोत्पत्तौ यद् अवयविनः संस्काराद् अनियतदिग्देशसम्योगविभागनिमित्तं कर्म तद् भ्रमणम् इति । एवम् आदयो गमनविशेषाः ॥ १५१ ॥

saṃskārāt karm aiṣvādiṣūktam | tathā cakrādiṣvavayavānāṃ pārśvataḥ pratiniyatadigdeśasamyogavibhāgotpattau yad avayavinaḥ saṃskārād aniyatadigdeśasamyogavibhāganimittaṃ karma tad bhramaṇam iti | evam ādayo gamanaviśeṣāḥ || 151 ||

Text (151):—Action produced, by faculty we have, already described in the case of the arrow &c. And similarly, in the case of such things as the, potter’s wheel and the like, we find that the component particles undergoing a series of conjunctions and disjunctions with definite points of space on its sides, there is produced, in the wheel as a whole, an action, produced by faculty, by the instrumentality of conductions and disjunctions with points of space not restricted to a single place; and this action is what is called ‘Bhramaṇa,’ ‘Revolving.’ Such are the particular forms of ‘Going’ or ‘Motion’.

Commentary: The Nyāyakandalī of Śrīdhara.

(English rendering of Śrīdhara’s commentary called Nyāyakandalī or Nyāyakaṇḍalī from the 10th century)

The word ‘tathā’ stands in need of a corresponding ‘yathā’; hence the construction of the sentence is—‘as in the case of the arrow, so in that of the wheel &c., &c.’

This the author proceeds to explain....................... The conjunctions and disjunctions of the wheel as a whole are not restructed [restricted?] to any particular points of space; as it moves on all sides. The process is thus:—The contact of the turning stick produces an action (motion) in the wheel as a whole; and the subsequent actions are produced by the faculty that is produced by impulsion, striking, and Actions: and thus the speed (or momentum) producing the first action in the wheel-particle in direct contact with the stick, the action of the other particles is due to their contact with the particle which is in contact with the stick; and the subsequent actions of the former particle are due to the faculty, impulsion and striking; and those of the others are produced by faculty, as also by the contact of the particle, which is in contact with the stick; when the stick is removed, the continuance of the motion is due to faculty only.

The author finally sums up the various kinds of ‘going’ or ‘Motion’.

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