Bhatta, Bhaṭṭā, Bhaṭṭa, Bhattā, Bhāṭṭa: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhatt.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Academia.edu: Tantric elements in Kalhaṇa’s Rājataraṅgiṇī

The sorceress Bhaṭṭā sacrifices king Baka to a circle of goddesses (devīcakra), to gain superhuman powers. The memory of this event is kept alive by the deity Śatakapāleśa, the circle of mothers and a rock bearing the prints of Bhaṭṭā’s knees (when she flew up into the sky) at the monastery of Kherī. See O. Serbaeva Yoginī s p. 193. (See Rājataraṅgiṇī verse 1.331)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट, “sire”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Bhaṭṭa is used by servants to address the overlord of other kings.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट) refers to a “minstrels” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Bhaṭṭa] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट) in Prakrit refers to a “panegyrist bard”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Sircar 1966 p. 52; Balbir 1982 p. 68); also “respectful title” applied to high personages: -brahmanes 507-508 [(61) 107.5, 107.13], § 1; -masters jaina 404 [(47) 89.11], § b (Sircar 1966 p. 51);

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bhatta meaning a priest or scribe in Sanskrit, is a surname common in most parts of India. This is title given to learned Brahmins. A predominantly Hindu last name, it is found most commonly in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and in West Bengal (as Bhattācharya) and some parts of Karnataka.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Hattha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhaṭṭa.—(IE 8-3), cf a-caṭṭa-bhaṭṭa-praveśa (IE 8-5); same as Bhaṭa of earlier records; but rarely distinguished from Bhaṭa, Bhaṭṭa in that ease meaning ‘a minstrel’. (CII 3, 4; etc.), a title of respect attached to the names of learned Brāhmaṇas. (IE 8-3), a minstrel. Note: bhaṭṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhaṭṭā.—(Bhaṭṭāº) (PJS), abbreviation of Bhaṭṭāraka (in medieval Jain inscriptions); an epithet of Jain teachers. Note: bhaṭṭā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhatta : (nt.) boiled rice; food; meal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhatta, (nt.) (cp. Epic & Class. Sk. bhakta, orig. pp. of bhajati) feeding, food, nourishment, meal Dh. 185; Pug. 28, 55; J. II, 15; V, 170 (bhatta-manuñña-rūpaṃ for bhattaṃ-); Vism. 66 (where 14 kinds enumerated, i.e. saṅgha°, uddesa° etc.); Sdhp. 118.—ucchiṭṭha° food thrown away PvA. 173; uddesa° special food Vin. I, 58=96, cp. II. 175; devasika° daily food (as fee or wages) DA. I, 296 (=bhatta-vetana); dhura° a meal to which a bhikkhu is invited as leader of others, i.e. a responsible meal J. I, 449; III, 97 (v. l. dhuva°); dhuva° constant supply of food Vin. I, 25, 243.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).—m (S) A learned or literary man, one conversant with the philosophical systems. The word is added as a title to the names of learned Brahmans. 3 (Used for bhaṭa) A Brahman, esp. one that subsists by begging.

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bhaṭṭā (भट्टा).—m ( H) A covered earthen vessel containing fire.

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bhattā (भत्ता).—m ( or H Batta.) An allowance beyond the settled rate of pay given on occasions of extraordinary service (as to troops in the field, servants, hammals): an allowance for his subsistence made to a Government-officer, by the person to whom he is sent, for as many days as he detains him: allowance made by a creditor to one detained by him in prison: subsistence-money generally to prisoners, to attending witnesses, to peons executing processes &c. &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).—m A learned man. See bhaṭa.

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bhattā (भत्ता).—m An allowance, batta.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).—[bhaṭ-tan]

1) A lord, master (used as a title of respect in addressing princes).

2) A title used with the names of learned Brāhmaṇas; भट्टगोपालस्य पौत्रः (bhaṭṭagopālasya pautraḥ) Māl.1; so कुमारिलभट्टः (kumārilabhaṭṭaḥ) &c.

3) Any learned man or philosopher.

4) A kind of mixed caste, whose occupation is that of bards or panegyrists; क्षत्रियाद्विप्रकन्यायां भट्टो जातोऽनुवाचकः । वैश्यायां शूद्रवीर्येण पुमानेको बभूव ह । स भट्टो वाव- दूकश्च सर्वेषां स्तुतिपाठकः (kṣatriyādviprakanyāyāṃ bhaṭṭo jāto'nuvācakaḥ | vaiśyāyāṃ śūdravīryeṇa pumāneko babhūva ha | sa bhaṭṭo vāva- dūkaśca sarveṣāṃ stutipāṭhakaḥ) || Brav. P.

5) A bard, panegyrist.

Derivable forms: bhaṭṭaḥ (भट्टः).

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Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट).—[bhaṭṭasyānuyāyī, aṇ] A follower of Bhaṭṭa, a follower of that school of the Mīmāṃsā philosophy which was founded by Kumārila Bhaṭṭa.

Derivable forms: bhāṭṭaḥ (भाट्टः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhaṭṭā (भट्टा).—(f., which I do not find recorded, to bhaṭṭa, title of respect), (1) lady (applied to a queen): bhaṭṭe, voc., Mahāvastu ii.445.6; 447.7 (em); bhaṭṭāye, instr., 445.14 (em.); (2) name of a yakṣiṇī (compare the yogeśvarī named Bhaṭṭā, Rājataraṅginī, ed. Stein, i.331): (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 564.25 (read bhaṭṭā for °ṭa); 565.20 (°ṭe, voc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).—m.

(-ṭṭaḥ) 1. A philosopher, a learned man, especially one conversant with the philosophical systems. 2. An enemy. 3. Best excellent. 4. Authority. 5. A bard in general. E. bhaṭa-tan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).— (a dialectical form based on bhartā, nom. sing. of bhartṛ), m. 1. A philosopher, a learned man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 66. 2. An enemy. 3. Authority. 4. Best.

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Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट).—i. e. bhaṭṭa + a, m. A follower of Kumārila Bhaṭṭa, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 211, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट).—[masculine] lord, [Epithet] of learned men (°— & —° in names).

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Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट).—[masculine] a follower of (Kumārila) Bhaṭṭa; [neuter] K's work.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

2) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—a title of Kumārila by which he is often quoted. Oxf. 247^a. 265^a.

Bhaṭṭa has the following synonyms: Bhaṭṭācārya.

3) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—on alaṃkāra. Quoted in Alaṃkārasarvasva Oxf. 210^a.

4) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—Mokṣavādamīmāṃsā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—m. ([from] bhartṛ) lord, my lord (also [plural] and -pāda m. [plural]; according to, [Daśarūpa ii, 64], a title of respect used by humble persons addressing a prince; but also affixed or prefixed to the names of learned Brāhmans, e.g. kedāra-, govinda-bh etc., or bhaṭṭa-kedāra etc., below, the proper name being sometimes omitted e.g. bhaṭṭa = kumārila-bh; also any learned man = doctor or philosopher), [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā] etc.

2) Name of a [particular] mixed caste of hereditary panegyrists, a bard, encomiast, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) an enemy (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) often [wrong reading] for bhaṭa

5) Bhaṭṭā (भट्टा):—[from bhaṭṭa] f. Name of an enchantress, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—mf(ā)n. venerable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट):—m. a follower of Bhaṭṭa (id est. Kumārila-bh°), [Vedāntasāra]

8) [plural] Name of a people, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) n. the work of Bh°, [Pratāparudrīya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—(ṭṭaḥ) 1. m. A philosopher; an enemy; excellence; authority.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—(aus bhartar entstanden)

1) m. a) eig. Herr; so wird nach [DAŚAR. 2. 64] der Fürst von niedrigen Personen angeredet. Gewöhnlich Bez. grosser Gelehrter: devabrāhmaṇabhaṭṭanāgarapreṣyaṣaḍarśanādīnām [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 24, 5.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 494. 5, 66.] rājakula [6, 246.] kumārilena bhaṭṭena [Oxforder Handschriften 255,b,18.] Häufig mit Weglassung des eigentlichen Namens gebraucht, z. B. [Oxforder Handschriften 154,b,10. 170,a,20. No. 495] (Rhetoriker). [KṢITĪŚ. 2, 6. 4, 4. 8. 13. 15.] = Kumārilabhaṭṭa [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 7,299,2.] [HALL 50. 87. 172.] [Oxforder Handschriften 162,b,18] (pl. und auch bhaṭṭapādāḥ) . [247,a,27.] bhaṭṭapādābhidhā yasya [254,a,12. 258,b,1. 19.] bhaṭṭāḥ [278,b. 49.] bhaṭṭāḥ neben bhaṭṭapādāḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 173.] Eigennamen angehängt [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 90]; vgl. ananta, annaṃ, ārya, kedāra, koṇḍa, govinda, trivikrama, nārāyaṇa, prājya, bāṇa . Vgl. bhāṭṭa . — b) Bez. einer Mischlingskaste, die sich mit Lobreden beschäftigt, [Śabdakalpadruma] nach dem [BRAHMAVAIV-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] : vgl. bhaṭa, bhaḍa, bhaṇḍa . — c) fehlerhaft für bhaṭa [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 12, 11.] —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium einer Zauberin [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 333.]

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Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट):—m.

1) ein Anhänger des Bhaṭṭa (Kumārilabhaṭṭa) [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien.1,14,13.] [Vedānta lecture No. 88.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 626. 721. 823.] [Oxforder Handschriften 255,b, Nalopākhyāna 5. 270,b,22.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft I, 200.] —

2) pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 314.]

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Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):—

1) a) [Z. 2] füge nach 64 hinzu und [Sāhityadarpana 171, 11.] bhaṭṭa = Kumārila [SARVADARŚANAS. 46, 21. 118, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट):——

1) m. — a) Herr ; so wird ein Fürst von niedrigen Personen angeredet. — b) Bez. grosser Gelehrter , Doctor. Häufig mit Weglassung des eigentlichen Namens gebraucht ; auch Pl. und bhaṭṭapāda m. Pl. — c) eine mit Lobreden sich beschäftigende Mischlingskaste. — d) fehlerhaft für bhaṭa. —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium einer Zauberin.

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Bhāṭṭa (भाट्ट):——

1) m. — a) ein Anhänger des Kumārilabhaṭṭa. — b) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes. deśa m. [Rājan 6,131.] —

2) n. das Werk der Kumārilābhaṭṭa [Kumārasvāmin] zu [Pratāparudriya 342,21.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhaṭṭa (भट्ट) [Also spelled bhatt]:—(nm) a bard; scholarly Brahman.

2) Bhaṭṭā (भट्टा):—(nm) see [bhaṭṭhā].

3) Bhattā (भत्ता):—(nm) an allowance.

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