Kshayopashamika, Kṣāyopaśamika, Kshaya-aupashamika: 3 definitions


Kshayopashamika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣāyopaśamika can be transliterated into English as Ksayopasamika or Kshayopashamika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kshayopashamika in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṣayopaśamika (क्षयोपशमिक) refers to “right-belief which arises from combined suppression and destruction of karma” and represents one of the five classes of Saṃyagdarśana (“right-belief”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Attachment to the principles told by the scriptures is called ‘right-belief’ (saṃyakśraddhāna or saṃyagdarśana), and is produced by intuition or instruction of a Guru. [...] It is five-fold. Of these, the third, arising from combined destruction and suppression of wrong-belief [i.e., kṣayopaśamika], belongs to one who has thought-activity from the rising of right-belief-matter. [...]”.

Note: Kṣayopaśamika exists in Guṇasthānas 4-11, and has a minimum duration of an antarmuhūrta, and a maximum of 66 + sāgaropamas.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Kṣāyopaśamika (क्षायोपशमिक) or miśra refers to “destruction-cum-subsidence of karmas” and represents one of the five dispositions (thought-activities) of the soul, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.1. What is meant by mixed-disposition (miśra)? The subsidence-cum-destruction disposition is called mixed disposition.

What is meant by destruction-cum-subsidence (kṣāyika / aupaśamika) disposition? The disposition of the soul arising out of simultaneous subsidence-cum-destruction of karmas is called mixed disposition e.g. in a glass of water in which mud settled at the bottom and then the mud particles continue coming up and mixing with clean water at the top.

What is meant by subsidence-cum-destruction (aupaśamika / kṣāyika)? Destruction of the activation tendency of karmas in the present time and subsidence of the karmas likely to be active in the future properly, along with activation of the partially-destructive (deśaghāti) karmas, is called subsidence-cum-destruction.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshayopashamika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣayopaśamika (क्षयोपशमिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khaovasamiya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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