Atapatra, Ātapatra, Atapa-tra: 14 definitions


Atapatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ātapatra (आतपत्र) refers to a “parasol” (for protection from heat), and is mentioned in verse 2.32 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] equipped with parasol [viz., ātapatra] and foot-gear, one shall move about, looking (ahead) as far as a yoke; but at night (only) for an urgent matter (and) with stick, head-wear, (and) companion”.

Note: Ātapatra (“parasol”) (lit. “heat-protector”) has been translated by gdugs dkar (“white parasol”).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Atapatra in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ātapatra (आतपत्र) refers to the “royal umbrella”, according to the seventeenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 91. Accordingly, as the Vetāla said to king Trivikramasena:—“... servants are bound to preserve their masters even by the sacrifice of their lives. But kings are inflated with arrogance, uncontrollable as elephants, and when bent on enjoyment they snap as under the chain of the moral law. [...] And the royal umbrella [viz., ātapatra] keeps off from them the rays of truth, as well as the rays of the sun; and their eyes, smitten by the gale of prosperity, do not see the right path. [...]”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning ātapatra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ātapatra (आतपत्र) refers to an “umbrella”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.3-6, while describing the interpretation of dreams]—“In [auspicious] dreams [the dreamer] drinks wine, eats raw flesh, smears insect feces and sprinkles blood. He eats food of sour milk and smears a white garment. [He holds] a white umbrella (śveta-ātapatra) over his head, decorates [himself] with a white garland or ribbon. [He sees] a throne, chariot or vehicle, the flag of royal initiation. He decorates [these things] with a coral, betel leaf fruit. [He also] sees Śrī or Sarasvatī”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Atapatra in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ātapatra (आतपत्र) refers to a “large umbrella”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] When the thorn that is the mind is dislodged by the natural, no-mind [state], the body becomes loose [and collapses] like a large umbrella (ātapatra) without its pole. When the thorn of mental-faculties has been uprooted, roots and all, by means of the no-mind spade, the sage becomes happy. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र).—[ātapāt trāyate, trai-ka] an umbrella (of silk or leaves used as a parasol); तमातपक्लान्तमनातपत्रम् (tamātapaklāntamanātapatram) R.2.13,47; पद्म° (padma°) 4.5; राज्यं स्वहस्तधृतदण्डमिवातपत्रम् (rājyaṃ svahastadhṛtadaṇḍamivātapatram) Ś.5.6.

Derivable forms: ātapatram (आतपत्रम्).

Ātapatra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ātapa and tra (त्र). See also (synonyms): ātapatraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र).—n.

(-traṃ) A large umbrella of silk or leaves, used in the east as a parasol. E. ātapa sun-shine, tra what preserves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र).—[ātapa-tra] (vb. trā), n. A parasol, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र).—[neuter] a large umbrella used as a parasol.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र):—[=ā-tapa-tra] [from ā-tapa > ā-tap] n. ‘heat-protector’ (ifc. f(ā). , [Meghadūta; Kathāsaritsāgara]), a large umbrella (of silk or leaves), [Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapatra (आतपत्र):—[ātapa-tra] (traṃ) 1. n. A large umbrella of silk or leaves, a parasol.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ātapatra (आतपत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āyavatta, Āvatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atapatra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ātapatra (ಆತಪತ್ರ):—[noun] a portable, usu. foldable, shelter against the sun; an umbrella.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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