Pracaya, Pracāya: 9 definitions



Pracaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachaya.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Pracaya (प्रचय).—A specific feature or quality (धर्म (dharma)) of the grave (अनुदात्त (anudātta)) accent when a vowel, accented grave, is preceded by a स्वरित (svarita) (circumflex . vowel) and is followed upon by another grave-accented vowel. These grave vowels in succession, i.e. the grave vowels which are not followed by an acute or a circumflex vowel are uttered neither distinctly circumflex nor distinctly grave; cf also R. Pr, III.II-14. They are uttered like the acute, but slightly so; e. g. the vowels after मे (me) and before ति (ti) in इमं मे गङ्गे (imaṃ me gaṅge)' यमुने सरस्वति (yamune sarasvati); cf. स्वरितात्संहितायामनुदात्तानां प्रचय उदात्तश्रुतिः (svaritātsaṃhitāyāmanudāttānāṃ pracaya udāttaśrutiḥ) T. Pr. XXI.10, 11 also cf. P.I.2.39, where the term एकश्रुति (ekaśruti) is used for the word प्रचय (pracaya);

2) Pracaya.—The connection of one word with many words; e.g. राज्ञो गोश्चाश्वश्च पुरुषश्च (rājño goścāśvaśca puruṣaśca) where राज्ञः (rājñaḥ) is connected with गौ, अश्व (gau, aśva) and पुरुष (puruṣa); cf. प्रचये समासप्रतिषेधोः वक्तव्यः (pracaye samāsapratiṣedhoḥ vaktavyaḥ) M. Bh. on II.1.1 Vart, 6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pracaya (प्रचय) or Pracāya (प्रचाय).—See under प्रचि (praci).

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Pracaya (प्रचय) or Pracāya (प्रचाय).—

1) Collecting, gathering (as flowers); P.111.3.4.

2) A multitude, quantity, collection, number; प्रसन्नः पुण्यानां प्रचय इव सर्वस्य सुखदः (prasannaḥ puṇyānāṃ pracaya iva sarvasya sukhadaḥ) Mv.2.15.

3) Growth, increase.

4) Slight union.

5) The neutral accentless tone (ekaśruti).

6) (In alg.) The common difference of terms in a progression.

Derivable forms: pracayaḥ (प्रचयः), pracāyaḥ (प्रचायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracaya (प्रचय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A heap, a quantity, a number. 2. Gathering, (as fruit or flowers, but especially by means of a stick or other implement.) 3. Slight union or aggregation. 4. Growth, increase. E. pra before, ci to gather, aff. ac; also with ghañ aff. pracāya.

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Pracāya (प्रचाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Gathering anything with the hand. E. pra, ci to collect, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracaya (प्रचय).—i. e. pra-ci + a, m. 1. Gathering, Bhāṣāp. 111. 2. A heap, a quantity, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 5, 1; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 48.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracaya (प्रचय).—[masculine] plucking, gathering; heap, quantity, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracaya (प्रचय):—[=pra-caya] a etc. See pra- √1. ci.

2) Pracāya (प्रचाय):—[=pra-cāya] a etc. See below.

3) Pracaya (प्रचय):—[=pra-caya] [from pra-ci] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) collecting, gathering, [Pāṇini 3-3, 40] (cf. puṣpa-)

4) [v.s. ...] accumulation, heap, mass, quantity, multitude, [Ṛtusaṃhāra; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] growth, increase, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] slight aggregation, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] = -svara, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) the common increase or difference of the terms in a progression

9) Pracāya (प्रचाय):—[=pra-cāya] [from pra-caya > pra-ci] b m.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracaya (प्रचय):—[pra-caya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Heap, quantity, num ber; gathering; aggregation.

2) Pracāya (प्रचाय):—[pra-cāya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Gathering.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pracaya (प्रचय):—(von 1. ci mit pra) m.

1) das Lesen, Einsammeln: vṛkṣāgrasthānāṃ phalānāṃ yaṣṭyā pracayaṃ karoti, puṣpa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 40,] [Scholiast] —

2) Anhäufung, tumor, Ansammlung, Menge [Suśruta 2, 312, 9.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 110.] pracayaḥ śithilākhyo yaḥ saṃyogaḥ [111.] prarūṭhaśāli [Ṛtusaṃhāra 5, 1.] ātapatra [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 482.] bhinnāñjana [Ṛtusaṃhāra 3, 5.] amedhya [Spr. 2994.] prāleyavāta [1928.] ādityādikriyā [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 24.] —

3) = pracayasvara [Prātiśākhya zur Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 6. 7. 9] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 137. 167. 257.]

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Pracāya (प्रचाय):—(von 1. ci mit pra) m. das Einsammeln, Lesen, Pflücken: puṣpa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 40,] [Scholiast]

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Pracaya (प्रचय):—

2) am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Kirātārjunīya 5, 48.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pracaya (प्रचय):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) das Abpflücken , Lesen , Einsammeln.

2) Anhäufung , tumor , Ansammlung , Menge pracayakāṣṭhāgata Adj. den höchsten Grad der Intensität erreicht habend Comm. zu [Gotama's Nyāyadarśana 4,2,12.] —

3) = pracayasvara Comm. zu [Jaiminiyanyāyamālāvistara 9,2,15.]

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Pracāya (प्रचाय):—m. das Pflücken , Lesen , Einsammeln.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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