Arshabhi, Ārṣabhi, Ārṣabhī: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Arshabhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ārṣabhi and Ārṣabhī can be transliterated into English as Arsabhi or Arshabhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Arshabhi in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि).—The street with the constellations of Pūrva and Uttara Phalguni and Magha; in madhyama mārga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 49; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 56.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ārṣabhī (आर्षभी) refers to one of the jātis (melodic class) related to the ṣaḍja-grāma, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is therefore also known as ārṣabhījāti. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.105-107, “in the ārṣabhi-jātī, the aṃśa (key note) is ṛṣabha, dhaivata and niṣāda. These are its apanyāsa (semi-terminal note), and the nyāsa (terminal note) is known as ṛṣabha, Skipping over pañcama in the ascending scale will be its reduction (alpatva) giving rise to a special hexatonic treatment (ṣāḍava / ṣāḍavita). Its ordinary hexatonic treatment will exclude niṣāda, and the pentatonic treatment pañcama. In it, the moving together (saṃcāra) of the dissonant notes (vivādin) has been prescribed”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ārṣabhī (आर्षभी) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Ārṣabhī and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि) is another name for king Bharata, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:

“[...] The King [Bharata] went by its path, like a river by a channel, as it went by a path in the east to Mt. Kṣudrahimavat. Going with ease like a noble-elephant, the King arrived after a few marches at the southern slope of mount Kṣudrahima, which was covered with birch, tagara, and deodar groves. The King established his camp there, like Indra in Pāṇḍaka. Concentrating on the deity of Kṣudrahimavat, Ārṣabhi made a four days’ fast, auspicious and of prime importance for the accomplishment of actions”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि).—Name of king Bharata.

Derivable forms: ārṣabhiḥ (आर्षभिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि).—m.

(-bhiḥ) A name of Bharata, emperor of India. E. ṛṣabha excellent, and aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārṣabhī (आर्षभी):—[from ārṣabha] f. Name of several constellations, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि):—[from ārṣabha] m. a descendant of Ṛṣabha Tīrtha-kṛt

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the first Cakra-vartin in Bhārata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārṣabhi (आर्षभि):—(bhiḥ) 2. m. A name of Bharata, emperor of India.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arshabhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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