Antarakalpa, Antara-kalpa: 3 definitions


Antarakalpa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Antarakalpa in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Antarakalpa (अन्तरकल्प) refers to “internal aeons”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] At that time, the king Sarvadevābhiṣeka had paid homage and respect to the Lord for forty internal aeons (antarakalpa), making offerings of a heap of jewels (ratnarāśi), as much as Mount Sumeru, every single day. By the firmness of his merits (puṇya), the king, his sons, his village’s people and retinues generated the thought of incomparable complete awakening. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Antarakalpa in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Antarakalpa (अन्तरकल्प) refers to an “intervalic aeon” and represents one of the “four aeons” (kalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 87). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., antara-kalpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antarakalpa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antarakalpa (अन्तरकल्प).—m. (= Pali °kappa), internal (sub-division of a) kalpa or aeon, or intermediate kalpa (period between major kalpas). In Abhidharmakośa iii.181 the var. antaḥkalpa is recorded, along with this; it seems to point to the first definition above, and La Vallée Poussin, ad loc., considers this the only correct definition; there are 80 in a mahākalpa, op. cit. 187 (in Pali 64, Critical Pali Dictionary). On the other hand Mahāvyutpatti 8281 renders antara-(kalpa) by Tibetan bar gyi, intermediate, and similarly śastrāntara-, rogāntara-, durbhikṣāntara-k° 8282—4; these suggest that antara- kalpas are periods of destruction or disaster for people, compare Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. °kappa, a (short) intermediate period (of destruction of mankind). Critical Pali Dictionary recognizes both the above meanings, and this seems provisionally probable. It is often not clear which appears in specific cases; in Gaṇḍavyūha 325.15 perhaps the second: dvādaśānām antarakalpānām atyayena Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 67.1; prabhāṣate taj jina agradharmān… antarakalpaṣaṣṭim Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 25.8; compare Dharmasaṃgraha 87 (see s.v. kalpa 4); Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 159.3 ff.; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 295.9 (°paṃ jīvati). In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 68.10 text manujānam abhyantara-kalpa (= antara°), but probably read °jān’ apī antara° (see WT).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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