Prerita: 15 definitions
Prerita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
One of the hasta-prāṇa, or ‘Twelve Lives of the Hands’: Prerita (directed): the hand turned back, (the fingers being) extended, bent, or separatedSource: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Prerita (प्रेरित) refers to one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. Prerita-maṇḍala is to strike the ground with one foot on the side of the other foot at a distance of three vitastis, and to stand with the knees crossed, holding śikhara-hasta on the chest with one hand and extending the other hand as patāka-hasta. This posture is found in the images but there is no exact term given for the posture. The image of Somāskanda is also said to be in this posture.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Prerita (प्रेरित) refers to “impelled”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The adept) should drink with a contented mind impelled [i.e., prerita] by the supreme power. He should never reflect (on the appropriateness) of whatever is offered to his own maṇḍala. He should consume it (bhoktavya) without thought (nirvikalpa)”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Prerita (प्रेरित) means “induced by”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Once, induced by Śiva [i.e., śiva-prerita], you went to the abode of Himācala lovingly, you who have the knowledge of Śiva and who are the foremost among those who know the divine sports of Śiva. O sage Nārada, on seeing you, the lord of the mountains bowed to you and worshipped you. He called his daughter and asked her to fall at your feet. O excellent sage, he bowed to you again. Himavat joined his palms in reverence and bent his head considering it his duty and spoke to you. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch
Prerita (प्रेरित) refers to “stirring up” (the flames of fire), according to the Yogayajñavalkya (verse 4.62).—Accordingly, “The fire along with its flames is then stirred up (prerita) by the breath, and it makes the water in the abdomen very hot”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi
Prerita (प्रेरित) refers to “impelled (by wind)”, according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Immersed in the heat of a flaming fire impelled by wind (vāyu-prerita), seed syllables etc., a very young, bright colored, beautiful liquid, widely diffused, settled down, born of a Hūṃ, becoming pure liquefied immortality, becoming divine like Pātāla, with seven milky oceans, attract to one's self the five ambrosias”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
prērita (प्रेरित).—p S Sent. 2 Incited, urged, stimulated.
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prēritā (प्रेरिता).—a S That sends. 2 That prompts or in-cites.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
prērita (प्रेरित).—p Sent. Incited, urged.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Prerita (प्रेरित).—p. p.
1) Impelled, urged, instigated.
2) Excited, stimulated, prompted; अभक्ष्यं मन्यते भक्ष्यं स्त्रीवाक्यप्रेरितो नरः (abhakṣyaṃ manyate bhakṣyaṃ strīvākyaprerito naraḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.144.
3) Sent, despatched.
5) Directed, cast; ततस्ततः प्रेरितलोललोचना (tatastataḥ preritalolalocanā) Ś.1.23.
-taḥ An envoy, a messenger.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Sent, directed, dispatched. 2. Ordered. m.
(-taḥ) A messenger. E. pra before, īr to go, aff. kta.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Prerita (प्रेरित):—[from preraka > prer] mfn. urged, impelled, dispatched, sent, [Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]
2) [v.s. ...] turned, directed (as the eye), [Śakuntalā] ([varia lectio])
3) [v.s. ...] incited to speak, [Daśakumāra-carita]
4) [v.s. ...] passed, spent (as time), [Bhartṛhari]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prerita (प्रेरित):—[pre+rita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Sent, ordered.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Prerita (प्रेरित):—(a) inspired; prompted; motivated; induced.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Prērita (ಪ್ರೇರಿತ):—[adjective] urged; provoked; stimulated; incited.
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1) [noun] a man or thing (as a movement, animal, etc.) which is provoked, incited, urged or stimiulated.
2) [noun] a diplomatic representative appointed by one country or government to represent it in another; an ambassador.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Preritar.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Prerita, Prērita, Prēritā, Preritā; (plurals include: Preritas, Prēritas, Prēritās, Preritās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.38 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 1.7.118-119 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Verse 1.4.107 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)