Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Upāli-Pentads (Division 13: Resident)

Prv.17.13.1 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, is a resident monk consigned to Niraya Hell just as a burden is set aside[1]?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a resident monk is consigned to Niraya Hell just as a burden is set aside. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course from partiality, Vin.5.204 if he follows a wrong course from hatred, if he follows a wrong course from confusion, if he follows a wrong course from fear, if he makes use of something belonging to an Order, belonging to an individual. If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a resident monk is consigned to heaven just as a burden is set aside. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course from partiality … if he does not make use of something belonging to an Order, belonging to an individual. If he is possessed of these five … consigned to heaven … ”

Prv.17.13.2 “How many expositions of Vinaya are there, revered sir, that are not legally valid?”

“These five expositions of Vinaya, Upāli, are not legally valid. What five? As to this, Upāli, a monk speaks[2] saying non-dhamma is Dhamma, he speaks saying Dhamma is non-dhamma, he speaks saying non-Vinaya is Vinaya, he speaks saying Vinaya is non-Vinaya, he lays down what has not been laid down and abrogates what has been laid down.[3] These five expositions of Vinaya, Upāli, are not legally valid.

These five expositions of Vinaya, Upāli, are legally valid. What five? As to this, Upāli, a monk speaks saying non-dhamma is non-dhamma … he speaks saying Vinaya is Vinaya, he does not lay down what has not been laid down and BD.6.328 does not abrogate what has been laid down. These five expostions of Vinaya, Upāli, are legally valid.”

Prv.17.13.3 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, is an issuer of meals[4] consigned to Niraya Hell just as a burden is set aside?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, an issuer of meals is consigned to Niraya Hell just as a burden is set aside. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course from partiality … hatred … confusion … fear, if he does not know what has been issued and what has not been issued. If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, an issuer of meals is consigned to heaven just as a burden is set aside. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course from partiality fear, if he knows what has been issued and what has not been issued. If he is possessed of these five … consigned to heaven … ”

Prv.17.13.4 Prv.17.13.5 Prv.17.13.6 Prv.17.13.7 Prv.17.13.8 Prv.17.13.9 Prv.17.13.10 Prv.17.13.11 Prv.17.13.12 Prv.17.13.13 Prv.17.13.14 Prv.17.13.15 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, is an assigner of lodgings … a store-room keeper … an accepter of robes … a distributor of robe-material … a distributor of conjey … a distributor of fruit … a distributor of solid food … a disposer of trifles … an accepter of outer cloaks … an accepter of bowls … a superintendent of monastery attendants … a superintendent of novices consigned to Niraya Hell just as a burden is set aside?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a superintendent of novices … see Prv.17.13.3; instead of what has been issued and what has not been issued read who has been superintended and who has not been superintended … consigned to Niraya Hell … consigned to heaven just as a burden is set aside.”

Concluded is the Thirteenth Division: on Resident (Monk)

Its Summary

Vin.5.205 Resident, expositions,
issuer of meals, and lodgings,
Store-room, and accepter of robes,
and distributor of robe-material, /
Conjey, fruit, and solid food,
trifles, accepter of outer cloaks, BD.6.329
Bowls, and monastery attendants too,
superintendent for a novice.

Footnotes and references:

1.

See Middle Length Sayings i.96 for further references. Vin-a.1379 explains as yathā āharitvā ṭhapito.

2.

pariṇāmeti, also meaning to bend round, to twist; but this would not fit the following pentad. Vin-a.1379 says niyāmeti katheti.

3.

Cf. Vin.1.354, Vin.2.88, Vin.2.204; for the last dyad see DN.ii.74.

4.

See Kd.16.21 on this and the following officers and their qualities.

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